Road Rules 2009


Tasmanian Crest
Road Rules 2009

I, the Governor in and over the State of Tasmania and its Dependencies in the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Executive Council, make the following rules under section 31A of the Traffic Act 1925 .

16 November 2009

Peter G. Underwood

Governor

By His Excellency's Command,

G. L. Sturges

Minister for Infrastructure

PART 1 - Introductory
Division 1 - Road Rules

1.   Short title

These rules may be cited as the Road Rules 2009 or the Road Rules.

2.   Commencement

These rules take effect on 30 November 2009.

3.   Object of the Road Rules

[Rule 3 Substituted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] The objects of the Road Rules are to –
(a) provide road rules in this jurisdiction that are essentially uniform with road rules elsewhere in Australia for all road users; and
(b) specify behaviour for all road users that supports the safe and efficient use of roads in Australia.
Division 2 - Some features of the Road Rules

4.   Definitions: the dictionary, &c.

(1)  The dictionary towards the end of the Road Rules defines certain words and expressions, and includes references to certain words and expressions defined elsewhere in the Rules (signpost definitions).

Example

The signpost definition "road-related area see rule 13" means that the expression road-related area is defined in rule 13 of the Road Rules.

Note: The dictionary only includes a signpost definition for a word or expression if the word or expression is used in 2 or more rules of the Road Rules.

(2)  The dictionary is part of the Road Rules.
(3)  A definition in the Road Rules applies to each use of the word or expression in the Rules, unless the contrary intention appears.

5.   Diagrams

A diagram in the Road Rules is part of the Rules.

Note 1: If a diagram of a traffic control device, traffic-related item or symbol is in black and white in a rule of the Road Rules, the diagram may be a black and white version of the device, item or symbol – see rule 314. If so, the colour version of the device, item or symbol will be in Schedule 2 or 4 .

Note 2: A diagram may be an example – see rule 6(1) .

6.   Examples

(1)  An example (whether or not in the form of a diagram) in the Road Rules is part of the Rules.
(2)  If the Road Rules includes an example of the operation of a provision of the Rules –
(a) the example is not exhaustive; and
(b) the example does not limit, but may extend, the meaning of the provision.

7.   Headings

A heading to a Part, Division, Schedule, rule or any other provision of the Road Rules is part of the Rules.

8.   Notes

A note in the Road Rules is explanatory and is not part of the Rules.

9.   Reader’s Guide

Any Reader’s Guide attached to the Road Rules is not part of the Rules.

10.   Offences

(1)  The word "Penalty" in a rule of the Road Rules (or, if the rule has 2 or more subrules, in a subrule) indicates that a contravention of the rule (or subrule) is an offence.
(2)  The penalty for an offence is the penalty specified after that word.
PART 2 - Application of the Road Rules
Division 1 - Roads and road-related areas

11.   Road Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road-related areas

(1)  The Road Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road-related areas.

Note: Road is defined in rule 12 , road-related area is defined in rule 13 , road user is defined in rule 14 and vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

(2)  Each reference in the Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road includes a reference to a road-related area, unless otherwise expressly stated in the Rules.

Examples for subrule (2)

1. A reference in rule 146 (which deals with driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic) to the road includes a reference to the road-related area of the road.

2. A reference in rule 200(1) (which deals with certain heavy or long vehicles stopping on roads) to a length of road includes a reference to the road-related area of the length of road.

3. A reference in rule 31 (which deals with starting a right turn from a road, except a multi-lane road) to a road does not include a reference to a road-related area, because of the definition in subrule (5) of that rule.

12.   What is a road

(1)  A road is an area that is open to or used by the public and is developed for, or has as one of its main uses, the driving or riding of motor vehicles.

Note: Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  However, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in the Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road does not include a reference to –
(a) an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road for the Road Rules; or
(b) any shoulder of the road.
(3)  The shoulder of the road includes any part of the road that is not designed to be used by motor vehicles in travelling along the road, and includes –
(a) for a kerbed road – any part of the kerb; and
(b) for a sealed road – any unsealed part of the road, and any sealed part of the road outside an edge line on the road –
but does not include a bicycle path, footpath or shared path.

Note: Bicycle path is defined in rule 239 , edge line and footpath are defined in the dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

13.   What is a road-related area

(1)  A road-related area is any of the following:
(a) an area that divides a road;
(b) a footpath or nature strip adjacent to a road;
(c) an area that is not a road and that is open to the public and designated for use by cyclists or animals;
(d) an area that is not a road and that is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking vehicles.

Note: Vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

(2)  However, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in the Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road-related area includes a reference to –
(a) an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road-related area for the Road Rules; or
(b) any shoulder of a road; or
(c) any other area that is a footpath or nature strip as defined in the dictionary –
but does not include a reference to an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road-related area for the Road Rules.

Note: Shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Division 2 - Road users and vehicles

14.   Road users

A road user is a driver, rider, passenger or pedestrian.

Note: Driver is defined in rule 16 , pedestrian is defined in rule 18 , and rider is defined in rule 17.

15.   What is a vehicle

A vehicle includes –
(a) a motor vehicle, trailer and tram; and
(b) a bicycle; and
(c) an animal-drawn vehicle, and an animal that is being ridden or drawing a vehicle; and
(d) a combination; and
(e) a motorised wheelchair that can travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground) –
but does not include another kind of wheelchair, a train, or a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

Note: Various terms mentioned in this rule are defined in the dictionary.

16.   Who is a driver

(1)  A driver is the person who is driving a vehicle (except a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal-drawn vehicle).

Note 1: Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

Note 2: Drive includes be in control of – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  However, a driver does not include a person pushing a motorised wheelchair.

Note: Wheelchair is defined in the dictionary.

17.   Who is a rider

(1)  A rider is the person who is riding a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal-drawn vehicle.

Note 1: Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Ride, for the rider of a motor bike or animal-drawn vehicle, includes be in control of – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  A rider does not include –
(a) a passenger; or
(b) a person walking beside and pushing a bicycle.

18.   Who is a pedestrian

A pedestrian includes –
(a) a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground); and
(b) a person in a non-motorised wheelchair; and
(c) a person pushing a motorised or non-motorised wheelchair; and
(d) a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

Note: Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

19.   References to driver includes rider, &c.

Unless otherwise expressly stated in the Road Rules, each reference in the Rules (except in this Division) to a driver includes a reference to a rider, and each reference in the Rules (except in this Division) to driving includes a reference to riding.
PART 3 - Speed-limits

20.   Obeying the speed-limit

A driver must not drive at a speed over the speed-limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 20 penalty units.

Note 1: The rules about speed-limits are as follows:

rule 21  – speed-limit where a speed-limit sign applies

rule 22  – speed-limit in a speed-limited area

rule 23  – speed-limit in a school zone

rule 24  – speed-limit in a shared zone

rule 25  – speed-limit elsewhere.

Note 2: Road includes a road-related area – see rule 11(2) .

Note 3: Length of road includes a marked lane, a part of a marked lane, or another part of a length of road – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 4: Division 2 of Part 20 deals with the way in which a traffic sign applies to a length of road. Division 3 of Part 20 deals with the way in which the traffic sign applies to drivers driving on the length of road.

Note 5: If a driver contravenes this rule by driving at a speed that is 38km/h or more in excess of the applicable speed-limit, additional penalties may apply – see Division 3A of Part 3 of the Vehicle and Traffic Act 1999 .

21.   Speed-limit where a speed-limit sign applies

(1)  The speed-limit applying to a driver for a length of road to which a speed-limit sign applies is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the sign.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  However, if the number on the speed-limit sign is over 100 and the driver is driving a bus with a GVM over 5 tonnes, or another vehicle with a GVM over 12 tonnes, the speed-limit applying to the driver for the length of road is 100 kilometres per hour.

Note 1: Bus and GVM are defined in the dictionary and vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

Note 2: Five tonnes is specified for the definition of heavy omnibus in the Australian Design Rules issued under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth.

Note 3: If the vehicle is an oversize or overmass vehicle, the vehicle may be restricted to a lower speed-limit under another law of this jurisdiction.

(3)  A speed-limit sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) a speed-limit sign on the road with a different number on the sign;
(b) an end speed-limit sign or speed derestriction sign on the road;
(c) if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end – the end of the road.

Note 1: T-intersection is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

Speed-limit signs

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Speed-limit sign (Standard sign)

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Speed-limit sign (Variable illuminated message sign)

Other signs

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End speed-limit sign

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Speed derestriction sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the speed-limit sign and the end speed-limit sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A speed-limit sign or end speed-limit sign may have a different number on the sign – see rule 316(4) .

22.   Speed-limit in a speed-limited area

(1)  The speed-limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a speed-limited area is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the area speed-limit sign on a road into the area, unless another speed-limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.

Examples of another speed-limit

Although an area speed-limit sign on a road into a speed-limited area may indicate a speed-limit of 60 kilometres per hour, a particular length of road in the area may have a school zone sign indicating a 40 kilometres per hour speed-limit for that length of road.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A speed-limited area is the network of roads in an area with –
(a) an area speed-limit sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and
(b) an end area speed-limit sign on each road out of the area.
(3)  In subrule (2)(a) and (b)  –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

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Area speed-limit sign

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End area speed-limit sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: An area speed-limit sign or end area speed-limit sign may have a different number on the sign – see rule 316(4) .

23.   Speed-limit in a school zone

(1)  The speed-limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a school zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the school zone sign on a road, or the road, into the zone.

Note 1: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A school zone sign may indicate that it applies only at certain times, on certain days or in certain circumstances – see rules 317 and 318 .

Note 3: This subrule applies to road-related areas in the school zone – see rule 11(2) .

(2)  A school zone is –
(a) if there is a school zone sign and an end school zone sign, or a speed-limit sign with a different number on the sign, on a road and there is no intersection on the length of road between the signs – that length of road; or
(b) if there is a school zone sign on a road that ends in a dead end and there is no intersection, nor a sign mentioned in paragraph (a) , on the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the dead end – that length of road; or
(c) in any other case – the network of roads in an area with –
(i) a school zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and
(ii) an end school zone sign, or a speed-limit sign indicating a different number, on each road out of the area.

Note: Intersection is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In subrule (2)(c)(i) and (ii)  –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

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School zone sign

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End school zone sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A school zone sign or end school zone sign may have a different number on the sign – see rule 316(4) .

24.   Speed-limit in a shared zone

(1)  The speed-limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a shared zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the shared zone sign on a road, or the road into the zone.

Note: A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone – see rule 83 .

(2)  A shared zone is –
(a) if there is a shared zone sign and an end shared zone sign on a road and there is no intersection on the length of road between the signs – that length of road; or
(b) if there is a shared zone sign on a road that ends in a dead end and there is no intersection on the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the dead end – that length of road; or
(c) a network of roads in an area with –
(i) a shared zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and
(ii) an end shared zone sign on each road out of the area; or
(d) a road-related area that is between a shared zone sign that relates to the area and an end shared zone sign that relates to the area.

Note: Intersection is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In subrule (2)(c)(i) and (ii) ,
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

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Shared zone sign

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End shared zone sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A shared zone sign may have a different number on the sign – see rule 316(4) .

25.   Speed-limit elsewhere

(1)  If a speed-limit sign does not apply to a length of road and the length of road is not in a speed-limited area, school zone or shared zone, the speed-limit applying to a driver for the length of road is the default speed-limit.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary, school zone is defined in rule 23 , shared zone is defined in rule 24 , and speed-limited area is defined in rule 22 .

(2)  The default speed-limit applying to a driver for a length of road in a built-up area is 50 kilometres per hour.

Note: Built-up area is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  [Rule 25 Subrule (3) substituted by S.R. 2013, No. 121, Applied:01 Feb 2014] The default speed-limit applying to a driver for any other length of road is –
(a) 100 kilometres per hour on a sealed length of road; and
(b) 80 kilometres per hour on an unsealed length of road.

Note: Subrule (3) has been amended and is no longer uniform with the model road rules of Australia.

(4)  [Rule 25 Subrule (4) inserted by S.R. 2013, No. 121, Applied:01 Feb 2014] In this rule –
sealed length of road means a length of road that is paved with bitumen, concrete or another smooth, bonded, weather-resistant material;
unsealed length of road includes a length of road with a compacted, or loose, gravel surface.
PART 4 - Making turns
Division 1 - Left turns

26.   Application of Division to roundabouts, road-related areas and adjacent land

(1)  This Division does not apply to a driver entering or leaving a roundabout.

Note 1: Roundabout is defined in rule 109 .

Note 2: Part 9 deals with entering and leaving a roundabout.

(2)  This Division applies to a driver turning left from a road into a road-related area or adjacent land, or from a road-related area into a road, as if the driver were turning left at an intersection.

Note 1: Adjacent land and intersection are defined in the dictionary and road-related area is defined in rule 13 . Adjacent land or a road-related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre – see the definitions.

Note 2: Rule 74 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road from a road-related area or adjacent land, and rule 75 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road-related area or adjacent land from a road. Rule 212 deals with a driver entering and leaving a median strip parking area.

Note 3: For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1) .

(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: A road-related area includes the shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

27.   Starting a left turn from a road (except a multi-lane road)

(1)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a road (except a multi-lane road) must approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(1A)  Subrule (1) also applies to a rider of a bicycle who approaches and enters an intersection from a bicycle storage area.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

(1B)  Despite subrule (1) , if there is space in a bicycle storage area for 2 riders of bicycles to be next to each other, the rider on the right may approach and enter the intersection as near as practicable to the right side of the other rider, but only if that other rider approaches and enters the intersection in accordance with this rule.
(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note 1: Intersection and multi-lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Road-related area includes any shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

Example

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Starting a left turn from a road (except a multi-lane road)

28.   Starting a left turn from a multi-lane road

(1)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a multi-lane road must approach and enter the intersection from within the left lane unless –
(a) the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane under rule 88(1) , rule 92 or rule 159 ; or
(b) the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17 ; or
(c) subrule (1A) or (2) applies to the driver.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: B lights, intersection, marked lane, multi-lane road, public bus and traffic arrows are defined in the dictionary, and left lane is defined in subrule (3) .

Note 2: Rule 88(1) deals with left turn only signs, rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows, and rule 159 deals with traffic signs requiring particular kinds of vehicles to drive in an indicated marked lane.

Note 3: Division 2 of Part 17 provides for priority to be given to public buses at intersections with B lights or a white traffic arrow.

Example for subrule (1)(a)

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Starting a left turn on a multi-lane road with traffic lane arrows as required or permitted under rule 92

(1A)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a multi-lane road that has a slip lane must approach and enter the intersection –
(a) from within the slip lane; or
(b) if there is an obstruction that prevents the driver from entering the intersection from within the slip lane – from within the left lane.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Obstruction and slip lane are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver may approach and enter the intersection from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the intersection; and
(d) it is not practicable for the driver to turn left from within the left lane; and
(e) the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn left at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

Note 3: Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Example

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Long vehicle turning left from the left lane and next marked lane

(2A)  If there is a bicycle storage area before an intersection that extends across one or more marked lanes of a multi-lane road, a rider of a bicycle turning left must approach and enter the intersection from within the part of the bicycle storage area that is directly in front of the left marked lane or of a bicycle lane that is on the left side of the road.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
left lane means –
(a) the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road; or
(b) if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane – the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.
marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

Note 1: Special purpose lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 95 deals with driving in an emergency stopping lane and Division 6 of Part 11 deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

Note for diagrams: These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

29.   Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line

(1)  If a driver is turning left at an intersection and there is a turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn as indicated by the turn line unless –
(a) the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17 ; or
(b) subrule (2) applies to the driver.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: B lights, intersection, traffic arrows and turn line are defined in the dictionary.

