Bail Act 1994


Tasmanian Crest
Bail Act 1994

An Act relating to bail in legal proceedings

[Royal Assent 17 March 1994]

Be it enacted by His Excellency the Governor of Tasmania, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and House of Assembly, in Parliament assembled, as follows:

PART 1 - Preliminary

1.   Short title

This Act may be cited as the Bail Act 1994 .

2.   Commencement

This Act commences on a day to be proclaimed.

3.   Interpretation

(1)  In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears –
appropriate officer means –
(a) in the case of the Supreme Court, the Registrar of the Supreme Court; or
(ab) [Section 3 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 8, Applied:20 Jun 2013] in the case of the Court of Criminal Appeal, the Registrar of the Court of Criminal Appeal; or
(b) in any other case, a clerk of petty sessions;
contravene includes fail to comply with;
[Section 3 Subsection (1) amended by No. 38 of 2015, s. 17, Applied:13 Oct 2015] intervention program means a program that provides –
(a) supervised treatment; or
(b) supervised rehabilitation; or
(c) supervised behaviour management; or
(d) supervised access to support services; or
(e) a combination of any of the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) , (b) , (c) and (d)  –
designed to address behavioural problems (including problem gambling), substance abuse, alcohol abuse or mental impairment;
judicial officer means a person empowered to exercise jurisdiction in a court, whether or not that person is sitting as a court and includes a single justice;
[Section 3 Subsection (1) amended by No. 76 of 2003, Sched. 1, Applied:01 Jan 2004]
restraint order means a restraint order under Part XA of the Justices Act 1959 .
(2)  Where a magistrate is authorized by law to exercise a power that may be exercised by 2 or more justices, references in this Act to justices are taken to include references to a magistrate.

4.   Application of this Act

Where it is provided by any other Act or law that a person may be admitted to bail, that bail may be granted to a person or that bail may be revoked or varied, however that provision is expressed, this Act applies to that admission to bail or grant, revocation or variation of bail.
PART 1A - Grant of Bail to Terrorism-Linked Persons

4A.   Interpretation of Part 1A

[Section 4A Inserted by No. 14 of 2018, s. 4, Applied:14 Dec 2018] In this Part –
control order has the same meaning as in section 100.1 of the Criminal Code 1995 of the Commonwealth;
terrorism-linked person means a person who –
(a) has been convicted of a terrorism offence; or
(b) is subject to a control order;
terrorism offence means –
(a) an offence referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of the definition of terrorism offence in section 3 of the Crimes Act 1914 of the Commonwealth; and
(b) an offence against the former Crimes (Foreign Incursions and Recruitment) Act 1978 of the Commonwealth; and
(c) an offence, in relation to terrorism, that –
(i) is an offence under an Act of the Commonwealth, this State, another State or a Territory; and
(ii) is prescribed.

4B.   Limitations on grant of bail to terrorism-linked person

[Section 4B Inserted by No. 14 of 2018, s. 4, Applied:14 Dec 2018]
(1)  A person, other than a judge or magistrate, must not admit a person to bail if the person is satisfied that the other person is a terrorism-linked person.
(2)  A judge or a magistrate must not admit a person to bail if the judge or magistrate is satisfied that the person is a terrorism-linked person.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a person if the judge or magistrate is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances.

4C.   Arrest of terrorism-linked person admitted to bail

[Section 4C Inserted by No. 14 of 2018, s. 4, Applied:14 Dec 2018]
(1)  A police officer may arrest a person who is admitted to bail by a person other than a judge or magistrate, if the police officer suspects on reasonable grounds that the person admitted to bail is a terrorism-linked person.
(2)  A police officer may arrest a person who is admitted to bail by a judge or magistrate, if –
(a) the person was not admitted to bail because a judge or magistrate found, under section 4B(3) , that there were exceptional circumstances in relation to the person; and
(b) the police officer suspects on reasonable grounds that the person is a terrorism-linked person.
(3)  A police officer may arrest a person who is admitted to bail by a judge or magistrate, if –
(a) the person was not, before he or she was admitted to bail, a terrorism-linked person; and
(b) the person, after his or her release on bail by the judge or magistrate, has become a terrorism-linked person.
(4)  On the arrest of a person under this section, the bail of the person is suspended.
(5)  Subsection (4) ceases to apply to a person if the person arrested is later released unconditionally.
(6)  Section 11 applies to a person arrested under this section as if the person had been arrested under section 10 .
(7)  Despite subsection (6) , section 11(1) does not apply in relation to a justice in respect of a person arrested under this section unless the justice is a magistrate.
(8)  This section applies in relation to a person who has made an application for bail, or who is admitted to bail, before, on or after the day on which this section commences.

