Civil Liability Act 2002
An Act to effect civil liability reforms
[Royal Assent 19 December 2002]
This Act may be cited as the Civil Liability Act 2002 .
This Act commences on a day to be proclaimed.
In this Act,personal injury includes any disease and any impairment of the physical or mental condition of a person.
(1) Parts 2 , 3 and 4 do not apply to a cause of action accrued before the commencement of this Act.(2) Part 5 applies to a cause of action accrued before the commencement of this Act.
(1) If it is established that the person whose death, injury or damage is the subject of proceedings for the recovery of damages was, at the time of the act or omission that caused the death, injury or damage, intoxicated to the extent that the person's capacity to exercise due care and skill was impaired, it is to be presumed that the person was contributorily negligent unless the court is satisfied that the person's intoxication did not contribute in any way to the cause of the death, injury or damage.(2) If there is a presumption of contributory negligence, the court is to assess damages on the basis that the damages to which the person would be entitled in the absence of contributory negligence are to be reduced on account of contributory negligence by 25% or a greater or lesser percentage determined by the court to be appropriate in the circumstances of the case.(3) The onus of satisfying the court that damages ought to be reduced on account of contributory negligence by a percentage of less than 25% is on the person whose death, injury or damage is the subject of the proceedings for the recovery of damages.(4) This section does not apply in a case where the court is satisfied that the intoxication was not self-induced.(5) Subject to subsection (6) , a reference in this section to a person being "intoxicated" is a reference to a person being under the influence of alcohol or a drug (whether or not taken for a medicinal purpose and whether or not lawfully taken).(6) A person who has taken a drug for a medicinal purpose is not to be taken to be intoxicated for the purposes of this section if the person satisfies the court that he or she was not aware of the effect of the drug taken.
(1) A court is not to award damages if the court is satisfied that (a) the person whose death, injury or damage is the subject of the proceedings was, at the time of the incident that resulted in the death, injury or damage, engaged in conduct that (on the balance of probabilities) constitutes a serious offence; and(b) the conduct contributed materially to the risk of the death, injury or damage that was suffered.(2) This section operates whether or not a person whose conduct is alleged to constitute an offence has been, will be or is capable of being proceeded against or convicted of any offence relating to the conduct.(3) In this section,serious offence means an offence punishable by imprisonment for a term greater than 6 months.
(1) An apology made by or on behalf of a person in connection with any matter alleged to have been caused by the fault of the person (2) Evidence of an apology made by or on behalf of a person in connection with any matter alleged to have been caused by the fault of the person is not admissible in any civil proceedings as evidence of the fault or liability of the person in connection with that matter.(3) In this section,apology means an expression of sympathy or regret, or of a general sense of benevolence or compassion, in connection with any matter, which does not contain an admission of fault in connection with the matter.
(1) A court may, on the application of the parties to a claim for damages for personal injury or death of a person, make an order approving of, or in the terms of, a structured settlement even though the payment of damages is not in the form of a lump sum award of damages.(2) For the purposes of this section, astructured settlement is an agreement that provides for the payment of all or part of an award of damages in the form of periodic payments funded by an annuity or other agreed means.
Nothing in this Act affects a right to compensation under the Workers Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988 or to scheduled benefits under the Motor Accidents (Liabilities and Compensation) Act 1973 .
Until provision is made in relation to this Act by order under section 4 of the Administrative Arrangements Act 1990
[Second reading presentation speech made in:
House of Assembly on 22 OCTOBER 2002
Legislative Council on 27 NOVEMBER 2002]