Example

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Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line

(2)  A driver may turn left at an intersection other than as indicated by a turn line if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) it is not practicable for the driver to turn left as indicated by the turn line; and
(d) the driver can safely turn left other than as indicated by the turn line.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

Note 3: Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

Note for diagrams: These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

Division 2 - Right turns

30.   Application of Division to certain right turns

(1)  This Division does not apply to –
(a) a driver turning right at an intersection where there is a hook turn only sign; or
(b) the rider of a bicycle making a hook turn under Division 3 ; or
(c) a driver making a U-turn; or
(d) a driver entering or leaving a roundabout.

Note 1: Bicycle, intersection and U-turn are defined in the dictionary and roundabout is defined in rule 109 .

Note 2: Division 3 of this Part deals with hook turns, Division 4 deals with U-turns and Part 9 deals with entering and leaving a roundabout.

Note 3: For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2) .

(2)  This Division applies to a driver turning right from a road into a road-related area or adjacent land, or from a road-related area into a road, as if the driver were turning right at an intersection.

Note 1: Adjacent land is defined in the dictionary and road-related area is defined in rule 13 . Adjacent land or a road-related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre – see the definitions.

Note 2: Rule 74 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road from a road-related area or adjacent land, and rule 75 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road-related area or adjacent land from a road. Rule 212 deals with a driver entering and leaving a median strip parking area.

(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: A road-related area includes the shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

31.   Starting a right turn from a road (except a multi-lane road)

(1)  A driver turning right at an intersection from a road (except a multi-lane road) must approach and enter the intersection in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Intersection and multi-lane road are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the road has a dividing line or median strip, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the dividing line or median strip.

Note: Dividing line and median strip are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If the road does not have a dividing line or median strip and is not a one-way road, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the centre of the road.

Note: Centre of the road and one-way road are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  If the road is a one-way road, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far right side of the road.
(4A)  Subrules (2) , (3) and (4) also apply to a rider of a bicycle who approaches and enters an intersection from a bicycle storage area.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

(4B)  Despite subrules (2) , (3) and (4) , if there is space in a bicycle storage area for 2 riders of bicycles to be next to each other, the rider on the left may approach and enter the intersection as near as practicable to the left side of the other rider, but only if that other rider approaches and enters the intersection in accordance with this rule.
(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area includes any shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

Examples

Example 1

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Starting a right turn from a road with a dividing line

Example 2

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Starting a right turn from a one-way road

32.   Starting a right turn from a multi-lane road

(1)  A driver turning right at an intersection from a multi-lane road must approach and enter the intersection from within the right lane unless –
(a) the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane in accordance with rule 89(1) or rule 92 or rule 159 ; or
(b) the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17 ; or
(c) subrule (2) applies to the driver.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: B lights, intersection, marked lane, multi-lane road, public bus and traffic arrows are defined in the dictionary, and right lane is defined in subrule (3) .

Note 2: Rule 89(1) deals with right turn only signs, rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows, and rule 159 deals with traffic signs requiring particular kinds of vehicles to drive in an indicated marked lane.

Note 3: Division 2 of Part 17 provides for priority to be given to public buses at intersections with B lights or a white traffic arrow.

Example for subrule (1)(a)

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Starting a right turn on a multi-lane road with traffic lane arrows as required or permitted under rule 92

(2)  A driver may approach and enter the intersection from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the intersection; and
(d) it is not practicable for the driver to turn right from within the right lane; and
(e) the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn right at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

Note 3: Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

(2A)  If there is a bicycle storage area before an intersection that extends across one or more marked lanes of a multi-lane road, a rider of a bicycle turning right (but not making a hook turn) must approach and enter the intersection from within the part of the bicycle storage area that is directly in front of the right marked lane or of a bicycle lane that is on the right side of the road.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive;
right lane means –
(a) the marked lane nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road; or
(b) if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane – the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

Note 1: Dividing line, median strip, obstruction and special purpose lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 95 deals with driving in an emergency stopping lane and Division 6 of Part 11 deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

Note for diagrams: These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

33.   Making a right turn

(1)  A driver turning right at an intersection must make the turn in accordance with this rule unless –
(a) the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17 ; or
(b) subrule (4) applies to the driver.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: B lights, intersection and traffic arrows are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If there is a turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn as indicated by the turn line.

Note: Turn line is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If there is no turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn so the driver –
(a) passes as near as practicable to the right of the centre of the intersection; and
(b) turns into the left of the centre of the road the driver is entering, unless the driver is entering a one-way road.

Note: Centre of the road is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Making a right turn as indicated by turn lines

Example 2

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Making a right turn from a road with no turn lines indicating how to make the turn

(4)  A driver may turn right other than as indicated by a turn line if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) it is not practicable for the driver to turn right as indicated by the turn line; and
(d) the driver can safely make the turn other than as indicated by the turn line.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

Note 3: Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

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Do not overtake turning vehicle sign

Note for diagrams: These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

Division 3 - Hook turns at intersections

34.   Making a hook turn at a hook turn only sign

(1)  A driver turning right at an intersection with traffic lights and a hook turn only sign must turn right by making a hook turn in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  To make a hook turn, the driver must take, in sequence, each of the following steps:

1. Approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road that the driver is leaving.

2. Move forward, keeping as near as practicable to the left of the intersection and clear of any marked foot crossing, until the driver is as near as practicable to the far side of the road that the driver is entering.

3. Remain at the position reached under step 2 until the traffic lights on the road that the driver is entering change to green.

4. Turn right into that road.

Note: Marked foot crossing is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

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Hook turn only

Example

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Making a hook turn at a hook turn only sign

35.   Optional hook turn by a bicycle rider

(1)  The rider of a bicycle turning right at an intersection without a hook turn only sign, or a no hook turn by bicycles sign, may turn right at the intersection by making a right turn under Division 2 or a hook turn under this rule.

Note: Bicycle and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The rider must make a hook turn under this rule in accordance with subrule (3) .

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  To make a hook turn under this rule, the rider must take, in sequence, each of the following steps:

1. Approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road that the rider is leaving.

2. Move forward –

(a) keeping as near as practicable to the far left side of the intersection; and

(b) keeping clear of any marked foot crossing; and

(c) keeping clear, as far as practicable, of any driver turning left from the left of the intersection –

until the rider is as near as practicable to the far side of the road that the rider is entering.

3. If there are traffic lights at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the traffic lights on the road that the rider is entering change to green.

4. If there are no traffic lights at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the rider has given way to approaching drivers on the road that the rider is leaving.

5. Turn right into the road that the rider is entering.

Note: Approaching and marked foot crossing are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  To make a hook turn under this rule at an intersection that has a bicycle hook turn storage area on the left side of the intersection as the rider approaches the intersection, the rider must take the following initial 2 steps instead of the initial 2 steps listed in subrule (3) :

1. Approach the intersection from the far left side of the road the rider is leaving and enter the intersection by moving into the bicycle hook turn storage area, keeping clear of any marked foot crossing.

2. Move forward in the bicycle hook turn storage area until the rider is as near as practicable to the far side of the road that the rider is entering.

Note: Bicycle hook turn storage area is defined in the dictionary.

Example

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Bicycle rider making a hook turn at an intersection without traffic lights

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Bicycle rider making a hook turn at an intersection without traffic lights

36.   Bicycle rider making a hook turn contrary to no hook turn by bicycles sign

The rider of a bicycle must not make a hook turn at an intersection that has a no hook turn by bicycles sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

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No hook turn by bicycles sign

Division 4 - U-turns

Note
: U-turn is defined in the dictionary.

37.   Beginning a U-turn

A driver must not begin a U-turn unless –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) the driver can safely make the U-turn without unreasonably obstructing the free movement of traffic.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Approaching traffic means traffic approaching from any direction – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2: Traffic is defined in the dictionary.

38.   Giving way when making a U-turn

A driver making a U-turn must give way to all vehicles and pedestrians.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary stop, to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

39.   Making a U-turn contrary to a no U-turn sign

(1)  A driver must not make a U-turn at a break in a dividing strip on a road if there is a no U-turn sign at the break in the dividing strip.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(5) and (6) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a break in a dividing strip.

(2)  A driver must not make a U-turn on a length of road to which a no U-turn sign applies.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A no U-turn sign on a road (except a no U-turn sign at an intersection or at a break in a dividing strip) applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following:
(a) the next intersection on the road;
(b) if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end – the end of the road.

Note 1: Intersection and T-intersection are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

No U-turn signs

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No U-turn sign (Standard sign)

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No U-turn sign (Variable illuminated message sign)

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of each of these no U-turn signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

40.   Making a U-turn at an intersection with traffic lights

A driver must not make a U-turn at an intersection with traffic lights unless there is a U-turn permitted sign at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

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U-turn permitted sign

41.   Making a U-turn at an intersection without traffic lights

A driver must not make a U-turn at an intersection without traffic lights if there is a no U-turn sign at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: U-turns are permitted at intersections without traffic lights unless there is a no U-turn sign, even though traffic lane arrows indicate that the driver must or may turn right – see rule 92 .

42.   Starting a U-turn at an intersection

A driver making a U-turn at an intersection must start the U-turn –
(a) if the road where the driver is turning has a dividing line or median strip – from the marked lane nearest, or as near as practicable, to the dividing line or median strip; or
(b) in any other case – from the left of the centre of the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Centre of the road, dividing line, intersection, marked lane and median strip are defined in the dictionary.

Example

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Starting a U-turn on a road with a median strip

43.   Rule left blank

This rule has been left blank so as to preserve uniformity with other jurisdictions with regard to numbering of rules.
PART 5 - Change of direction and stop signals
Division 1 - Change of direction signals

44.   Division does not apply to entering or leaving a roundabout

This Division does not apply to a driver entering, in or leaving a roundabout.

Note: Part 9 deals with giving change of direction signals when entering or leaving a roundabout.

45.   What is changing direction

(1)  A driver changes direction if the driver changes direction to the left or the driver changes direction to the right.
(2)  A driver changes direction to the left by doing any of the following:
(a) turning left;
(b) changing marked lanes to the left;
(c) diverging to the left;
(d) entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the left;
(e) moving to the left from a stationary position;
(f) turning left into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area;
(g) at a T-intersection where the continuing road curves to the right – leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

Note 1: Marked lane and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1) .

(3)  A driver changes direction to the right by doing any of the following:
(a) turning right;
(b) changing marked lanes to the right;
(c) diverging to the right;
(d) entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the right;
(e) moving to the right from a stationary position;
(f) turning right into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area;
(g) making a U-turn;
(h) at a T-intersection where the continuing road curves to the left – leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

Note 1: U-turn is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2) .

Examples for subrules 2(g) and (3)(h)

Example 1

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Driver indicating change of direction at a T-intersection where the continuing road curves to the right and the driver is proceeding straight ahead onto the terminating road

Example 2

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Driver indicating change of direction at a T-intersection where the continuing road curves to the left and the driver is proceeding straight ahead onto the terminating road

46.   Giving a left change of direction signal

(1)  Before a driver changes direction to the left, the driver must give a left change of direction signal in accordance with rule 47 for long enough to comply with subrule (2) and, if subrule (3) applies to the driver, that subrule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Changes direction to the left is defined in rule 45(2) .

(2)  The driver must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.
(3)  If the driver is about to change direction by moving from a stationary position at the side of the road or in a median strip parking area, the driver must give the change of direction signal for at least 5 seconds before the driver changes direction.

Note: Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver completes the change of direction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(5)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

47.   How to give a left change of direction signal

The driver of a vehicle must give a left change of direction signal by operating the vehicle’s left direction indicator lights.

48.   Giving a right change of direction signal

(1)  Before a driver changes direction to the right, the driver must give a right change of direction signal in accordance with rule 49 for long enough to comply with subrule (2) and, if subrule (3) applies to the driver, that subrule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Changes direction to the right is defined in rule 45(3) .

(2)  The driver must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.
(3)  If the driver is about to change direction by moving from a stationary position at the side of the road or in a median strip parking area, the driver must give the change of direction signal for at least 5 seconds before the driver changes direction.

Note: Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

(3A)  Subrule (3) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle that is stopped in traffic but not parked.
(4)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver completes the change of direction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(5)  This rule does not apply to –
(a) the driver of a tram that is not fitted with direction indicator lights; or
(b) the rider of a bicycle making a hook turn.

Note 1: Bicycle and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rules 34 and 35 deal with bicycles making hook turns.

49.   How to give a right change of direction signal

(1)  The driver of a vehicle must give a right change of direction signal by operating the vehicle’s right direction indicator lights.
(2)  However, if the vehicle’s direction indicator lights are not in working order or are not clearly visible, or the vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights, the driver must give the change of direction signal by giving a hand signal in accordance with rule 50 , or using a mechanical signalling device fitted to the vehicle.

Note: Mechanical signalling device is defined in the dictionary.

50.   How to give a right change of direction signal by giving a hand signal

To give a hand signal for changing direction to the right, the driver must extend the right arm and hand horizontally and at right angles from the right side of the vehicle, with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

Example

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Giving a hand signal for changing direction to the right

51.   When use of direction indicator lights permitted

The driver of a vehicle must not operate a direction indicator light except –
(a) to give a change of direction signal when the driver is required to give the signal under the Road Rules; or
(b) as part of the vehicle’s hazard warning lights.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Rule 221 deals with the use of hazard warning lights.

Division 2 - Stop signals

52.   Division does not apply to bicycle riders or certain tram drivers

This Division does not apply to the rider of a bicycle, or the driver of a tram that is not fitted with brake lights.

Note: Bicycle and tram are defined in the dictionary.

53.   Giving a stop signal

(1)  A driver must give a stop signal in accordance with rule 54 before stopping or when suddenly slowing.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  If the driver is stopping, the driver must give the stop signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other road users.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  If the driver is slowing suddenly, the driver must give the stop signal while slowing.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

54.   How to give a stop signal

(1)  The driver of a vehicle must give a stop signal by means of the vehicle’s brake lights.
(2)  However, if the vehicle’s brake lights are not in working order or are not clearly visible, or the vehicle is not fitted with brake lights, the driver must give the stop signal by giving a hand signal in accordance with rule 55 , or using a mechanical signalling device fitted to the vehicle.

Note: Mechanical signalling device is defined in the dictionary.

55.   How to give a stop signal by giving a hand signal

(1)  To give a hand signal for stopping or suddenly slowing, the driver must extend the right arm and hand at right angles from the right side of the vehicle, with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and hand pointing upwards, and with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.
(2)  However, the rider of a motor bike may give the hand signal by extending the left arm and hand at right angles from the left side of the motor bike, with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and hand pointing upwards, and with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

Note: Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Example

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Giving a hand signal for stopping or suddenly slowing

PART 6 - Traffic lights, traffic arrows and twin red lights
Division 1 - Obeying traffic lights and traffic arrows

Note 1
: Traffic arrows and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary. Traffic arrows are a traffic control device designed to show a traffic arrow, or 2 or more traffic arrows at different times – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2
: A reference in a rule of this Part to a green, yellow or red traffic light or traffic arrow is a reference to a steady green, yellow or red traffic light or traffic arrow, unless otherwise stated in the rule – see rule 323 .

Note 3
: The rules dealing with T lights and B lights, which apply to drivers of trams and public buses, are in Part 17 .

56.   Stopping for a red traffic light or arrow

(1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a red traffic light must stop –
(a) if there is a stop line at or near the traffic lights – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or
(b) if there is a stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic lights, but no stop line – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign; or
(c) if there is no stop line or stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic lights – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic lights –
and must not proceed past the stop line, stop here on red signal sign or nearest or only traffic lights (as the case may be) until the traffic lights show a green or flashing yellow traffic light or no traffic light.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Red traffic light and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Example for subrule (1)(b)

Example 1 – 

Stopping at a stop here on red signal sign on a road the driver is entering

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In this example the driver may go straight ahead, or turn right or left, if there is a green traffic light showing at 1. However, the driver must not go beyond the stop here on red signal sign at 2 if there is a red traffic light showing on the road the driver is entering (see 2 and 3).