4D.   Access to proceedings, &c., in relation to terrorism-linked persons

[Section 4D Inserted by No. 14 of 2018, s. 4, Applied:14 Dec 2018] In any proceedings before a judge, a magistrate or a court, in relation to bail in respect of a person who is, or is alleged by a party to the proceedings to be, a terrorism-linked person, the judge, magistrate or court may make any one or more of the following orders:
(a) that all or part of the proceedings are to be heard in closed court;
(b) that only persons, or members of a class of persons, specified by the judge, magistrate or court may be present during all or part of the proceedings;
(c) that the publication of a report of all or part of the proceedings, or of any information that is disclosed in, or referred to in, the proceedings, is prohibited.
PART 2 - Police Bail

5.   Police bail

(1)  [Section 5 Subsection (1) amended by No. 29 of 2018, s. 12, Applied:10 Dec 2018] [Section 5 Subsection (1) amended by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]Where a person admits another person to bail under section 34 of the Justices Act 1959 or section 4(3), (5) or (6) of the Criminal Law (Detention and Interrogation) Act 1995 , the person who admits him or her to bail must–
(a) hand to the person admitted to bail on his or her release from custody a notice specifying the day on which and the time and place at which he or she is required to appear before justices; and
(b) endorse on a copy of the notice a statement that the notice was handed to the person admitted to bail on his or her release from custody; and
(c) sign the endorsement.
(2)  [Section 5 Subsection (2) amended by No. 29 of 2018, s. 12, Applied:10 Dec 2018] [Section 5 Subsection (2) amended by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]It is a condition of bail under section 34 of the Justices Act 1959 or section 4(3), (5) or (6) of the Criminal Law (Detention and Interrogation) Act 1995  –
(a) that the person admitted to bail must appear before justices on the day and at the time and place specified in a notice referred to in subsection (1) (a) ; and
(b) that the person admitted to bail must deposit, if the person admitting him or her to bail under either of those sections considers it desirable and so requires, a sum to be forfeited to the Crown if the person admitted to bail fails to appear before justices as required by paragraph (a) .
(3)  [Section 5 Subsection (3) substituted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]If a person is admitted to bail, that person must comply with any other conditions (including conditions controlling the conduct of the person) –
(a) that the person admitting him or her to bail considers necessary or desirable; and
(b) that are specified in the notice referred to in subsection (1) (a) .
(3A)  [Section 5 Subsection (3A) inserted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]For the purposes of but without limiting subsection (3) , conditions controlling the conduct of a person may include any one or more of the following:
(a) a condition requiring the person to report at a specified place at a specified time;
(b) a condition limiting the person's movements and social intercourse;
(ba) [Section 5 Subsection (3A) amended by No. 67 of 2004, Sched. 1, Applied:30 Mar 2005] a condition of a family violence order, police family violence order or interim family violence order, made under the Family Violence Act 2004 ;
(bb) [Section 5 Subsection (3A) amended by No. 29 of 2016, Sched. 1, Applied:25 Nov 2017] a condition of a recognised DVO, within the meaning of the Domestic Violence Orders (National Recognition) Act 2016 ;
(c) a condition preventing the person from acting in a manner specified in section 106B (1) of the Justices Act 1959 .
(4)  [Section 5 Subsection (4) amended by No. 65 of 2007, s. 6, Applied:01 Jan 2008] A person who without reasonable cause contravenes a notice referred to in subsection (1) (a) or a condition of the notice is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding 10 penalty units or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or both.
(5)  Where a person admitted to bail fails to appear before justices on the day and at the time specified in a notice referred to in subsection (1) (a) , the justices may issue a warrant for his or her arrest.
(5A)  [Section 5 Subsection (5A) inserted by No. 64 of 1994, s. 14 ][Section 5 Subsection (5A) substituted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]If a police officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person who was admitted to bail has contravened, or is about to contravene, a notice referred to in subsection (1) (a) or a condition of the notice, the police officer may arrest that person.
(5B)  [Section 5 Subsection (5B) inserted by No. 64 of 1994, s. 14 ][Section 5 Subsection (5B) substituted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]Where a person arrested under subsection (5A) is taken before a justice, the justice is to proceed as provided in section 34A of the Justices Act 1959 .
(5C)  [Section 5 Subsection (5C) inserted by No. 64 of 1994, s. 14 ]On the arrest of a person under subsection (5A) the bail of that person is revoked.
(5D)  [Section 5 Subsection (5D) inserted by No. 38 of 2015, s. 18, Applied:13 Oct 2015] Subsection (5C) does not apply if the person arrested is later released unconditionally.
(6)  [Section 5 Subsection (6) amended by No. 51 of 1995, s. 4 ]A sum for the purposes of subsection (2) (b) is not to be more than is, in the opinion of the person admitting a person to bail under section 34 of the Justices Act 1959 or section 4 (3) of the Criminal Law (Detention and Interrogation) Act 1995 , sufficient to ensure that that person will appear before justices as specified in the notice.
(7)  Money deposited under subsection (2) on the admission of a person to bail is to be paid to the clerk of petty sessions for the court held at the place specified in the notice.
PART 3 - Orders for Bail