(1A)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note
: Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.
(2)  A driver approaching or at traffic arrows showing a red traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow must stop –
(a) if there is a stop line at or near the traffic arrows – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or
(b) if there is a stop here on red arrow sign at or near the traffic arrows, but no stop line – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign; or
(c) if there is no stop line or stop here on red arrow sign at or near the traffic arrows – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic arrows –
and must not proceed past the stop line, stop here on red arrow sign or nearest or only traffic arrows (as the case may be) until the traffic arrows show a green or flashing yellow traffic arrow or no traffic arrow.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Red traffic arrow is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: This rule only applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane if the red traffic light or red traffic arrow applies to the slip lane – see Divisions 2 and 3 of Part 20 , especially rules 330 and 345 .

Note 3: Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

Note 4: The driver of a tram or a public bus does not have to stop at traffic lights showing a red traffic light if a white T light (for trams) or a white B light (for public buses) is also showing, or a white traffic arrow is showing and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow – see rules 278 and 285 .

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Stop here on red signal sign

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Stop here on red arrow sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the stop here on red signal sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

(3)  If there is a bicycle storage area before any traffic lights referred to in subrule (1) or (2) , a reference to the stop line in subrule (1)(a) or (2)(a)  –
(a) in the case of a driver of a motor vehicle, is a reference to the first stop line that the driver comes, or came, to in approaching the lights;
(b) in the case of a rider of a bicycle, is a reference to the stop line that is nearest to the intersection.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

57.   Stopping for a yellow traffic light or arrow

(1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a yellow traffic light must stop –
(a) if there is a stop line at or near the traffic lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or
(b) if there is no stop line at or near the traffic lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the traffic lights – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic lights; or
(c) if the traffic lights are at an intersection and the driver cannot stop safely in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b) , but can stop safely before entering the intersection – before entering the intersection –
and must not proceed past the stop line or nearest or only traffic lights, or into the intersection (as the case may be), until the traffic lights show a green or flashing yellow traffic light or no traffic light.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Enter, intersection, stop line and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver approaching or at traffic arrows showing a yellow traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow must stop –
(a) if there is a stop line at or near the traffic arrows and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or
(b) if there is no stop line at or near the traffic arrows and the driver can stop safely before reaching the traffic arrows – as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic arrows; or
(c) if the traffic arrows are at an intersection and the driver cannot stop safely in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b) , but can stop safely before entering the intersection – before entering the intersection –
and must not proceed past the stop line or nearest or only traffic arrows, or into the intersection (as the case may be), until the traffic arrows show a green or flashing yellow traffic arrow or no traffic arrow.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Enter, intersection, stop line and yellow traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) are at an intersection and the driver is not able to stop safely under subrule (1) or (2) (as the case may be) and enters the intersection, the driver must leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection does not include a road-related area – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2: This rule applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane only if the yellow traffic light or yellow traffic arrow (as the case may be) applies to the slip lane – see Divisions 2 and 3 of Part 20 , especially rules 330 and 345 .

Note 3: Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop at a yellow traffic light.

(4)  If there is a bicycle storage area before any traffic lights referred to in subrule (1) or (2) , a reference to the stop line in subrule (1)(a) or (2)(a)  –
(a) in the case of a driver of a motor vehicle, is a reference to the first stop line that the driver comes, or came, to in approaching the lights;
(b) in the case of a rider of a bicycle, is a reference to the stop line that is nearest to the intersection.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

58.   Exceptions to stopping for a red or yellow traffic light

(1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a red or yellow traffic light does not have to stop if a green traffic arrow is also showing and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow.

Note: Green traffic arrow, red traffic light and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver turning at an intersection with traffic lights who approaches or is at a red traffic light on the road that the driver is entering does not have to stop for that traffic light if there is no stop line or stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic light.

Note: Intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

59.   Proceeding through a red traffic light

(1)  If traffic lights at an intersection or marked foot crossing are showing a red traffic light, a driver must not enter the intersection or marked foot crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Enter, intersection, marked foot crossing and red traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rules 56 and 57 deal with stopping for a red or yellow traffic light, and proceeding while the light remains red or yellow. Rule 60 deals with proceeding through a red traffic arrow.

(2)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note: Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.

(3)  Also, subrule (1) does not apply to a driver if rule 58(1) applies to the driver.

Note: Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

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Left turn on red after stopping sign

60.   Proceeding through a red traffic arrow

If traffic arrows at an intersection or marked foot crossing are showing a red traffic arrow, and a driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow, the driver must not enter the intersection or marked foot crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Enter, intersection, marked foot crossing and red traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rules 56 and 57 deal with stopping for a red or yellow traffic arrow.

60A.   Proceeding through a bicycle storage area before a red traffic light or arrow

(1)  If there is a bicycle storage area before traffic lights that are showing a red traffic light, a driver of a motor vehicle must not allow any part of the vehicle to enter the bicycle storage area.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle storage area, red traffic light and motor vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If there is a bicycle storage area before traffic arrows that are showing a red traffic arrow, and a driver of a motor vehicle is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow, the driver must not allow any part of the vehicle to enter the bicycle storage area.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Red traffic arrow is defined in the dictionary.

61.   Proceeding when traffic lights or arrows at an intersection change to yellow or red

(1)  This rule applies to –
(a) a driver at an intersection with traffic lights showing a green traffic light who has stopped after the stop line, stop here on red signal sign, or nearest or only traffic lights, at the intersection and is not making a hook turn at the intersection; or
(b) a driver at an intersection with traffic arrows showing a green traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow and has stopped after the stop line, stop here on red arrow sign, or nearest or only traffic arrows, at the intersection.

Example

A driver may stop after the stop line at an intersection with traffic lights showing a green traffic light, and not proceed through the intersection, because traffic is congested.

Note 1: Green traffic arrow, green traffic light, intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Hook turns are dealt with in rules 34 and 35 .

(2)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) change to yellow or red while the driver is stopped and the driver has not entered the intersection, the driver must not enter the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Enter is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note: Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.

(4)  Also, subrule (2) does not apply to a driver if rule 58(1) applies to the driver.

Note: Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

(5)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) change to yellow or red while the driver is stopped and the driver has entered the intersection, the driver must leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection does not include a road-related area – see the definition in the dictionary.

Division 2 - Giving way at traffic lights and traffic arrows

Note
: Traffic lights is defined in the dictionary.

62.   Giving way when turning at an intersection with traffic lights

(1)  A driver turning at an intersection with traffic lights must give way to –
(a) any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering; and
(b) if the driver is turning left at a left turn on red after stopping sign at the intersection –
(i) any vehicle approaching from the right, turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering or making a U-turn; and
(ii) any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is on the road the driver is leaving; and
(c) if the driver is turning right – any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, straight ahead and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe to proceed – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at an intersection.

Note 4: A driver turning left at a left turn on red after stopping sign, at an intersection with traffic lights showing a red traffic light, must stop in accordance with rule 56(1) before making the turn.

Note 5: In relation to paragraph (a) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rules 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(2)  However, a driver who is turning at an intersection with traffic arrows showing a green traffic arrow need not give way to an oncoming vehicle if the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the green traffic arrow.

Note: Green traffic arrow is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

The vehicle must give way to the pedestrian

Example 2

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Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle going straight ahead

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 3

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Driver turning right does not have to give way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the road the driver is entering using a slip lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

63.   Giving way at an intersection with traffic lights not operating or only partly operating

(1)  This rule applies to a driver at an intersection if traffic lights at the intersection are not operating, or the traffic lights are showing only a flashing yellow traffic light.

Note: Intersection and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If there is a traffic light-stop sign at the intersection, the driver must comply with rule 67 as if the sign were a stop sign at an intersection without traffic lights.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at an intersection.

Note 2: Rule 67 deals with stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights.

Note 3: There is no requirement under Division 1 of this Part for a driver to stop for a flashing yellow traffic light or traffic lights that are not operating.

(3)  If there is no traffic light-stop sign at the intersection, the driver must give way to vehicles and pedestrians at or near the intersection in accordance with rule 72 or 73 as if the intersection were an intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Give way line and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rules 72 and 73 deal with giving way at an intersection (except a roundabout) without traffic lights, or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver.

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Traffic light-stop sign

(4)  Subrule (3) does not apply if the intersection is a roundabout.

Note 1: Roundabout is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 114 requires a driver entering a roundabout to give way to any vehicle in the roundabout and to any tram that is entering or approaching the roundabout.

64.   Giving way at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection

A driver turning in the direction indicated by a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection with traffic lights must give way to –
(a) any vehicle travelling on the road the driver is entering; and
(b) any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering; and
(c) if the driver is turning right – any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, straight ahead and yellow traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: There is no requirement under Division 1 of this Part for a driver to stop for a flashing yellow traffic arrow.

Note 4: In relation to paragraph (b) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

65.   Giving way at a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic light

(1)  This rule applies to a driver approaching or at a marked foot crossing (except at or near an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic light at the crossing.

Note: Intersection, marked foot crossing and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must –
(a) [Rule 65 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] give way to any pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on the crossing; and
(b) [Rule 65 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] not obstruct any pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on the crossing; and
(c) not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way at the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note 1: Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For subrule (2) , give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(3)  [Rule 65 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] If there is no pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on the crossing, and no other vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver that is stopping, or has stopped, to give way at the crossing, the driver may proceed through the crossing.
Division 3 - Twin red lights (except at level crossings)

66.   Stopping for twin red lights (except at level crossings)

(1)  A driver approaching or at twin red lights on a road (except at a level crossing) must stop in accordance with subrules (2) and (3) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Level crossing is defined in rule 120 , and twin red lights is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic control device on a road.

Note 3: Twin red lights are generally erected at bridges, ambulance stations, fire stations or level crossings. The rules about stopping at level crossings are in Part 10 .

(2)  If there is a stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line, the driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line.

Note: Stop line is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If there is no stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the lights, the driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the lights.
(4)  If the driver stops for the lights, the driver must not proceed until the lights are not showing.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

PART 7 - Giving way

Note 1
The rules in this Part deal with giving way in most situations. In addition, other rules requiring a driver to give way include:
(a) making a U-turn – rule 38
(b) turning at traffic lights at an intersection – rule 62
(c) at an intersection with traffic lights that are not operating or only partly operating – rule 63
(d) turning at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection – rule 64
(e) at a marked foot crossing with a flashing yellow traffic light – rule 65
(f) entering and driving in a roundabout – rule 114
(g) by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout – rule 119
(h) at a stop sign at a level crossing – rule 121
(i) at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing – rule 122
(j) moving from one marked lane to another marked lane, or from one line of traffic to another line of traffic – rule 148
(k) when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic – rule 149
(l) for pedestrians crossing the road near a stopped tram – rule 164 .

Note 2
For the meaning of left and right, see rule 351(1) and (2) .
Division 1 - Giving way at a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

Note
For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver – see rules 338 to 341 .

67.   Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights

(1)  A driver at an intersection with a stop sign or stop line, but without traffic lights, must stop and give way in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary. This rule applies also to T-intersections – see the definition of intersection.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: Part 6 deals with stopping and giving way at an intersection with traffic lights.

Note 4: This rule only applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane if the stop sign or stop line applies to the slip lane – see Divisions 2 and 3 of Part 20 , especially rules 330 and 345 .

(2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching –
(a) the stop line; or
(b) if there is no stop line – the intersection.
(3)  The driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except –
(a) an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or
(b) a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or
(c) a vehicle making a U-turn.

Note: Enter, give way line, oncoming vehicle, slip lane and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U-turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.

Note: Rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(5)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T-intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.

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Stop sign

Examples

Example 1

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Stop line

Example 2

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Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to vehicles on the left and right

Vehicle B must stop and give way to each vehicle A

Example 3

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Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle at a stop sign

Vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A

Example 4

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Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign

Vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A

68.   Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at other places

(1)  A driver approaching or at a place with a stop sign or stop line must stop and give way in accordance with this rule, unless the place is –
(a) an intersection; or
(b) a children's crossing; or
(c) an area of a road that is not a children's crossing only because it does not have –
(i) children crossing flags; or
(ii) children's crossing signs and twin yellow lights; or
(d) a level crossing; or
(e) a place with twin red lights.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Examples

1. A stop sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.

2. A stop sign on an exit from a carpark where the exit joins the road.

Note 1: Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80 , intersection, stop line and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: For the stopping and giving way rules applying to a driver at an intersection or level crossing with a stop sign or stop line, see rule 67 (intersections) and rule 121 (level crossings). Rule 80 deals with stopping at a stop line at a children’s crossing.

(2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching –
(a) the stop line; or
(b) if there is no stop line – the stop sign.
(3)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the stop line or stop sign.

Examples

Example 1

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Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a break on a dividing strip

Vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Stopping and giving way at a stop sign where a carpark exit joins a road

Vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A

69.   Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at an intersection (except a roundabout)

(1)  A driver at an intersection (except a roundabout) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Give way line and intersection are defined in the dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109 . This rule also applies to T-intersections – see the definition of intersection.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  Unless the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except –
(a) an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or
(b) a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or
(c) a vehicle making a U-turn.

Note: Enter, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, stop line and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(2A)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle on the road the driver is entering, or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U-turn at the intersection); and
(b) any other vehicle or pedestrian on the slip lane.
(3)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U-turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.

Note: Rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(4)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T-intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.

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Give way sign

Examples

Example 1

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Give way line

Example 2

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Giving way at a give way sign to vehicles on the left and right

Vehicle B must give way to each vehicle A

Example 3

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Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle at a give way sign

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 4

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Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 5

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Driver turning right at a give way line does not have to give way to a vehicle turning left using a slip lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

70.   Giving way at a give way sign at a bridge or length of narrow road

[Rule 70 Amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] A driver approaching a bridge or length of narrow road with a give way sign must give way to any oncoming vehicle that is on, or approaching, the bridge or length of road when the driver reaches the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision– see the definition in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Giving way at a bridge

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Giving way at a length of narrow road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

71.   Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at other places

(1)  A driver approaching or at a place (except an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, level crossing, or a place with twin red lights) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Examples

1. A give way sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.

2. A give way sign on a road at a place where a bicycle path meets the road.

Note 1: Give way line, intersection and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: For the give way rules applying to a driver at an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, or level crossing with a give way sign or give way line, see rule 69 (intersections), rule 70 (bridges and lengths of narrow road) and rule 122 (level crossings).

(2)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the give way sign or give way line.

Examples

Example 1

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Giving way at a give way sign at a break in a dividing strip

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Giving way at a give way sign where a bicycle path meets a road

The motor vehicle must give way to the bicycle

Division 2 - Giving way at an intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

Note
: For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver – see rules 338 to 341 .

72.   Giving way at an intersection (except a T-intersection or roundabout)

(1)  A driver at an intersection (except a T-intersection or roundabout) without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Give way line, intersection, stop line, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  If the driver is going straight ahead, the driver must give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle.

Examples

Example 1

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Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Note: Straight ahead is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane), the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and
(b) any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering.

Examples

Example 3

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Driver turning left giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 4

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Driver turning left giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

The vehicle must give way to the pedestrian

Note 1: Slip lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: In relation to paragraph (b) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(4)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle approaching from the right or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U-turn at the intersection); and
(b) any pedestrian on the slip lane.

Example

Example 5

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Driver turning left using a slip lane giving way to a vehicle that is turning right into the road the driver is entering

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

(5)  If the driver is turning right, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and
(b) any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection unless –
(i) a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or
(ii) the oncoming vehicle is turning left using a slip lane; and
(c) any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering.

Note 1: Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: In relation to paragraph (c) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

Examples

Example 6

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Driver turning right giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right into the road the driver is leaving

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 7

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Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead on the road the driver is leaving

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 8

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Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the road the driver is entering

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 9

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Driver turning right giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

Vehicle must give way to pedestrian

73.   Giving way at a T-intersection

(1)  A driver at a T-intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Give way line, stop line, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: Rule 75(1)(d) requires a driver at a T-intersection to give way when crossing the continuing road to enter a road-related area or adjacent land.

(2)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) or right from the terminating road into the continuing road, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U-turn on the continuing road at the T-intersection); and
(b) any pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road at or near the intersection.

Note 1: Continuing road, slip lane and terminating road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: In relation to paragraph (b) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

Examples

Example 1

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Driver turning right from the terminating road giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the terminating road giving way to a pedestrian on the continuing road

Vehicle must give way to the pedestrian

(3)  If the driver is turning left from the terminating road into the continuing road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U-turn on the continuing road at the T-intersection); and
(b) any pedestrian on the slip lane.
(4)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.

Example

Example 3

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Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

Vehicle must give way to pedestrian

Note: Rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(5)  If the driver is turning from the continuing road into the terminating road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to –
(a) any vehicle approaching from the right (except a vehicle making a U-turn from the terminating road at the T-intersection); and
(b) any pedestrian on the slip lane.
(6)  If the driver is turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to –
(a) any oncoming vehicle that is travelling through the intersection on the continuing road or turning left at the intersection; and
(b) any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.

Note1: Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: In relation to paragraph (b) , rule 353(1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road, and rule 353(2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.

(7)  In this rule –
turning left from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the right at a T-intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road;
turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the left at a T-intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

Note: Straight ahead is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 4

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Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle travelling through the intersection on the continuing road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 5

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Driver leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead on the terminating road giving way to a vehicle travelling through the intersection on the continuing road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A. Example shows a T-intersection where the continuing road (which is marked with broken white lines) goes around a corner. Vehicle B is leaving the continuing road to enter the terminating road.

Example 6

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Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle turning left from the continuing road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 7

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Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

Vehicle must give way to pedestrian

Division 3 - Entering or leaving road-related areas and adjacent land and driving in road-related areas

74.   Giving way when entering a road from a road-related area or adjacent land

(1)  A driver entering a road from a road-related area, or adjacent land, without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to –
(a) any vehicle travelling on the road or turning into the road (except a vehicle turning right into the road from a road-related area or adjacent land); and
(b) any pedestrian on the road; and
(c) any vehicle or pedestrian on any road-related area that the driver crosses to enter the road; and
(d) for a driver entering the road from a road-related area –
(i) any pedestrian on the road-related area; and
(ii) any other vehicle ahead of the driver's vehicle or approaching from the left or right.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Adjacent land, give way line, stop line and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

Note 2: Adjacent land or a road-related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre – see the definitions of adjacent land and road-related area. Some shopping centres may include roads – see the definition of road in rule 12 .

Note 3: Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

Note 4: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: A road-related area includes any shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

Example

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Driver entering a road from a road-related area giving way to a pedestrian on the footpath and a vehicle on the road

Vehicle B must give way to the pedestrian on the footpath and to vehicle A

75.   Giving way when entering a road-related area or adjacent land from a road

(1)  A driver entering a road-related area or adjacent land from a place on a road without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to –
(a) any pedestrian on the road; and
(b) any vehicle or pedestrian on any road-related area that the driver crosses or enters; and
(c) if the driver is turning right from the road – any oncoming vehicle on the road that is going straight ahead or turning left; and
(d) if the road the driver is leaving ends at a T-intersection opposite the road-related area or adjacent land and the driver is crossing the continuing road – any vehicle on the continuing road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Adjacent land, continuing road, give way line, oncoming vehicle, stop line, straight ahead, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

Note 2: Adjacent land or a road-related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre – see the definitions of adjacent land and road-related area. Some shopping centres may include roads – see the definition of road in rule 12 .

Note 3: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 4: Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: A road-related area includes any shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

Examples

Example 1

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Driver turning right from a road into a road-related area giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead and to a pedestrian on the footpath

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A and to the pedestrian on the footpath

Example 2

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Driver crossing a continuing road at a T-intersection to enter a road-related area giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

75A.   Avoiding off-road collisions and dangers

[Rule 75A Inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014]
(1)  If 2 or more drivers are converging on the same place at such speed and in such manner that there is a reasonable likelihood that their vehicles would collide or create a dangerous situation if the drivers were to proceed to that place at that speed and in that manner, a driver having a converging vehicle on his or her right must give way to that vehicle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(2)  This rule applies only in a road-related area and does not apply to trams.

Note: Give way is defined in the dictionary, road-related area is defined in rule 13.

Division 4 - Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles

76.   Keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes, &c.

(1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Approaching, left, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, and tram lane is defined in rule 155 .

(2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks, the driver must move out of the path of the tram as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note: Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

77.   Giving way to buses

(1)  A driver driving on a length of road in a built-up area, in the left lane or left line of traffic, or in a bicycle lane on the far left side of the road, must give way to a bus in front of the driver if –
(a) the bus has stopped, or is moving slowly, at the far left side of the road, on a shoulder of the road, or in a bus-stop bay; and
(b) the bus displays a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus are operating; and
(c) the bus is about to enter or proceed in the lane or line of traffic in which the driver is driving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Built-up area, bus and length of road are defined in the dictionary, left lane and left line of traffic are defined in subrule (2) , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: The driver of the bus must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians – see rule 48(2) and (3) .

Note 4: Under rule 87(1) , a driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the side of the road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic. However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under this rule and it is safe for the bus to enter the lane, or line of traffic, in which the other vehicle is travelling – see rule 87(2) .

(2)  In this rule –
left lane, of a road, means –
(a) the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road (the first lane) or, if the first lane is a bicycle lane, the marked lane next to the first lane; or
(b) if there is an obstruction in the first lane (for example, a parked car or roadworks) and the first lane is not a bicycle lane – the marked lane next to the first lane;
left line of traffic, for a road, means the line of traffic nearest to the far left side of the road.

Note: Marked lane and obstruction are defined in the dictionary, and bicycle lane is defined in rule 153 .

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Give way to buses sign

Note for diagram: This sign is displayed on buses.

78.   Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles

(1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Approaching, emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm, the driver must move out of the path of the vehicle as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(3)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule of the Road Rules.

79.   Giving way to police and emergency vehicles

(1)  A driver must give way to a police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note 1: Emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means –

(a) if the driver is stopped – remain stationary until it is safe to proceed; or

(b) in any other case – slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision;

 – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule of the Road Rules that would otherwise require the driver of a police or emergency vehicle to give way to the driver.
Division 5 - Crossings and shared zones

80.   Stopping at a children’s crossing

(1)  A driver approaching a children’s crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Children’s crossing is defined in subrule (6) .

(2)  A driver approaching or at a children’s crossing must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line at the crossing if –
(a) a hand-held stop sign is displayed at the crossing; or
(b) [Rule 80 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] a pedestrian or rider of a bicycle is on or entering the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note 1: Stop line is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic control device at a place.

(3)  [Rule 80 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a hand-held stop sign, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on or entering the crossing and the holder of the sign –
(a) no longer displays the sign towards the driver; or
(b) otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(4)  [Rule 80 Subrule (4) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a pedestrian or rider of a bicycle, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on or entering the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(5)  For this rule, if a children’s crossing extends across a road with a dividing strip, the part of the children’s crossing on each side of the dividing strip is taken to be a separate children’s crossing.

Note: Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

(6)  A "children's crossing" is an area of a road –
(a) at a place with stop lines marked on the road, and –
(i) children crossing flags; or
(ii) children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights; and
(b) indicated by –
(i) 2 red and white posts erected on each side of the road; or
(ii) 2 parallel continuous or broken lines on the road surface from one side of the road completely or partly across the road; and
(c) extending across the road between the posts or lines.

Note: Twin yellow lights is defined in the dictionary.

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Children crossing flag

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Children's crossing sign

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Hand-held stop sign

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Hand-held stop sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the children’s crossing sign and a number of other permitted versions of the hand-held stop signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A children’s crossing sign may have a different number on the sign – see rule 316(4) .

Examples

Example 1

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Driver stopped at stop line for pedestrians on a children's crossing with children crossing flags

Driver must stop at the stop line because there are pedestrians on the children's crossing

Example 2

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Driver stopped at stop line for pedestrians on a children's crossing with children's crossing signs and twin yellow lights

Driver must stop at the stop line because there are pedestrians on the children's crossing

81.   Giving way at a pedestrian crossing

(1)  A driver approaching a pedestrian crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Pedestrian crossing is defined in subrule (3) .

(2)  [Rule 81 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] A driver must give way to any pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on a pedestrian crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision– see the definition in the dictionary.

(3)  A "pedestrian crossing" is an area of a road –
(a) at a place with white stripes on the road surface that –
(i) run lengthwise along the road; and
(ii) are of approximately the same length; and
(iii) are approximately parallel to each other; and
(iv) are in a row that extends completely, or partly, across the road; and
(b) with or without either or both of the following:
(i) a pedestrian crossing sign;
(ii) alternating flashing twin yellow lights.

Note 1: Twin yellow lights is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a place.

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Pedestrian crossing sign

Examples

Example 1

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Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing

Driver must give way to the pedestrian on the crossing

Example 2

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Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing at a slip lane

Driver must give way to the pedestrian on the crossing

82.   Overtaking or passing a vehicle at a children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing

[Rule 82 Amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] A driver approaching a children’s crossing, or pedestrian crossing, must not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way to a pedestrian or rider of a bicycle at the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80 , overtake is defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81 .

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Driver not passing a vehicle that has stopped to give way to a pedestrian at a pedestrian crossing

Vehicle A has stopped to give way to a pedestrian on the crossing. Vehicle B must not overtake or pass vehicle A

83.   Giving way to pedestrians in a shared zone

A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Shared zone is defined in rule 24 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Division 6 - Other give way rules

84.   Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip

(1)  If a driver drives through a break in a dividing strip that has no stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, the driver must give way to –
(a) any tram on the dividing strip; and
(b) any vehicle travelling on the part of the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle to which a stop sign, stop line, give way sign, or give way line, applies).

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Dividing strip, give way line, stop line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

Note 3: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note: Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Giving way when driving through a break in a median strip

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to leave a service road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 3

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Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to enter service road

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Note to examples: A median strip is a particular kind of dividing strip – see the definition of median strip in the dictionary.

85.   Giving way on a painted island

A driver entering a turning lane from a painted island must give way to –
(a) any vehicle in the turning lane; or
(b) if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the far left side of the road – any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the right of the turning lane; or
(c) if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road or the far right side of the road – any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the left of the turning lane.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Line of traffic, marked lane, painted island and turning lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 138 and 139(4) allow a driver to drive on a painted island in certain circumstances.

Note 3: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the right of the turning lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the left of the turning lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

86.   Giving way in median turning bays

(1)  A driver entering a median turning bay must give way to any oncoming vehicle already in the turning bay.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
median turning bay means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane –
(a) to which a median turning lane sign applies; or
(b) where traffic lane arrows applying to the lane indicate that vehicles travelling in opposite directions must turn right.

Note: Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

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Median turning lane sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of the median turning lane sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

Example

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Giving way in a median turning bay

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

87.   Giving way when moving from a side of a road or a median strip parking area

(1)  A driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the far left or right side of a road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Line of traffic and marked lane are defined in the dictionary, and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Note 2: For subrule (1) , give way means –

(a) if the driver is stopped – remain stationary until it is safe to proceed; or

(b) in any other case – slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision;

- see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if –
(a) the driver of the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under rule 77 ; and
(b) it is safe for the bus to enter the lane or line of traffic in which the vehicle is driving.

Note 1: Public bus is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: The bus must display a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus must be operating – see rule 77 .

(3)  A driver turning from a median strip parking area into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For subrule (3) , give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(4)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note : Road-related area is defined in rule 13 and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

PART 8 - Traffic signs and road markings

Note 1
The rules in this Part cover most traffic signs and road markings. However, some traffic signs and road markings are dealt with in other Parts dealing with particular subjects. These include:
(a) speed-limits (including speed-limits in speed-limited areas and shared zones) – see Part 3
(b) U-turns – see Division 4 of Part 4
(c) traffic lights – see Part 6
(d) stop signs and give way signs – see Division 1 of Part 7
(e) roundabouts – see Part 9
(f) level crossings – see Part 10
(g) keeping left and lane signs – see Part 11
(h) stopping and parking – see Part 12
(i) pedestrians – see Part 14
(j) bicycle riders – see Part 15 .

Note 2
Rule 322 deals with the meaning of traffic control devices on a road or in or at an area or place (including an intersection).

Note 3
For a driver, a traffic sign or road marking mentioned in a rule is, unless the contrary intention appears, a sign or marking that applies to the driver. To find out how traffic signs and road markings apply to a driver, see rules 338 to 341 .
Division 1 - Traffic signs and road markings at intersections and other places

Note
: Intersection, road marking and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

88.   Left turn signs

(1)  If there is a left turn only sign at an intersection, a driver must turn left at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1) .

(2)  If there is a left lane must turn left sign at an intersection, a driver who is in the left marked lane when entering the intersection must turn left at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

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Left turn only sign

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Left lane must turn left sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of each of these signs – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

89.   Right turn signs

(1)  If there is a right turn only sign at an intersection, a driver must turn right at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2) .

(2)  If there is a right lane must turn right sign at an intersection, a driver who is in the right marked lane when entering the intersection must turn right at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
turn right does not include make a U-turn.

Note: U-turn is defined in the dictionary.

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Right turn only sign

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Right lane must turn right sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the right turn only sign, and another permitted version of the right lane must turn right sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

90.   No turns signs

If there is a no turns sign at an intersection, a driver must not turn left or right, or make a U-turn, at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: U-turn is defined in the dictionary.

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No turns sign

91.   No left turn and no right turn signs

(1)  If there is a no left turn sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver must not turn left at the intersection or place.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(2)  If there is a no right turn sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver must not turn right or make a U – turn at the intersection or place.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

No left turn signs

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No left turn sign (Standard sign)

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No left turn sign (Variable illuminated message sign)

No right turn signs

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No right turn sign (Standard sign)

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No right turn sign (Variable illuminated message sign)

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of each of the no left turn signs and a number of other permitted versions of the no right turn signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

(3)  However, a driver may make a U-turn at the intersection or place if there is a U-turn permitted sign at the intersection or place.

92.   Traffic lane arrows

(1)  If a driver is driving in a marked lane at an intersection (except a roundabout) and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must –
(a) if the arrows indicate a single direction – drive in that direction; or
(b) if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions – drive in one of those directions.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Part 9 deals with traffic lane arrows at roundabouts.

Note 3: Rule 329 explains when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

(2)  However, this rule does not apply to a driver if  –
(a) the arrows indicate a direction to the right (whether or not they also indicate another direction) at an intersection and the driver is making a U–turn at the intersection; or
(b) a traffic sign indicates that the driver may drive in a direction different to that indicated by the traffic lane arrows; or
(c) the driver is driving in the direction indicated by traffic lane arrows that apply to 1 or more marked lanes and there is an obstruction in each of those lanes; or
(d) the driver is turning at an intersection in accordance with subrule 28 (2) or 32 (2) .

Note 1: Obstruction and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rules 40 and 41 deal with making a U-turn at an intersection. If there are traffic lights at the intersection, the driver may make a U-turn only if there is a U-turn permitted sign at the intersection. If there are no traffic lights at the intersection, the driver may make a U-turn unless there is a no U-turn sign at the intersection.

Note 3: Subrule 28 (2) deals with vehicles 7.5 metres long or longer turning left at an intersection from within the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane on a multi-lane road. Rule 32 (2) deals with vehicles 7.5 metres long or longer turning right at an intersection from within the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane on a multi-lane road.

Examples

Example 1

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Traffic lane arrows on the surface of marked lanes

Example 2

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Traffic lane arrows on a traffic sign

(3)  The existence of a bicycle storage area in a marked lane does not alter a driver’s obligation to comply with this rule.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

Division 2 - Traffic signs and road markings generally

93.   No overtaking or passing signs

(1)  A driver must not –
(a) drive past a no overtaking or passing sign if any oncoming vehicle is on the bridge or length of road to which the sign applies; or
(b) overtake a vehicle on a bridge or length of road to which a no overtaking or passing sign applies.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Oncoming vehicle and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A no overtaking or passing sign on a road applies to the length of road (including a length of road on a bridge) beginning at the sign and ending –
(a) if information on or with the sign indicates a distance – at that distance past the sign; or
(b) if the sign applies to a bridge – at the end of the bridge; or
(c) at an end no overtaking or passing sign on the road.