6.   Application of this Part

This Part applies to an order for, or with respect to, bail made by a judicial officer.

7.   Conditions to which bail is subject

(1)  In this section, authorized person means –
(a) a justice; or
(ab) [Section 7 Subsection (1) amended by No. 29 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:05 Sep 2017] the Registrar of the Supreme Court; or
(ac) [Section 7 Subsection (1) amended by No. 29 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:05 Sep 2017] an officer of the Supreme Court appointed in writing by the Registrar of the Supreme Court; or
(b) [Section 7 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 9, Applied:20 Jun 2013] an associate to a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court; or
(c) a clerk to a justice; or
(d) a clerk of petty sessions; or
(e) an officer of a court of petty sessions appointed in writing by a clerk of petty sessions; or
(f) where the person admitted to bail is in prison, a person for the time being in charge of the prison; or
(g) [Section 7 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 9, Applied:20 Jun 2013] a person appointed by a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court in a particular case; or
(h) such other person as the Governor may, by order, appoint.
(2)  [Section 7 Subsection (2) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 9, Applied:20 Jun 2013] [Section 7 Subsection (2) amended by No. 61 of 1999, Sched. 1, Applied:24 Nov 1999] On the making of an order for bail, the person making that order may require the person admitted to bail to sign a document that specifies the terms of that order and, if the person does so require that signature, the person admitted to bail–
(a) [Section 7 Subsection (2) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 9, Applied:20 Jun 2013] must go to such place as the person making that order may specify and remain at that place for such time as may be necessary for the person admitted to bail to be provided with a document in the prescribed form specifying the terms of the order for bail; and
(b) must not be released from custody until that person signs a document referred to in paragraph (a) in the presence of an authorized person acknowledging the terms of the order and that the person admitted to bail is bound by those terms.
(3)  [Section 7 Subsection (3) amended by No. 62 of 2000, Sched. 1, Applied:14 Nov 2000] It is a condition of an order for bail, except an order made under section 117A (2) of the Justices Act 1959 , that the person admitted to bail must, unless otherwise ordered by a judicial officer, appear and surrender to the order of the court at the time and place specified in the order and to which, during the course of the subsequent proceedings, the hearing may from time to time be adjourned or to which the person may be remanded.
(3A)  [Section 7 Subsection (3A) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 9, Applied:20 Jun 2013] [Section 7 Subsection (3A) amended by No. 13 of 2012, s. 8, Applied:30 May 2012] [Section 7 Subsection (3A) inserted by No. 43 of 2006, s. 6, Applied:18 Dec 2006] Notwithstanding subsection (3) , a person admitted to bail to appear in the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court is not required to appear in court at the time and place specified in an order, or to which the hearing may from time to time be adjourned, if he or she is advised in writing by a Crown Law Officer, within the meaning of section 1 of the Criminal Code , that his or her attendance is not required until a later date, but he or she must appear on the last date so advised.
(4)  An order for bail may be made subject to such other conditions as the judicial officer thinks desirable in the interests of justice and any such other condition may be expressed to take effect either before or after the person admitted to bail is released from custody.
(5)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (4) , an order for bail may be made on condition that –
(a) a person must deposit a specified amount of money to be forfeited to the Crown if the person admitted to bail fails to appear before a court as required by subsection (3) or fails to comply with a condition of the order for bail; or
(b) [Section 7 Subsection (5) amended by No. 38 of 2015, s. 19, Applied:13 Oct 2015] one or more suitable persons (other than the person admitted to bail) must enter into a recognizance in the prescribed form before an authorized person to forfeit a specified amount of money if the person admitted to bail fails to appear before a court as required by subsection (3) or fails to comply with a condition of the order for bail; or
(c) [Section 7 Subsection (5) amended by No. 38 of 2015, s. 19, Applied:13 Oct 2015] the person admitted to bail be assessed for his or her suitability for participation in an intervention program, provided that the person consents to such an assessment; or
(d) [Section 7 Subsection (5) amended by No. 38 of 2015, s. 19, Applied:13 Oct 2015] subject to subsection (5A) , the person admitted to bail undertake an intervention program.
(5A)  [Section 7 Subsection (5A) inserted by No. 38 of 2015, s. 19, Applied:13 Oct 2015] Before imposing a condition under subsection (5)(d) , the court must satisfy itself that –
(a) the person consents to the imposition of such a condition; and
(b) the person is eligible for the services to be included in the program; and
(c) the intervention program is available for the person to participate in at a suitable place and time.
(6)  A recognizance referred to in subsection (5) may require a suitable person to give security in such terms or in such manner as a judicial officer may order to better secure compliance with the recognizance.