Note: With is defined in the dictionary.

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No overtaking or passing sign

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End no overtaking or passing sign

94.   No overtaking on bridge signs

A driver on a bridge with a no overtaking on bridge sign must not overtake a vehicle between the sign and the far end of the bridge.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

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No overtaking on bridge sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

95.   Emergency stopping lane only signs

(1)  A driver must not drive in an emergency stopping lane unless –
(a) the driver needs to drive in the emergency stopping lane to avoid a collision, to stop in the lane, or because the driver’s vehicle is disabled; or
(b) the driver is permitted to drive in the emergency stopping lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 178 deals with stopping in an emergency stopping lane.

(2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a bicycle.

Note 1: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: If a no bicycles sign applies to the emergency stopping lane, the rider must not ride in the lane – see rule 252 .

(3)  In this rule –
emergency stopping lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane, to which an emergency stopping lane only sign applies.

Note 1: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 329 explains when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

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Emergency stopping lane only sign

Note for diagram: The sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction – see rule 316(4) .

96.   Keep clear markings

(1)  A driver must not stop on an area of a road marked with a keep clear marking.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  In this rule –
keep clear marking means the words "keep clear" marked across all or part of a road, with or without continuous lines marked across all or part of the road.

Examples

Example 1

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Keep clear marking bounded by line road markings

Example 2

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Keep clear marking with no line road markings

97.   Road access signs

(1)  A driver must not drive on a length of road to which a road access sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that the driver or the driver’s vehicle is not permitted beyond the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Driver's vehicle, length of road and with are defined in the dictionary

(2)  A road access sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign (including any road into which the length of road merges) and ending –
(a) if the sign is on a freeway – at an end freeway sign or end road access sign on the road; or
(b) if the sign is not on a freeway – at the nearer of the following:
(i) if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end – the end of the road;
(ii) an end road access sign on the road.

Example

A road access sign on an access ramp to a freeway applies to the access ramp and the freeway into which the access ramp merges.

Note 1: Freeway is defined in rule 177 , and road marking, T-intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 229 applies the road access sign to pedestrians.

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Road access sign

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End freeway sign

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End road access sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the road access sign and the end freeway sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A road access sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons – see rule 316(4) .

98.   One-way signs

(1)  A driver must not drive on a length of road to which a one-way sign applies except in the direction indicated by the arrow on the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A one-way sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following:
(a) a two-way sign on the road;
(b) a keep left sign on the road;
(c) another sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is a two-way road;
(d) if the road ends at a T-intersection – the end of the road.

Note 1: Road marking, T-intersection and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: There is a diagram of a keep left sign in rule 99 .

(3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if the rider –
(a) [Rule 98 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] is riding on a bicycle path, footpath, nature strip, separated footpath or shared path adjacent to the length of road; and
(b) [Rule 98 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] is permitted to ride on the bicycle path, footpath, nature strip, separated footpath or shared path under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Note: Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

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One-way sign

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Two-way sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the one-way sign and another permitted version of the two-way sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A one-way sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction– see rule 316(4) .

99.   Keep left and keep right signs

(1)  A driver driving past a keep left sign must drive to the left of the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(2)  A driver driving past a keep right sign must drive to the right of the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if the rider –
(a) [Rule 99 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] is riding on a bicycle path, footpath, nature strip, separated footpath or shared path; and
(b) [Rule 99 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] is permitted to ride on the bicycle path, footpath, nature strip, separated footpath or shared path under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Note: Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

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Keep left sign

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Keep right sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the keep right sign– see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

100.   No entry signs

A driver must not drive past a no entry sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

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No entry sign

Note for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

101.   Hand-held stop signs

(1)  A driver approaching a hand-held stop sign must stop before reaching the sign.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(2)  The driver must not proceed until the holder of the sign –
(a) no longer displays the sign towards the driver; or
(b) otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(3)  This rule does not apply to a driver approaching or at a hand-held stop sign at a children’s crossing.

Note: Rule 80 defines children’s crossing, and deals with hand-held stop signs at children’s crossings.

Hand-held stop signs

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Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

101A.   Safety ramp and arrester bed signs

(1)  A driver must not drive on a safety ramp or arrester bed unless –
(a) it is necessary for the driver to do so in the interests of safety; or
(b) the driver is permitted to do so under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(2)  In this rule –
arrester bed means an area to which an arrester bed sign applies;
safety ramp means an area to which a safety ramp sign applies.

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Arrester bed sign

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Safety ramp sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs — see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Division 3 - Signs for trucks, buses and other large vehicles

102.   Clearance and low clearance signs

(1)  A driver must not drive past a clearance sign, or a low clearance sign, if the driver’s vehicle, or any vehicle connected to it, is higher than the height (in metres) indicated by the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 20 penalty units.

Note: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
vehicle includes any load carried by the vehicle.

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Clearance sign

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Low clearance sign

103.   Load limit signs

(1)  A driver must not drive past a bridge load limit (gross mass) sign or gross load limit sign if the total of the gross mass (in tonnes) of the driver’s vehicle, and any vehicle connected to it, is more than the gross mass indicated by the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 20 penalty units.

Note: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not drive past a bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign if the mass (in tonnes) carried by an axle group of the driver’s vehicle, or any vehicle connected to it, is more than the mass indicated by the sign for the axle group.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 20 penalty units.

(3)  In this rule –
vehicle includes any load carried by the vehicle.

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Bridge load limit (gross mass) sign

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Gross load limit sign

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Bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

104.   No trucks signs

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a bus) must not drive past a no trucks sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass if the GVM of the driver’s vehicle (or, if the driver is driving a combination, any vehicle in the combination) is more than that mass, unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Bus, combination, driver’s vehicle, GVM and with are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver (except the driver of a bus) must not drive past a no trucks sign that has information on or with it indicating a length if the length of the driver’s vehicle (or, if the driver is driving a combination, the length of the combination) is longer than that length, unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(3)  The driver of a truck must not drive past a no trucks sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length, unless the driver is permitted to drive the truck on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Truck is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the destination of the driver lies beyond a no trucks sign and –
(a) there is no other route by which the driver’s vehicle could reach that destination; or
(b) any other route by which the driver’s vehicle could reach that destination would require the vehicle to pass another no trucks sign.

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No trucks sign

105.   Trucks must enter signs

If the driver of a truck drives past a trucks must enter sign, the driver must enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Truck and with are defined in the dictionary.

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Trucks must enter sign

Note for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

106.   No buses signs

(1)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass if the GVM of the bus is more than that mass.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Bus, GVM and with are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has information on or with it indicating a length if the bus is longer than that length.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(3)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

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No buses sign

107.   Buses must enter signs

If the driver of a bus drives past a buses must enter sign, the driver must enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bus and with are defined in the dictionary.

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Buses must enter sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

108.   Trucks and buses low gear signs

(1)  If the driver of a truck or bus is driving on a length of road to which a trucks and buses low gear sign applies, the driver must drive the truck or bus in a gear that is low enough to limit the speed of the truck or bus without the use of a primary brake.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Bus, length of road and truck are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  Subrule (1) does not apply to the driver of a bus if information on or with the sign indicates that it applies only to trucks.

Note: With is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A trucks and buses low gear sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending:
(a) if information on or with the sign indicates a distance – at that distance on the road from the sign; or
(b) in any other case – at an end trucks and buses low gear sign on the road.
(4)  In this rule –
primary brake means the footbrake, or other brake, fitted to a truck or bus that is normally used to slow or stop the vehicle.

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Trucks and buses low gear sign

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End trucks and buses low gear sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the trucks and buses low gear sign, and another permitted version of the end trucks and buses low gear sign– see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

PART 9 - Roundabouts

109.   What is a roundabout

A "roundabout" is an intersection –
(a) with either –
(i) one or more marked lanes, all of which are for the use of vehicles travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island; or
(ii) room for one or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island; and
(b) with or without a roundabout sign at each entrance.

Note 1: Intersection, marked lane, traffic and traffic island are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322 (3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a place.

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Roundabout sign

110.   Meaning of halfway around a roundabout

A driver leaves a roundabout halfway around the roundabout if the driver leaves the roundabout on a road that is straight ahead, or substantially straight ahead, from the road on which the driver enters the roundabout.

111.   Entering a roundabout from a multi-lane road or a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction

(1)  A driver entering a roundabout from a multi-lane road, or a road with room for 2 or more lines of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals) travelling in the same direction as the driver, must enter the roundabout in accordance with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Multi-lane road is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout less than halfway around it, the driver must enter the roundabout from the left marked lane or, if the road is not a multi-lane road, as near as practicable to the left side of the road.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Example

Example 1 – 

Leaving a roundabout less than halfway around it

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(3)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it, the driver must enter the roundabout from the right marked lane or, if the road is not a multi-lane road, from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the dividing line or median strip.

Example

Example 2 – 

Leaving a roundabout more than halfway around it

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(4)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout halfway around it, the driver may enter the roundabout from any marked lane or, if the road is not a multi-lane road, anywhere on the part of the road on which vehicles travelling in the same direction as the driver may travel.

Example

Example 3 – 

Leaving a roundabout halfway around it

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(5)  Despite subrules (2) to (4) , if the driver is entering the roundabout from a marked lane and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must –
(a) if the arrows indicate a single direction – drive in that direction after entering the roundabout; or
(b) if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions – drive in one of those directions after entering the roundabout.

Note: Traffic-lane arrows is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 4 – 

Roundabout with 3 entry points

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Example 5 – 

Roundabout with 5 entry points

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Note 1
for examples 4 and 5: Rule 116 requires a driver to obey traffic lane arrows when driving in or leaving a roundabout.

Note 2
for examples 4 and 5: The rules in Part 11 about driving in marked lanes, and moving from one marked lane or line of traffic, apply to a driver driving in a roundabout – see rules 146 to 148 .
(6)  Subrule (3) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

(7)  Subrule (5) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal if the rider is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it.
(8)  Despite subrule (2) , a driver may approach and enter the roundabout from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if –
(a) the driver's vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the roundabout; and
(d) it is not practicable for the driver to leave the roundabout less than halfway around it from within the left lane; and
(e) the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely leave the roundabout less than halfway around it by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.
(9)  Despite subrule (3) , the driver may approach and enter the roundabout from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane if –
(a) the driver's vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and
(b) the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and
(c) any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the roundabout; and
(d) it is not practicable for the driver to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it from within the right lane; and
(e) the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely leave the roundabout more than halfway around it by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.
(10)  In this rule –
left lane means –
(a) the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road; or
(b) if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane – the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed;
marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive;
right lane means –
(a) the marked lane nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road; or
(b) if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane – the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

112.   Giving a left change of direction signal when entering a roundabout

(1)  This rule applies to a driver entering a roundabout if –
(a) the driver is to leave the roundabout at the first exit after entering the roundabout; and
(b) the exit is less than halfway around the roundabout.
(2)  Before entering the roundabout, the driver must give a left change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The driver must continue to give the change of direction signal until the driver has left the roundabout.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(4)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

113.   Giving a right change of direction signal when entering a roundabout

(1)  This rule applies to a driver entering a roundabout if the driver is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it.
(2)  Before entering the roundabout, the driver must give a right change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The driver must continue to give the change of direction signal while the driver is driving in the roundabout, unless –
(a) the driver is changing marked lanes, or entering another line of traffic; or
(b) the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights; or
(c) the driver is about to leave the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle and marked lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 117 deals with giving change of direction signals before changing marked lanes, or entering another line of traffic, in a roundabout.

Note 3: Rule 118 requires a driver, if practicable, to give a left change of direction signal when leaving a roundabout.

114.   Giving way when entering or driving in a roundabout

(1)  A driver entering a roundabout must give way to –
(a) any vehicle in the roundabout; and
(b) a tram that is entering or approaching the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Tram is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give way to a tram that is in, entering or approaching the roundabout.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note 1: Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the give way rules applying to a driver moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic, see rule 148 .

115.   Driving in a roundabout to the left of the central traffic island

(1)  A driver driving in a roundabout must drive –
(a) to the left of the central traffic island in the roundabout; or
(b) if subrule (2) applies to the driver – on the edge of the central traffic island, to the left of the centre of the island; or
(c) if subrule (3) applies to the driver – over the central traffic island, to the left of the centre of the island.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Traffic island is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  This subrule applies to a driver if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving on the edge of the central traffic island; and
(b) the driver can safely drive on the edge of the central traffic island.

Note: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  This subrule applies to a driver if –
(a) the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving over the central traffic island; and
(b) the central traffic island is designed to allow a vehicle of that kind to be driven over it.

116.   Obeying traffic lane arrows when driving in or leaving a roundabout

If a driver is driving in a marked lane in a roundabout and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must –
(a) if the arrows indicate a single direction – drive in or leave the roundabout in that direction; or
(b) if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions – drive in or leave the roundabout in one of those directions.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

117.   Giving a change of direction signal when changing marked lanes or lines of traffic in a roundabout

(1)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give a left change of direction signal before the driver changes marked lanes to the left, or enters a part of the roundabout where there is room for another line of traffic to the left, in the roundabout, unless the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Driver's vehicle and left change of direction signal are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give a right change of direction signal before the driver changes marked lanes to the right, or enters a part of the roundabout where there is room for another line of traffic to the right, in the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

118.   Giving a left change of direction signal when leaving a roundabout

(1)  If practicable, a driver driving in a roundabout must give a left change of direction signal when leaving the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver has left the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note 1: Driver's vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: The rules in Part 11 about driving in marked lanes and moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic apply to a driver leaving a roundabout – see rules 146 to 148 .

119.   Giving way by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout

The rider of a bicycle or animal who is riding in the far left marked lane of a roundabout with 2 or more marked lanes, or the far left line of traffic in a roundabout with room for 2 or more lines of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals), must give way to any vehicle leaving the roundabout.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle and marked lane are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the rider must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

PART 10 - Level crossings

120.   What is a level crossing

(1)  A level crossing is –
(a) an area where a road and a railway meet at substantially the same level, whether or not there is a level crossing sign on the road at all or any of the entrances to the area; or
(b) an area where a road and tram tracks meet at substantially the same level and that has a level crossing sign on the road at each entrance to the area.

Note: Tram tracks is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

Level crossing signs

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121.   Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a level crossing

A driver at a level crossing with a stop sign must –
(a) stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line or, if there is no stop line, as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop sign; and
(b) give way to any train or tram on, approaching or entering the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Approaching, enter, stop line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed – see the definition in the dictionary.

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Stop sign

122.   Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing

A driver at a level crossing with a give way sign or give way line must give way to any train or tram on, approaching or entering the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Approaching, enter, give way line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

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Give way sign

123.   Entering a level crossing when a train or tram is approaching, &c.,

A driver must not enter a level crossing if –
(a) warning lights (for example, twin red lights or rotating red lights) are operating or warning bells are ringing; or
(b) a gate, boom or barrier at the crossing is closed or is opening or closing; or
(c) a train or tram is on or entering the crossing; or
(d) a train or tram approaching the crossing can be seen from the crossing, or is sounding a warning, and there would be a danger of a collision with the train or tram if the driver entered the crossing; or
(e) the driver cannot drive through the crossing because the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Examples for paragraph (e)

The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by stock on the road.

Note: Approaching, enter, tram and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary.

124.   Leaving a level crossing

A driver who enters a level crossing must leave the level crossing as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Enter is defined in the dictionary.

PART 11 - Keeping left, overtaking and other driving rules
Division 1 - General

125.   Unreasonably obstructing drivers or pedestrians

(1)  A driver must not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle – see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

(2)  For this rule, a driver does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian only because –
(a) the driver is stopped in traffic; or
(b) the driver is driving more slowly than other vehicles (unless the driver is driving abnormally slowly in the circumstances).

Example of a driver driving abnormally slowly

A driver driving at a speed of 20 kilometres per hour on a length of road to which a speed-limit of 80 kilometres per hour applies when there is no reason for the driver to drive at that speed on the length of road.

126.   Keeping a safe distance behind vehicles

A driver must drive a sufficient distance behind a vehicle travelling in front of the driver so the driver can, if necessary, stop safely to avoid a collision with the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

127.   Keeping a minimum distance between long vehicles

(1)  The driver of a long vehicle must drive at least the required minimum distance behind another long vehicle travelling in front of the driver, unless the driver is –
(a) driving on a multi-lane road or any length of road in a built-up area; or
(b) overtaking.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Built-up area, length of road, multi-lane road and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
long vehicle means a vehicle that, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer;

Note: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

required minimum distance means –
(a) for a long vehicle in a road train area – 200 metres or, if another law of this jurisdiction provides another distance for the area, that distance; or
(b) for a long vehicle in another area – 60 metres or, if another law of this jurisdiction provides another distance for the area, that distance;
road train means a combination that is a road train for the Road Rules under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note: Combination is defined in the dictionary.

128.   Entering blocked intersections

A driver must not enter an intersection if the driver cannot drive through the intersection because the intersection, or a road beyond the intersection, is blocked.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Examples

The intersection, or a road beyond the intersection, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the road.

Note:Enter and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

128A.   Entering blocked crossings

(1)  A driver must not enter a children's crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing if the driver cannot drive through the crossing because the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Examples

The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the road.

Note:Children's crossing, enter, marked foot crossing and pedestrian crossing are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  Despite subrule (1) , a driver may enter a children's crossing or a pedestrian crossing if –
(a) the crossing is immediately before an intersection that does not have traffic lights; and
(b) the crossing is not blocked; and
(c) [Rule 128A Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] before the crossing, the driver gives way to any pedestrian or rider of a bicycle on the crossing.
(3)  [Rule 128A Subrule (3) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] Subrule (2) applies despite anything to the contrary in rule 171 or 172 .
(4)  [Rule 128A Subrule (4) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] However, subrule (3) is not intended to permit a driver to park a vehicle contrary to rule 171 or 172 .
Division 2 - Keeping to the left

129.   Keeping to the far left side of a road

(1)  A driver on a road (except a multi-lane road) must drive as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Multi-lane road is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note: Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area includes the shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

130.   Keeping to the left on a multi-lane road

(1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a multi-lane road if –
(a) the speed-limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving is over 80 kilometres per hour; or
(b) a keep left unless overtaking sign applies to the length of road where the driver is driving.

Note 1: Length of road and multi-lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Part 3 deals with speed-limits.

(2)  The driver must not drive in the right lane unless –
(a) the driver is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or
(b) the driver is overtaking; or
(c) a left lane must turn left sign or left traffic lane arrows apply to any other lane and the driver is not turning left; or
(d) the driver is required to drive in the right lane under rule 159 ; or
(e) the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or
(f) the traffic in each other lane is congested; or
(g) the traffic in every lane is congested; or
(h) the right lane is a special purpose lane in which the driver, under another provision of the Road Rules, is permitted to drive; or
(i) there are only 2 marked lanes and the left lane is a slow vehicle turn out lane.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Centre of the road, left traffic lane arrows, obstruction, overtake, right change of direction signal, special purpose lane, traffic and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 159 deals with traffic signs that require a particular kind of vehicle to drive in the marked lane indicated by the signs.

Note 3: Rule 329 deals with when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

(3)  A keep left unless overtaking sign on a multi-lane road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) an end keep left unless overtaking sign on the road;
(b) a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is no longer a multi-lane road;
(c) if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end – the end of the road.

Note: Road marking, T-intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  In this rule –
lane, for a driver, means a marked lane for vehicles travelling in the same direction as the driver, but does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive;

Note 1: Marked lane and special purpose lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 95 deals with driving in emergency stopping lanes, and Division 6 of this Part deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

slow vehicle turn out lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane, to which a slow vehicle turn out lane sign applies.

Note: A slow vehicle turn out lane is designed for slow-moving vehicles to move into to allow faster vehicles to pass in an adjacent marked lane.

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Keep left unless overtaking sign

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End keep left unless overtaking sign

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Slow vehicle turn out lane sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the end keep left unless overtaking sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

131.   Keeping to the left of oncoming vehicles

(1)  A driver must drive to the left of any oncoming vehicle unless –
(a) the driver is turning right at an intersection; and
(b) the driver is passing an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection; and
(c) there is no traffic sign or road marking indicating that the driver must pass to the left of the oncoming vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection, oncoming vehicle, road marking and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Division 2 of Part 4 deals with making right turns.

(2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if –
(a) the rider is riding on a footpath, nature strip or shared path; and
(b) the rider is permitted to ride on the footpath, nature strip or shared path under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction; and
(c) either –
(i) the oncoming vehicle is not on the footpath, nature strip or shared path; or
(ii) the oncoming vehicle is not permitted, under the Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction, to be on the footpath, nature strip or shared path.

Note: Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242.

Examples

Example 1

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Driving to the left of an oncoming vehicle

Example 2

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Oncoming vehicles turning right passing to the right of each other

132.   Keeping to the left of the centre of a road or the dividing line

(1)  [Rule 132 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] A driver on a two-way road without a dividing line or median strip must drive to the left of the centre of the road, except as permitted under rule 133 , 139(1) or 139A(1) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Centre of the road, dividing line, median strip and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the meaning of driving to the left of something, see rule 351(3) .

Note 3: Rule 133 deals with driving to the right of the centre of the road to overtake another vehicle, to enter or leave a road, to move from one part of the road to another, or because of the width or condition of the road. Rule 139(1) deals with driving to the right of the centre of the road to avoid an obstruction.

(2)  [Rule 132 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] A driver on a road with a dividing line must drive to the left of the dividing line, except as permitted under rule 134 , 139(2) or 139A(2) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Rule 134 deals with driving to the right of the dividing line to overtake another vehicle, to enter or leave a road, or to move from one part of the road to another. Rule 139(2) deals with driving to the right of the dividing line to avoid an obstruction.

The effect of this subrule, in relation to continuous dividing lines, is as follows:

- in the case of a dividing line that is only a single continuous dividing line, or that is a broken dividing line to the right of a single continuous dividing line, a driver may only drive to the right of such a line in the circumstances set out in rules 134(3) and 139(2) (as supplemented by 139(3) );

- in the case of a dividing line that is a single continuous dividing line to the right of a broken dividing line, a driver may only drive to the right of such a line in the circumstances set out in rules 134(2) , 134(3) and 139(2) ;

- in the case of a dividing line that is 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, a driver may only drive to the right of such a line in the circumstances set out in rule 139(2) (as supplemented by rule 139(3) ).

(2A)  A driver on a road with a single continuous dividing line, a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines must not drive across the dividing lines to perform a U-turn.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Example 1

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Driving across a single continuous dividing line to make a U-turn is not permitted

Example 2

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Driving across a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line to make a U-turn is not permitted

Example 3

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Driving across 2 parallel continuous dividing lines to make a U-turn is not permitted

(3)  [Rule 132 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] This rule, and rules 133 , 134 , 139(1) and (2) and 139A , apply to a service road to which a two-way sign applies as if it were a separate road, but do not apply to any other service road.

Note 1: Service road is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 136 deals with driving on a service road without a two-way sign.

(4)  In this rule –
road does not include a footpath, nature strip, bicycle path, separated footpath or shared path.

Note: Footpath and nature strip are defined in the dictionary, bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in rule 239 and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

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Two-way sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of the two-way sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

Examples for subrule (2)

Example 1

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Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line only

Example 2

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Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line

Example 3

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Driving to the left of 2 parallel continuous dividing lines

133.   Exceptions to keeping to the left of the centre of a road

(1)  This rule applies to a driver on a two-way road without a dividing line or median strip.

Note: Dividing line, median strip and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver may drive to the right of the centre of the road –
(a) to overtake another driver; or
(b) to enter or leave the road; or
(c) to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or emergency stopping lane).

Note: Centre of the road, overtake and service road are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 .

(3)  The driver may also drive to the right of the centre of the road if –
(a) because of the width or condition of the road, it is not practicable to drive to the left of the centre of the road; and
(b) the driver can do so safely.

134.   Exceptions to keeping to the left of a dividing line

(1)  This rule applies to a driver on a road with a dividing line.

Note: Dividing line is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  [Rule 134 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] If the dividing line is a single broken dividing line only, or a broken dividing line to the left of a single continuous dividing line, or 2 parallel broken dividing lines, the driver may drive to the right of the dividing line –
(a) to overtake another driver; or
(b) to perform a U-turn, unless another rule would prohibit the driver performing the U-turn.

Note 1: Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver must not overtake another driver unless the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic, and it is safe to overtake the other driver– see rule 140 .

(3)  [Rule 134 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] If the dividing line is a single continuous or broken dividing line, or a broken dividing line to the left or right of a single continuous dividing line, or 2 parallel broken dividing lines, the driver may drive to the right of the dividing line –
(a) to enter or leave the road; or
(b) [Rule 134 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or emergency stopping lane); or
(c) [Rule 134 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] to park in angle parking on the opposite side of the road provided that the driver does not need to perform a U-turn to reach the parking area.

Note 1: Angle parking, overtake, parking area and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95, and service road is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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Driving to the right of the centre of the road permitted – overtaking on a road with a broken dividing line only

Example 2

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Driving to the right of the centre of the road permitted – overtaking on a road with a broken dividing line to the left of a single continuous dividing line

Example 2A

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Driving across a single continuous dividing line is permitted to enter or leave the road

Example 2B

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Driving across a single continuous dividing line is permitted to leave the road to enter a road-related area

Example 2C

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Driving across a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line is permitted to enter or leave the road

Example 3

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Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted – overtaking on a road with a single continuous dividing line only

Example 4

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Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted – overtaking on a road with a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line

Example 5

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Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted – overtaking on a road with 2 parallel continuous dividing lines

135.   Keeping to the left of a median strip

(1)  A driver on a road with a median strip must drive to the left of the median strip, unless the driver is –
(a) entering or driving in a median strip parking area; or
(b) required to drive to the right of the median strip by a keep right sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Median strip and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the meaning of driving to the left of something, see rule 351(3) .

(2)  In this rule –
median strip does not include a painted island.

Note 1: Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

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Keep right sign

136.   Driving on a one-way service road

A driver on the part of the road that is a service road (except a service road to which a two-way sign applies) must drive in the same direction as a vehicle travelling on the part of the road closest to the service road is required to travel.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Service road is defined in the dictionary.

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Two-way sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of the two-way sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

137.   Keeping off a dividing strip

(1)  [Rule 137 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] A driver must not drive on a dividing strip, except as permitted under this rule or rule 139(4) or 139A(4) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 139 deals with avoiding obstructions on a road.

(2)  A driver may drive on a dividing strip that is at the same level as the road, and marked at each side by a continuous line –
(a) to enter or leave the road; or
(b) to enter or leave an area on the dividing strip to which a parking control sign applies if the driver is permitted to park in the area.

Note 1: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Part 12 deals with restrictions on stopping and parking.

(2A)  For the purposes of subrule (2) , a dividing strip is to be treated as being at the same level as the road even if it contains one or more raised pavement bars or markers.
(3)  In this rule –
dividing strip does not include a painted island.

Note 1: Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

138.   Keeping off a painted island

(1)  [Rule 138 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] A driver must not drive on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island, except as permitted under this rule or rule 139(4) or 139A(4) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 139 deals with avoiding obstructions on a road.

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Painted island surrounded by 2 parallel continuous lines

Vehicle B is contravening the rule

(2)  A driver may drive on or over a single continuous line along the side of or surrounding a painted island for up to 50 metres –
(a) to enter or leave the road; or
(b) [Rule 138 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] to enter a turning lane that begins immediately after the painted island; or
(c) [Rule 138 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or emergency stopping lane); or
(d) [Rule 138 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] to park in angle parking on the opposite side of the road provided that the driver does not need to perform a U-turn to reach the parking area.

Note 1: Angle parking, parking area, service road, turning lane and U-turn are defined in the dictionary and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95.

Note 2: Rule 85 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a turning lane from a painted island and rule 197 deals with stopping on painted islands.

Note 3: Subrule (3) excludes certain painted islands from the application of paragraph (a).

(3)  Subrule (2)(a) does not apply in the case of a painted island –
(a) that separates a road that takes vehicles in one direction from another road that takes vehicles in the same direction at a place where the roads merge; or
(b) that separates one part of a road from other parts of the road to create a slip lane.

Note: Slip lane is defined in the dictionary.

Example 1

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Vehicle B is contravening the rule.

Example 2

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Vehicle B is contravening the rule.

139.   Exceptions for avoiding obstructions on a road

(1)  A driver on a two-way road without a dividing line or median strip may drive to the right of the centre of the road to avoid an obstruction if –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the centre of the road to avoid the obstruction; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.

Note: Approaching, centre of the road,dividing line, median strip, obstruction, traffic and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver on a road with a dividing line may drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid an obstruction if –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid the obstruction; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.
(3)  For subrule (2) , if the dividing line is a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line, a single continuous dividing line only or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, the hazard in driving to the right of such a dividing line must be taken into account in deciding whether it is reasonable to drive to the right of the dividing line.
(4)  A driver may drive on a dividing strip, or on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island, to avoid an obstruction if –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable to drive on the dividing strip or painted island to avoid the obstruction; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.

Note: Dividing strip and painted island are defined in the dictionary.

139A.   Exceptions for overtaking or passing bicycle rider

[Rule 139A Inserted by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015]
(1)  A driver on a two-way road without a dividing line or median strip may drive to the right of the centre of the road to overtake or pass the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver if –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the centre of the road to overtake or pass the rider; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.

Note: Approaching, centre of the road,dividing line, median strip, traffic and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver on a road with a dividing line may drive to the right of the dividing line to overtake or pass the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver if –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the dividing line to overtake or pass the rider; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.
(3)  For subrule (2) , if the dividing line is a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line, a single continuous dividing line only or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, the hazard in driving to the right of such a dividing line must be taken into account in deciding whether it is reasonable to drive to the right of the dividing line.
(4)  A driver may drive on a dividing strip that is at the same level as the road, or on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island, to overtake orpass the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver if  –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) it is necessary and reasonable to drive on the dividing strip or painted island to overtake or pass the rider; and
(c) the driver can do so safely.

Note: Dividing strip and painted island are defined in the dictionary.

(5)  For the purposes of subrule (4) , a dividing strip is to be treated as being at the same level as the road even if it contains one or more raised pavement bars or markers.
Division 3 - Overtaking

140.   No overtaking unless safe to do so

A driver must not overtake a vehicle unless –
(a) the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and
(b) the driver can safely overtake the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Approaching, overtake and traffic are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver is not permitted to overtake another vehicle by crossing a single continuous dividing line only, a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines – see rule 134(2) and rule 132(2) .

141.   No overtaking, &c., to the left of a vehicle

(1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not overtake a vehicle to the left of the vehicle unless –
(a) the driver is driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle; or
(b) the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle; or
(c) the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle, centre of the road, marked lane, multi-lane road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle that is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
turning right does not include making a hook turn;
vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Note 1: Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Division 3 of Part 4 deals with making hook turns.

Note 3: Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

142.   No overtaking to the right of a vehicle turning right, &c.,

(1)  A driver must not overtake to the right of a vehicle if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Centre of the road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
turning right does not include making a hook turn;
vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Note 1: Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Division 3 of Part 4 deals with making hook turns.