8.   Effect of bail order

(1)  Subject to this Act, a person who is admitted to bail is entitled, after compliance with the requirements specified in section 7 (2) and any conditions of the order for bail expressed to take effect before the release of that person, to be released from custody and to remain at liberty in accordance with that order.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not entitle a person to be released if he or she may be otherwise lawfully held in custody.

9.   Contravention, &c., of condition of bail order to be offence

[Section 9 Amended by No. 65 of 2007, s. 7, Applied:01 Jan 2008] A person who has been admitted to bail and who, without reasonable cause, contravenes the requirements specified in section 7 (2) or any condition of an order for bail that has effect after the release of that person from custody is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding 20 penalty units or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or both.

10.   Power of arrest on contravention of condition of bail

(1)  Where a police officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person –
(a) has contravened –
(i) a requirement of section 7 (2) ; or
(ii) the condition specified in section 7 (3) ; or
(iii) any condition of an order for bail that has effect after the release of that person from custody; or
(iv) [Section 10 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 10, Applied:20 Jun 2013] a requirement specified in written advice given to that person in accordance with section 7(3A) ; or
(b) is about to contravene any such requirement or condition –
the police officer may arrest that person.
(2)  [Section 10 Subsection (2) substituted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 5 ]On the arrest of a person by a police officer under subsection (1) , the bail of the arrested person is suspended.
(3)  [Section 10 Subsection (3) inserted by No. 38 of 2015, s. 20, Applied:13 Oct 2015] Subsection (2) does not apply if the person arrested is later released unconditionally.

11.   Power of judicial officers to deal with arrested person

(1)  Where a person is, under section 10 , arrested and taken before a justice, the justice may restore the order for bail or may –
(a) if the arrested person is subject to an order for bail made under the Justices Act 1959
(i) revoke the order for bail and remand that person in custody pursuant to that Act; or
(ii) revoke the order for bail and make a fresh order for bail pursuant to that Act; or
(b) [Section 11 Subsection (1) amended by No. 62 of 2000, Sched. 1, Applied:14 Nov 2000] [Section 11 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 11, Applied:20 Jun 2013] if the arrested person is subject to an order for bail made by the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court or a judge or has appeared in either such Court in proceedings in respect of which the order for bail was made, remand that person in custody to appear before a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court, as the case may be, at such time, not more than 7 days after the day on which that person was arrested, and at such place as are fixed by the justice.
(2)  [Section 11 Subsection (2) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 11, Applied:20 Jun 2013] Where a person appears before a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court pursuant to a remand under subsection (1) (b) , the judge may–
(a) restore the order for bail; or
(b) revoke the order for bail and remand that person in custody; or
(c) revoke the order for bail and make a fresh order for bail for that person.
(3)  The application of this Act extends to, and in relation to, a person who is admitted to bail under subsection (1) (a) (ii) or (2) (c) .