Note 3: Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

143.   Passing or overtaking a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign

(1)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Left change of direction signal and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

(1A)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign unless –
(a) the driver is driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle; or
(b) the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle; or
(c) the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Centre of the road, marked lane, multi-lane road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the right of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Example

A driver driving on a multi-lane road who is turning right at an intersection to which a right turn only sign applies may drive past a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign that is turning right from another marked lane, and giving a right change of direction signal, if it is safe to do so.

Note:Centre of the road, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
turning right does not include making a hook turn.

Note: Division 3 of Part 4 deals with making hook turns.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

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Note for diagram: These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

144.   Keeping a safe distance when overtaking

A driver overtaking a vehicle –
(a) must pass the vehicle at a sufficient distance to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle; and
(b) must not return to the marked lane or line of traffic where the vehicle is travelling until the driver is a sufficient distance past the vehicle to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

144A.   Keeping safe lateral distance when passing bicycle rider

[Rule 144A Inserted by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017]
(1)  The driver of a motor vehicle passing the rider of a bicycle who is travelling in the same direction as the driver must pass the bicycle at least a sufficient distance from the bicycle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Rule 129 generally requires a rider of a bicycle on a road, other than a multi-lane road, to ride as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

(2)  A sufficient distance from a bicycle is –
(a) if the applicable speed limit is not more than 60 km/h – a lateral distance from the bicycle of at least 1 metre; or
(b) if the applicable speed limit is more than 60 km/h – a lateral distance from the bicycle of at least 1.5 metres.
(3)  For subsection (2), the lateral distance is the distance between the following points:
(a) the furthermost point to the left on the driver's vehicle or any projection from the vehicle (whether or not attached to the vehicle);
(b) the furthermost point to the right on the bicycle, any bicycle trailer towed by the bicycle, the rider or any passenger in or on the trailer.

Example of what is part of a bicycle for paragraph (b) –

A basket or pannier bags attached to the bicycle.

Example of what is not part of a bicycle for paragraph (b) –

A flag or stick, whether or not flexible, attached to the bicycle, that projects sideways from the bicycle.

145.   Driver being overtaken not to increase speed

If a driver is overtaking another driver on a two-way road by crossing a dividing line, or crossing to the right of the centre of the road, the other driver must not increase the speed at which the driver is driving until the first driver –
(a) has passed the other driver; and
(b) has returned to the marked lane or line of traffic where the other driver is driving; and
(c) is a sufficient distance in front of the other driver to avoid a collision.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Centre of the road, dividing line, marked lane, overtake and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

Division 4 - Driving in marked lanes or lines of traffic

146.   Driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic

(1)  A driver on a multi-lane road must drive so the driver’s vehicle is completely in a marked lane, unless the driver is –
(a) entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or a shoulder of the road); or
(b) entering or leaving the road; or
(c) moving from one marked lane to another marked lane; or
(d) avoiding an obstruction; or
(e) obeying a traffic control device applying to the marked lane; or
(f) [Rule 146 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] permitted to drive in more than one marked lane under another provision of the Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction; or

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle, marked lane, multi-lane road, obstruction, service road and traffic control device are defined in the dictionary and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Note 2: A driver is generally not permitted to move from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes– see rule 147 .

Note 3: Rule 148 deals with giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane.

Note 4: An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane– see rule 152 .

Note 5: Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection– see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

(g) [Rule 146 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] overtaking or passing the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver.
(2)  A driver on a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, but without marked lanes, must drive so the driver’s vehicle is completely in a single line of traffic unless –
(a) it is not practicable to drive completely in a single line of traffic; or
(b) the driver is entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or a shoulder of the road); or
(c) the driver is entering or leaving the road; or
(d) the driver is moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic; or
(e) [Rule 146 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Rule 148 deals with giving way when moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic.

(f) [Rule 146 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015] overtaking or passing the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver.

147.   Moving from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes

[Rule 147 Amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] [Rule 147 Substituted by S.R. 2015, No. 6, Applied:25 Feb 2015]
(1)  A driver on a multi-lane road must not move from one marked lane to another marked lane by crossing a continuous line separating the lanes unless –
(a) the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or
(b) the driver is obeying a traffic control device applying to the first marked lane; or
(c) the driver is permitted to drive in both marked lanes under another provision of the Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction; or
(d) either of the marked lanes is a special purpose lane in which the driver is permitted to drive under the Road Rules and the driver is moving to or from the special purpose lane; or
(e) either of the marked lanes is a special purpose lane during specified times only and the driver –
(i) is moving to or from that lane outside of the times during which it is a special purpose lane; and
(ii) is permitted to drive in that lane outside of the times during which it is a special purpose lane under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Marked lane, multi-lane road, obstruction, special purpose lane and traffic control device are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane – see rule 152.

Note 3: Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection – see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

Note 4: Rule 95 deals with driving in emergency stopping lanes, and Division 6 of this Part deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

(2)  A driver on a multi-lane road may move from one marked lane to another marked lane by crossing a continuous line separating the lanes if –
(a) the driver makes the move to approach or enter an intersection from the multi-lane road and rule 28(2) or 32(2) applies to the driver for the purpose of making the move; or
(b) the driver makes the move to approach or enter a roundabout from the multi-lane road and rule 111(8) or (9) applies to the driver for the purpose of making the move; or
(c) the driver is overtaking or passing the rider of a bicycle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and the driver can perform the movement safely.

148.   Giving way when moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic

(1)  A driver who is moving from one marked lane (whether or not the lane is ending) to another marked lane must give way to any vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver in the marked lane to which the driver is moving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Marked lane and multi-lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Example 1

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Giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

Example 2

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Giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

(2)  A driver on a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, and who is moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic, must give way to any vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver in the line of traffic to which the driver is moving.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(3)  Subrule (2) does not apply to a driver if the line of traffic in which the driver is driving is merging with the line of traffic to which the driver is moving.

Note: Rule 149 deals with giving way when lines of traffic merge.

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Giving way when moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic when the lines are not merging

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

148A.   Giving way when moving within a single marked lane

If a driver diverges to the left or right within a marked lane, the driver must give way to any vehicle that is in the lane.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Marked laneis defined in the dictionary.

149.   Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic

A driver in a line of traffic that is merging with one or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver must give way to a vehicle in another line of traffic if any part of the vehicle is ahead of the driver’s vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Example

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Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic

Vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

150.   Driving on or across a continuous white edge line

(1)  A driver must not drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road unless subrule (1A) or (1B) applies to the driver.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Edge line is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver must not stop at the side of a road marked with a continuous yellow edge line – see rule 169 .

(1A)  A driver may drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road if the driver is –
(a) overtaking a vehicle that is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or
(b) driving a slow-moving vehicle, and it is necessary for the driver to drive on or over the edge line to allow the vehicle to be overtaken or passed by another vehicle; or
(c) driving a vehicle that is too wide, or too long, to drive on the road without driving on or over the edge line; or
(d) permitted to drive on or over the edge line under another law of this jurisdiction; or
(e) avoiding an obstruction.

Note: Centre of the road, obstruction, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the dictionary.

(1B)  A driver may drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road for up to 100 metres if the driver is –
(a) turning at an intersection; or
(b) entering or leaving the road; or
(c) entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road, a shoulder of the road or an emergency stopping lane); or
(d) stopping at the side of the road (including any shoulder of the road).

Note: Intersection and service road are defined in the dictionary, emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

(2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  For this rule, a driver drives over a continuous white edge line on a road if –
(a) for a line on the far left side of the road – the driver's vehicle is wholly or partly to the left of the line; or
(b) for a line on the far right side of the road – the driver's vehicle is wholly or partly to the right of the line.

151.   Riding a motor bike or bicycle alongside more than one other rider

(1)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle must not ride on a road that is not a multi-lane road alongside more than one other rider, unless subrule (3) applies to the rider.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle, motor bike and multi-lane road are defined in the dictionary, and rider is defined in rule 17 .

(2)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle must not ride in a marked lane alongside more than one other rider in the marked lane, unless subrule (3) applies to the rider.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle may ride alongside more than one other rider if the rider is –
(a) overtaking the other riders; or
(b) permitted to do so under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note: Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  If the rider of a motor bike or bicycle is riding on a road that is not a multi-lane road alongside another rider, or in a marked lane alongside another rider in the marked lane, the rider must ride not over 1.5 metres from the other rider.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes a bicycle path, shared path and any shoulder of the road.

Note: Bicycle path is defined in rule 239 , road-related area is defined in rule 13 , shared path is defined in rule 242 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Division 5 - Obeying overhead lane control devices applying to marked lanes

152.   Complying with overhead lane control devices

(1)  A driver in a marked lane to which an overhead lane control device applies must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane and overhead lane control device are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the device displays an illuminated red diagonal cross or is a traffic sign displaying a red diagonal cross, the driver must not drive in the marked lane past the device.
(3)  If the device displays a flashing illuminated red diagonal cross, the driver must leave the marked lane as soon as it is safe to do so.
(4)  If the device displays an illuminated white, green or yellow arrow pointing downwards or indicating one or more directions, the driver may drive in the marked lane past the device.

Example

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Overhead lane control device applying to marked lanes

Note for diagram: If the device displays an arrow indicating one or more directions, the device operates also as traffic lane arrows – see the definition of traffic lane arrows in the dictionary. Rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows.

Division 6 - Driving in marked lanes designated for special purposes

153.   Bicycle lanes

(1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not drive in a bicycle lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bicycle lane under this rule or rule 158 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

(2)  If stopping or parking is permitted at a place in a bicycle lane under another law of this jurisdiction, a driver may drive for up to 50 metres in the bicycle lane to stop or park at that place.

Note: Part 12 deals with parking and restricted stopping areas.

(3)  A driver may drive for up to 50 metres in a bicycle lane if –
(a) the driver is driving a public bus, public minibus, or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and
(b) there is not another law of this jurisdiction prohibiting the driver from driving in the bicycle lane.

Note: Public bus, public minibus and taxi are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  A bicycle lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane –
(a) [Rule 153 Subrule (4) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] beginning at a bicycle lane sign applying to the lane, or a road marking comprising both a white bicycle symbol and the word lane painted in white; and
(b) ending at the nearest of the following:
(i) [Rule 153 Subrule (4) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] an end bicycle lane sign applying to the lane, or a road marking comprising both a white bicycle symbol and the words end lane painted in white;
(ii) an intersection (unless the lane is at the unbroken side of the continuing road at a T-intersection or continued across the intersection by broken lines);
(iii) if the road ends at a dead end – the end of the road.

Note: Continuing road, intersection, marked lane and T-intersection are defined in the dictionary.

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Bicycle lane sign

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End bicycle lane sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle lane sign, and another permitted version of the end bicycle lane sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

154.   Bus lanes

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a public bus) must not drive in a bus lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bus lane under rule 158 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Public bus is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

(2)  A bus lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane –
(a) beginning at a bus lane sign (whether or not there is also a bus lane road marking) and ending at the nearest of the following:
(i) an end bus lane sign;
(ii) a traffic sign that indicates the beginning of another special purpose lane; or
(b) beginning at a bus lane road marking (if there is no bus lane sign) and ending at the next intersection.

Note: Intersection, marked lane, special purpose lane and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
bus lane road marking means a road marking consisting of –
(a) the letters 'BL'; or
(b) the words 'bus lane'; or
(c) the words 'bus only'.

Note: Road marking is defined in the dictionary.

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Bus lane sign

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End bus lane sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

155.   Tram lanes

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tram lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tram lane under this rule or rule 158 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

(2)  A driver may drive in a tram lane if the driver is driving a truck and it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tram lane to reach a place to drop off, or pick up, passengers or goods.
(3)  A tram lane is a part of a road with tram tracks that –
(a) is between a tram lane sign and an end tram lane sign; and
(b) is marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by a continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks.

Note: Tram tracks is defined in the dictionary.

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Tram lane sign

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End tram lane sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the tram lane sign and another permitted version of the end tram lane sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Example

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Tram lane

155A.   Tramways

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tramway, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tramway under subrule (2) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: The exceptions and defence provided in rule 158 do not apply to tramways.

(2)  A driver may drive in a tramway if –
(a) it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tramway to avoid an obstruction; and
(b) when driving in the tramway, the driver does not move into the path of an approaching tram or public bus travelling in the tramway.

Note: Obstruction is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A tramway is a part of a road with tram tracks that –
(a) is between a tramway sign and an end tramway sign; and
(b) is marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by either –
(i) 2 continuous yellow lines parallel to the tracks; or
(ii) a structure (for example, a dividing strip, pedestrian refuge, traffic island, row of bollards or separation kerb), whether or not the structure is also being used to indicate a safety zone –
but does include any part of the road where vehicles are permitted to cross the tramway.
(4)  For the purposes of subrule (3)(b)(i) , a line is to be considered to be continuous despite any break in it that is designed to permit vehicles to cross the tramway.

Note: Dividing strip, traffic island and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

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Tramway sign

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End tramway sign

Examples

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Tramway with double yellow line

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Tramway with separation kerb

156.   Transit lanes

(1)  A driver must not drive in a transit lane unless –
(a) the driver is driving –
(i) a public bus, public minibus, motor bike, taxi or tram; or
(ii) if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T2) sign – a vehicle carrying at least one other person; or
(iii) if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T3) sign – a vehicle carrying at least 2 other people; or
(b) the driver is permitted to drive in the transit lane under rule 158 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Motor bike, public bus, public minibus, taxi and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

(2)  A transit lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane –
(a) beginning at a transit lane sign; and
(b) ending at an end transit lane sign.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Transit lane signs

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Transit lane (T2) sign

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Transit lane (T3) sign

End transit lane signs

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End transit (T2) sign

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End transit lane (T3) sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the transit lane sign and another permitted version of the end transit lane sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

157.   Truck lanes

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a truck) must not drive in a truck lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the truck lane under rule 158 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Truck is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

(2)  A truck lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane –
(a) beginning at a truck lane sign; and
(b) ending at an end truck lane sign.

Note: Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

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Truck lane sign

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End truck lane sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the end truck lane sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

158.   Exceptions to driving in special purpose lanes, &c.

(1)  The driver of any vehicle may drive for up to the permitted distance in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane –
(a) to enter or leave the road; or
(b) to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road, the shoulder of the road or an emergency stopping lane); or
(c) to overtake a vehicle that is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or
(d) to enter a marked lane, or part of the road where there is room for a line of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals), from the side of the road.

Note 1: Permitted distance is defined in subrule (4) .

Note 2: Bicycle lane is defined in rule 153 , bus lane is defined in rule 154 , emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 , centre of the road, marked lane, overtake, right change of direction signal, service road and U-turn are defined in the dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12 , tram lane is defined in rule 155 , transit lane is defined in rule 156 , and truck lane is defined in rule 157 .

Note 3: A driver must keep clear of a tram travelling in a tram lane – see rule 76 .

(2)  The driver of any vehicle may drive in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if –
(a) it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to avoid an obstruction; or
(b) information on or with a traffic sign applying to the lane indicates that the driver may drive in the lane; or
(c) the driver is permitted to drive in the lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note 1:Obstruction, traffic sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: See clause 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(3)  It is a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division for driving in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if –
(a) it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to stop at a place in the lane; and
(b) the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction, or it is a defence under rule 165 for the driver to stop at that place; and
(c) if the lane is a bicycle lane – the driver drives in the lane for no more than the permitted distance.

Note: Rule 165 provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of Part 12 (Restrictions on stopping and parking). The defence is available, for example, if the driver needs to stop to deal with a medical or other emergency.

(4)  In this rule –
permitted distance means –
(a) for a bicycle lane or tram lane – 50 metres; or
(b) for any other lane – 100 metres.