12.   Power of judge or justice to issue warrant for arrest

[Section 12 Substituted by No. 20 of 2013, s. 12, Applied:20 Jun 2013] A judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court or a justice may issue a warrant for the arrest of a person admitted to bail who fails to appear at a court –
(a) in accordance with the order for bail; or
(b) pursuant to a requirement specified in written advice given to that person in accordance with section 7(3A) .
PART 4 - Forfeiture of Bail Money and Recognizances

13.   Application of Part 4

The application of this Part extends to money deposited for bail under section 5 (2) (b) as if it were money paid pursuant to an order for bail.

14.   Deposit of money for bail

All money payable pursuant to an order for bail is to be paid to the appropriate officer.

15.   Procedure for repayment of bail money

(1)  On the determination of the proceedings in respect of which a person has been admitted to bail the appropriate officer must, subject to subsection (2) , repay the money paid pursuant to the order for bail to the person who paid it.
(2)  Where –
(a) a person admitted to bail appears before a court in accordance with the order for bail; and
(b) that person is convicted of the offence or breach of duty in respect of which the money was deposited –
the appropriate officer must, if so ordered by a judicial officer –
(c) appropriate any money so paid by that person, or so much of it as is required, to pay on behalf of that person any fine and costs payable on conviction; or
(d) if the money deposited for bail is less than any fine or costs so payable, appropriate it in part payment of the fine or costs –
and, on making any such appropriation, must pay the balance of that money, if any, to that person.

16.   Procedure on non-appearance of person admitted to bail

(1)  [Section 16 Subsection (1) amended by No. 4 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:01 Jul 2019] If a person admitted to bail does not appear in accordance with the order for bail and the judicial officer presiding in the court in which that person is required to appear orders that the money deposited for bail by any person must be forfeited to the Crown, that money is payable to the Public Account.
(2)  If –
(a) a person admitted to bail does not appear in accordance with the order for bail; and
(b) the judicial officer does not order that the money deposited for bail by that person is to be forfeited to the Crown; and
(c) while absent, that person is convicted of the offence or breach of duty in respect of which the money was paid –
the appropriate officer must, if so ordered by the judicial officer –
(d) appropriate that money, or so much of it as is required, to pay on behalf of that person any fine or costs payable on conviction; or
(e) if the money deposited for bail is less than any fine or costs so payable, appropriate it in part payment of the fine or costs –
and, on making any such appropriation, the appropriate officer must pay the balance of that money, if any, to that person.

17.   Power to return money deposited for bail

(1)  [Section 17 Subsection (1) amended by No. 4 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:01 Jul 2019] A person whose money deposited for bail is payable to the Public Account under section 16 may–
(a) within 2 months after the failure of the person admitted to bail to appear in accordance with the order for bail; or
(b) within such further time as may be allowed by the court before which that person failed to appear–
show cause to that court why that money should be returned to that person.
(2)  The court must enquire into the circumstances of the case and, if it thinks fit, may order the return of the whole or any part of that money to that person.

18.   Procedure on order for return of money deposited for bail

[Section 18 Amended by No. 4 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:01 Jul 2019] Where an order is made for the return of money deposited for bail under section 17 , the appropriate officer must–
(a) if that money is still in the possession of the appropriate officer, deal with it in accordance with the order; or
(b) [Section 18 Amended by No. 4 of 2017, Sched. 1, Applied:01 Jul 2019] if that money has been paid to the Public Account, give to the person entitled an order for the payment of that money or so much of that money as has been ordered to be returned–
and the amount of money so specified is to be paid out of the Public Account accordingly.

19.   Forfeiture of money deposited for bail

(1)  Where a person is convicted of an offence against section 9 , the court by which that person is convicted must order –
(a) that the full amount of money ordered to be deposited is to be forfeited to the Crown; and
(b) that the amount is to be payable to the Crown within such period as the court may determine –
whether or not any application is made in the proceedings in that behalf.
(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1) , where –
(a) the convicted person shows to the satisfaction of the court –
(i) that an order for forfeiture, or for forfeiture in full, as the case may be, would cause excessive hardship to that person or the dependants of that person; and
(ii) that the hardship would not be relieved by payment of the amount to be forfeited in instalments or by postponement of that payment to a specified date; or
(b) the court is satisfied that in the circumstances of the case it is just to do so –
the court may decline to make an order under that subsection or may order forfeiture in part only.

20.   Forfeiture of recognizances

[Section 20 Amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 13, Applied:20 Jun 2013] Where a recognizance is entered into pursuant to section 7 (5) , a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Supreme Court, in a case where the person in respect of whom the recognizance is given is required to appear in either such Court, or a justice, in any other case, may–
(a) on application made in the prescribed manner to the judge or justice; and
(b) on production of the recognizance; and
(c) on proof that the person admitted to bail has failed to comply with a condition of bail; and
(d) on proof that notice of the application to the judge or justice has been served in accordance with the regulations on the person who entered into the recognizance–
order that the amount of the recognizance or such part of that amount as the judge or justice considers appropriate be forfeited to the Crown.

21.   Enforcement of orders for forfeiture of money deposited, &c.

[Section 21 Substituted by No. 20 of 2013, s. 14, Applied:20 Jun 2013] An amount or part of an amount ordered to be forfeited under section 19(1)(a) or 20 is taken to be a fine imposed by the Court that may be referred to the Director, Monetary Penalties Enforcement Services for collection and enforcement.
PART 5 - Miscellaneous

22.   Oral application for bail

(1)  A person who is charged with an offence or breach of duty or in respect of whom an application for a restraint order has been made may, on any occasion when he or she appears before the Supreme Court or a justice pursuant to an order of remand, an order of adjournment or on arrest under section 10 , apply orally –
(a) to be admitted to bail; or
(b) for a variation of a bail order to which he or she is subject.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not entitle a person to make an application for bail before a justice if he or she is in custody as a result of an arrest under section 10 arising from a breach, or a suspected breach, of an order for bail made by the Supreme Court.

23.   Application for bail or variation of conditions

(1)  A person who is charged with an offence or breach of duty or in respect of whom an application for a restraint order has been made may, at any time and without limiting the powers conferred by any other law, apply in the prescribed manner to the court in which he or she last appeared in answer to that charge or application to be admitted to bail or for variation of a condition of an order for bail made in respect of that charge or application.
(2)  Where the Supreme Court orders that the hearing of a charge or application be remitted to justices, an application under subsection (1)
(a) if it is filed before the day on which the person charged is required to appear before the justices, must be made to the Supreme Court; or
(b) if it is filed on or after that day, must be made to those justices.
(3)  [Section 23 Subsection (3) amended by No. 29 of 2018, s. 13, Applied:10 Dec 2018] [Section 23 Subsection (3) inserted by No. 51 of 1995, s. 6 ]A person admitted to bail under section 34 of the Justices Act 1959 or section 4(3), (5) or (6) of the Criminal Law (Detention and Interrogation) Act 1995 may apply, in the prescribed manner, to justices at any time before the day specified in a notice referred to in section 5 (1) (a) for variation of a condition contained in that notice.

24.   Application to revoke bail, &c.

(1)  [Section 24 Subsection (1) amended by No. 20 of 2013, s. 15, Applied:20 Jun 2013] A complainant, prosecutor, respondent to an appeal or an applicant for a restraint order may, at any time and without limiting the powers conferred by any other law, apply in the prescribed manner to the court in which a person admitted to bail has last appeared in answer to a charge, an application for a restraint order or in respect of his or her appeal for an order revoking the order for bail made in respect of that charge, application or appeal or for variation or addition of a condition of an order for bail made in respect of that charge, application or appeal.
(2)  In a case where the prosecutor is not the Crown, an application under subsection (1) may be made by the Crown.
(3)  Where the Supreme Court orders that the hearing of a charge or application be remitted to justices, an application under subsection (1)
(a) if it is filed before the day on which the person charged is required to appear before the justices, must be made to the Supreme Court; or
(b) if it is filed on or after that day, must be made to those justices.

25.   Power of judicial officer to revoke or vary bail

(1)  A judicial officer may, on any occasion when a person appears before the judicial officer pursuant to an order of remand, an order of adjournment or on an application under section 23 or 24 made in the prescribed manner, add, vary or revoke a condition of the order for bail for that person or revoke the order for bail.
(2)  Where –
(a) a plea of guilty has been taken from a person admitted to bail; or
(b) a charge against any such person is found to be proved –
a judicial officer may exercise the powers conferred by subsection (1) of his or her own motion.

26.   Arrest of person admitted to bail by person bound by recognizance

(1)  A person who is bound by a recognizance under section 7 (5) and who believes on reasonable grounds that the person admitted to bail has contravened, or is about to contravene, a condition of bail may arrest that person.
(2)  On the arrest of a person under subsection (1) it is the duty of the person conducting the arrest to take the arrested person as soon as practicable before a justice.
(3)  Where a person is, under subsection (2) , arrested and taken before a justice, the justice may restore the order for bail or may –
(a) if the arrested person is subject to an order for bail made under the Justices Act 1959
(i) revoke the order for bail and remand that person in custody pursuant to that Act; or
(ii) revoke the order for bail and make a fresh order for bail pursuant to that Act; or
(b) if the arrested person is subject to an order for bail made by the Supreme Court or a judge, remand that person in custody to appear before a judge of that Court, at such time, not more than 7 days after the day on which that person was arrested, and at such place as are fixed by the justice.
(4)  Where a person appears before a judge of the Supreme Court pursuant to a remand under subsection (3) (b) , the judge may revoke the order for bail and remand that person in custody or make a fresh order for bail for that person.
(5)  A police officer who is requested by a person bound by recognizance under section 7 (5) to assist that person in arresting a person under subsection (1) of this section must do so.
(6)  The application of this Act extends to, and in relation to, a person who is admitted to bail under subsection (3) (a) (ii) or (4) .

27.   Power of court to release person bound by recognizance

A court which has ordered that a person must be bound by recognizance as mentioned in section 7 (5) (b) may, on application by that person in the prescribed manner, release that person from that recognizance.

28.   Evidentiary provision

In any proceedings –
(a) a document purporting to be a copy of a notice handed to a person on admission to bail as mentioned in subsection (1) of section 5 and to be endorsed and signed as mentioned in that subsection is evidence –
(i) that the endorsement was signed by the person whose signature it purports to be; and
(ii) that the notice was handed to the person specified in the notice on his or her release from custody; and
(b) a document purporting to specify the terms of an order for bail as mentioned in section 7 (2) (a) and to be signed by the person admitted to bail is evidence of the fact that the person specified in the document was admitted to bail on those terms.

29.   Regulations

(1)  The Governor may make regulations for the purposes of this Act.
(2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) , the regulations may make provision for, or with respect to –
(a) the approval of persons entering into recognizances referred to in section 7 (5) (b) ; and
(b) the approval of security to be given by persons admitted to bail or persons entering into any such recognizance; and
(c) the service of notices of application under this Act and the procedure for any such application; and
(d) the procedure to be followed where a person admitted to bail fails to appear in accordance with the terms of the order for bail; and
(e) the enforcement of recognizances referred to in section 7 (5) (b) .

30.   Transitional provisions

(1)  In this section, commencement day means the day on which this Act commences.
(2)  This Act applies to an appearance in court for an offence or breach of duty or in connection with an application for a restraint order –
(a) by a person arrested on or after the commencement day; and
(b) by a person who before that day was arrested for an offence or breach of duty or to facilitate the making of any such application if, on or after that day, he or she may be ordered to be detained in custody for that offence or breach of duty or to facilitate the making of that application.
(3)  A grant or refusal of bail to a person before the commencement day for an appearance in court on or after that day is not affected by this Act, and continues to be governed, including all matters relating to, and arising directly or indirectly from, that grant or refusal, by the law in force immediately before that day but, on that appearance, this Act applies in respect of any further appearance relating to the relevant offence, breach of duty or application.
(4)  Where –
(a) an order for bail made under the Justices Act 1959 was in force immediately before the commencement day; and
(b) that order was subject to a condition imposed or varied by the Supreme Court –
that order for bail continues to have effect as if it had been made subject to that condition pursuant to that Act as in force on that day.

31.   Administration of Act

Until provision is made in relation to this Act by order made under section 4 of the Administrative Arrangements Act 1990
(a) the administration of this Act is assigned to the Minister for Justice; and
(b) the Department responsible to the Minister for Justice in relation to the administration of this Act is the Department of Justice.