159.   Marked lanes required to be used by particular kinds of vehicles

(1)  If information on or with a traffic sign applying to a length of road indicates that a vehicle of a particular kind must drive in a particular marked lane, a driver driving a vehicle of that kind on the length of road must drive in the indicated lane, unless the driver is –
(a) avoiding an obstruction; or
(b) obeying a traffic control device applying to the indicated lane; or
(c) permitted to drive in the indicated lane and also another marked lane under another provision of the Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction; or
(d) intending to turn off the road or to make a U-turn, and in order to do so safely without disrupting other vehicles on the road it is necessary to position the vehicle in another lane before starting the turn, or to make the turn.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Length of road, marked lane, obstruction, traffic control device, traffic sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane – see rule 152 .

Note 3: Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection – see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

(2)  A traffic sign mentioned in this rule that is on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the first traffic sign no longer applies;
(b) the next intersection on the road;
(c) if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end – the end of the road.

Note 1: Intersection, road marking, T-intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

Examples of a traffic sign mentioned in the rule and a traffic sign indicating that the first traffic sign no longer applies.

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Trucks use left lane sign

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End trucks use left lane sign

Note for diagrams: There is another permitted version of the trucks use left lane sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Division 7 - Passing trams and safety zones

Note
Bus, tram, tram tracks and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

160.   Passing or overtaking a tram that is not at or near the left side of a road

(1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a road with tram tracks that are not at or near the far left side of the road.
(2)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram to the right of the tram, unless the driver is permitted to do so by a traffic sign or road marking.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note:Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram if the tram is turning left or is giving a left change of direction signal, unless the driver is turning left and there is no danger of a collision with the tram.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note:Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

161.   Passing or overtaking a tram at or near the left side of a road

(1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a road with tram tracks at or near the far left side of the road.
(2)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram to the left of the tram unless the driver is turning left and there is no danger of a collision with the tram.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram if the tram is turning right or is giving a right change of direction signal.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note:Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

162.   Driving past a safety zone

(1)  A driver driving past a safety zone –
(a) must not drive on the safety zone; and
(b) must drive to the left of the safety zone at a speed that does not put at risk the safety of any pedestrian crossing the road to or from the safety zone.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

(2)  A safety zone is an area of a road –
(a) at a place with safety zone signs at or near a tram stop; and
(b) indicated by a structure on the road (for example, a dividing strip, pedestrian refuge or traffic island).

Note:Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary.

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Safety zone sign

163.   Driving past the rear of a stopped tram at a tram stop

(1)  A driver must comply with this rule if –
(a) the driver is driving behind the rear of a tram travelling in the same direction as the driver; and
(b) the tram stops at a tram stop, except at the far left side of the road; and
(c) there is no safety zone, dividing strip or traffic island between the tram and the part of the road where the driver is driving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note :Dividing strip, traffic island and tram stop are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(2)  The driver must stop before passing the rear of the tram.
(3)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2) , the driver must not proceed if –
(a) the tram doors are open; or
(b) a pedestrian is entering or crossing the road between the tram tracks and the far left side of the road.
(4)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2) , if the tram remains at the tram stop and subrule (3)(a) and (b) do not apply, the driver must not proceed past the tram at a speed greater than 10 kilometres per hour.
(5)  [Rule 163 Subrule (5) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, subrules (2) , (3) and (4) do not apply if the driver is directed to drive past the tram by an authorised person or police officer.
(6)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

164.   Stopping beside a stopped tram at a tram stop

(1)  A driver must comply with this rule if –
(a) the driver is driving alongside, or overtaking, a tram travelling in the same direction as the driver; and
(b) the tram stops at a tram stop, except at the far left side of the road; and
(c) there is no safety zone, dividing strip or traffic island between the tram and the part of the road where the driver is driving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note :Dividing strip, traffic island and tram stop are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

(2)  The driver must stop.
(3)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2) , the driver must not proceed if –
(a) the tram doors are open; or
(b) a pedestrian is entering or crossing the road between the tram tracks and the far left side of the road.
(4)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2) , if the tram remains at the tram stop and subrule (3)(a) and (b) do not apply, the driver must not proceed past the tram at a speed greater than 10 kilometres per hour.
(5)  [Rule 164 Subrule (5) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, subrules (2) , (3) and (4) do not apply if the driver is directed to drive past the tram by an authorised person or police officer.
(6)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

164A.   Staying stopped if a tram comes from behind a stopped driver and stops

[Rule 164A Inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016]
(1)  A driver must comply with this rule if –
(a) the driver is stopped beside a tram stop; and
(b) a tram stops at the tram stop, except at the far left side of the road; and
(c) there is no safety zone, dividing strip or traffic island between the tram and the part of the road where the driver is driving; and
(d) there is no other law of this jurisdiction (other than subrule (4) ) that permits the driver to proceed past the tram.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note:Dividing strip, traffic island and tram stop are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(2)  The driver must not proceed if –
(a) one or more of the doors on the side of the tram closest to the driver are open or opening; or
(b) a pedestrian is entering or crossing the road between the tram tracks and the far left side of the road.
(3)  If the tram remains at the tram stop and subrule (2)(a) and (b) do not apply, the driver must not proceed past the tram at a speed greater than 10 kilometres per hour.
(4)  However, subrules (2) and (3) do not apply if the driver is directed to proceed past the tram by an authorised person or police officer.

Note:Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

(5)  In this rule –
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.
PART 12 - Restrictions on stopping and parking
Division 1 - General

Note 1
For the general rules about the application of traffic signs (including parking control signs), see Divisions 2 and 3 of Part 20 , especially rules 332 to 335 and 346 . Parking control signs often include information about the times they apply and the types of vehicles to which they do not apply – see rules 317 and 318 . For the meaning of abbreviations and symbols on parking control signs, see rule 347 and Schedule 1 .

Note 2
Park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

165.   Stopping in an emergency, &c., or to comply with another rule

It is a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Part if –
(a) the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to avoid a collision, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary to avoid the collision; or
(b) the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, because the driver’s vehicle is disabled, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary for the vehicle to be moved safely to a place where the driver is permitted to park the vehicle under the Road Rules; or
(c) the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to deal with a medical or other emergency, or to assist a disabled vehicle, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or
(d) the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, because the condition of the driver, a passenger, or the driver’s vehicle makes it necessary for the driver to stop in the interests of safety, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or
(e) the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to comply with another provision of the Road Rules or a provision of another law, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary to comply with the other provision.

Example for paragraph (e)

If a driver stops at an intersection at a stop line, stop sign, or traffic lights, or to give way to a vehicle, in accordance with the Road Rules, the driver does not contravene rule 170 (stopping in or near an intersection).

Note 1: See rule 125 (in Part 11 ) for the offence of unreasonably obstructing the path of another vehicle or pedestrian.

Note:Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

166.   Application of Part to bicycles

This Part does not apply to a bicycle that is parked at a bicycle rail or in a bicycle rack.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Division 2 - No stopping and no parking signs and road marking

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

167.   No stopping signs

A driver must not stop on a length of road or in an area to which a no stopping sign applies.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Another law of this jurisdiction may provide transitional arrangements dealing with no standing signs.

No stopping signs

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No stopping sign (for a length of road)

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No stopping sign (for an area)

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A no stopping sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

168.   No parking signs

(1)  The driver of a vehicle must not stop on a length of road or in an area to which a no parking sign applies, unless the driver –
(a) is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or goods; and
(b) does not leave the vehicle unattended; and
(c) completes the dropping off, or picking up, of the passengers or goods, and drives on, as soon as possible and, in any case, within the required time after stopping.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(2)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.
(3)  In this rule –
required time means –
(a) if information on or with the sign indicates a time – the indicated time; or
(b) if there is no indicated time – 2 minutes; or
(c) if there is no indicated time, or the indicated time is less than 5 minutes, and rule 206 applies to the driver – 5 minutes.

Note 1:With is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 206 applies to a driver if the driver's vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities and the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit – see rule 206(1) .

No parking signs

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No parking sign (for a length of road)

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No parking sign (for an area)

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A no parking sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

169.   No stopping on a road with a yellow edge line

A driver must not stop at the side of a road marked with a continuous yellow edge line.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Edge line is defined in the dictionary.

Division 3 - Stopping at intersections and crossings

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

170.   Stopping in or near an intersection

(1)  A driver must not stop in an intersection unless –
(a) the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules; or
(b) the intersection is a T-intersection without traffic lights and the driver stops along the continuous side of the continuing road at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Continuing road, intersection and T-intersection are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not stop on a road within 20 metres from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection with traffic lights, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Parking control sign and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from an intersection if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(3)  A driver must not stop on a road within 10 metres from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection without traffic lights, unless the driver stops –
(a) at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules; or
(b) if the intersection is a T-intersection – along the continuous side of the continuing road at the intersection.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Continuing road and T-intersection are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  For this rule, distances are measured in the direction in which the driver is driving, and –
(a) for subrule (2) – as shown in example 1; or
(b) for subrule (3) – as shown in example 2.
(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Examples

Example 1

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Measurement of distance – intersection with traffic lights

Example 2

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Measurement of distance – T-intersection without traffic lights

171.   Stopping on or near a children’s crossing

(1)  A driver must not stop on a children’s crossing, or on the road within 20 metres before the crossing and 10 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80 , and parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from a children’s crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured –
(a) in the direction in which the driver is driving; and
(b) as shown in example 1 or 2.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Examples

Example 1

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Measurement of distance – children's crossing with red and white posts

Example 2

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Measurement of distance – children's crossing with 2 parallel continuous or broken lines

172.   Stopping on or near a pedestrian crossing (except at an intersection)

(1)  A driver must not stop on a pedestrian crossing that is not at an intersection, or on the road within 20 metres before the crossing and 10 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81 .

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from a crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured –
(a) in the direction in which the driver is driving; and
(b) as shown in the example.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Example

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Measurement of distance – pedestrian crossing

173.   Stopping on or near a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection)

(1)  A driver must not stop on a marked foot crossing that is not at an intersection, or on the road within 10 metres before the traffic lights pole nearest to the driver at the crossing and 3 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Intersection, marked foot crossing, parking control sign and traffic lights pole are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from a traffic lights pole or a crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured –
(a) in the direction in which the driver is driving; and
(b) as shown in the example.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Example

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Measurement of distance – marked foot crossing

174.   Stopping at or near bicycle crossing lights (except at an intersection)

(1)  This rule applies to a place on a road –
(a) with bicycle crossing lights facing bicycle riders crossing the road; and
(b) with traffic lights facing traffic travelling on the road; and
(c) that is not at an intersection.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights, intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not stop within 10 metres before the traffic lights nearest to the driver at the place, and 3 metres after the traffic lights, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from traffic lights if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(3)  For this rule, distances are measured –
(a) in the direction in which the driver is driving; and
(b) as shown in the example.
(4)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Example

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Measurement of distance – bicycle crossing lights

175.   Stopping on or near a level crossing

(1)  A driver must not stop on a level crossing, or on a road within 20 metres before the nearest rail or track to the driver approaching the crossing and 20 metres after the nearest rail or track to the driver leaving the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Level crossing is defined in rule 120 , and parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance from a level crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured as shown in the example.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Example

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Measurement of distance – level crossing

Division 4 - Stopping on clearways and freeways and in emergency stopping lanes

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

176.   Stopping on a clearway

(1)  A driver must not stop on a length of road to which a clearway sign applies, unless subrule (2) or (3) applies to the driver.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(1A)  In subrule (1)  –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

(2)  The driver of a public bus or public minibus may stop on the length of road if the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Note: Public bus and public minibus are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The driver of a taxi may stop on the length of road if –
(a) the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; and
(b) there is not another law of this jurisdiction prohibiting the driver of a taxi from stopping on a length of road to which a clearway sign applies.

Note: Taxi is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  A clearway sign applies, for the days or times indicated on the sign, to a length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) a clearway sign on the road that indicates different days or times;
(b) an end clearway sign on the road;
(c) the end of the road.

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Clearway sign

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End clearway sign

Note for diagrams: Anything on these signs may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

177.   Stopping on a freeway

(1)  A driver must not stop on a freeway unless –
(a) the driver stops in an emergency stopping lane; or
(b) the driver’s vehicle is permitted to stop on the freeway under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 .

Note 2: Rule 178 sets out when a driver can stop in an emergency stopping lane.

(2)  A freeway is a length of road to which a freeway sign applies.
(3)  A freeway sign on a road applies to a length of road beginning at the sign (including any road into which the length of road merges) and ending at the next end freeway sign on the road.

Freeway signs

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End freeway sign

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Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

178.   Stopping in an emergency stopping lane

A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not stop in an emergency stopping lane unless –
(a) the condition of the driver, a passenger or the driver’s vehicle, or any other factor, makes it necessary or desirable for the driver to stop in the emergency stopping lane in the interests of safety, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or
(b) the driver is permitted to stop in the emergency stopping lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle and driver’s vehicle are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 .

Division 5 - Stopping in zones for particular vehicles

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

Note 3
The signs mentioned in this Division are particular types of parking control sign (defined in the dictionary) to which the general rules about the application of parking control signs apply – see rules 332 to 335 .

179.   Stopping in a loading zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a loading zone unless the driver is driving –
(a) a public bus that is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; or
(b) [Rule 179 Subrule (1) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] a truck or service vehicle, together with any trailer that it may be towing, that is dropping off, or picking up, goods in the course of business; or
(c) a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the loading zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Public bus and truck are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: See clause 2 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(2)  A driver who is permitted to stop in a loading zone must not stay continuously in the zone for longer than –
(a) 30 minutes; or
(b) if information on or with the loading zone signs applying to the loading zone indicates another time – the indicated time; or
(c) for a driver who is permitted to stop in the loading zone under another law of this jurisdiction that provides for a shorter period – that period.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: With is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A loading zone is a length of a road to which a loading zone sign applies.

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Loading zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram:A loading zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

180.   Stopping in a truck zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a truck zone unless the driver is driving –
(a) a truck that is dropping off, or picking up, goods; or
(b) a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the truck zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Truck is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A truck zone is a length of a road to which a truck zone sign applies.

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Truck zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: A truck zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

181.   Stopping in a works zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a works zone unless the driver is driving a vehicle that is –
(a) engaged in construction work in or near the zone; or
(b) permitted to stop in the works zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(2)  A works zone is a length of a road to which a works zone sign applies.

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Works zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: A works zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

182.   Stopping in a taxi zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a taxi zone, unless the driver is driving a taxi.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Taxi is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A taxi zone is a length of a road to which a taxi zone sign applies.

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Taxi zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: A taxi zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

183.   Stopping in a bus zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a bus zone unless the driver is driving a public bus (except a public bus of a kind that is not permitted to stop in the bus zone by information on or with the bus zone sign applying to the bus zone).

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Public bus and with are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A bus zone is a length of a road to which a bus zone sign applies.

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Bus zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: A bus zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

184.   Stopping in a minibus zone

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a public minibus) must not stop in a minibus zone.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Public minibus is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A minibus zone is a length of road to which a minibus zone sign applies.

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Minibus zone sign

Note for diagram: A minibus zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

185.   Stopping in a permit zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a permit zone unless the driver’s vehicle displays a current permit issued under another law of this jurisdiction that permits the vehicle to stop in the zone.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A permit zone is a length of a road to which a permit zone sign applies.

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Permit zone sign

Note 1 for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: A permit zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

186.   Stopping in a mail zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a mail zone.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(2)  A mail zone is a length of a road to which a mail zone sign applies.

Note: Exemptions for drivers of postal vehicles may be provided under rule 313 .

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Mail zone sign

Note for diagram: A mail zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

Division 6 - Other places where stopping is restricted

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

187.   Stopping in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, tramway, transit lane, truck lane or on tram tracks

(1)  A driver must not stop in a bus lane, transit lane or truck lane unless the driver –
(a) is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and
(b) is permitted to drive in the lane under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: See clause 3 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(2)  A driver must not stop in a bicycle lane unless –
(a) the driver –
(i) is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and
(ii) is permitted to drive in the lane under the Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction; or
(b) the driver is permitted to stop or park in the bicycle lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: See clause 3 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(3)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, a tram recovery vehicle or a public bus) must not stop in a tram lane, a tramway or on tram tracks.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle lane is defined in rule 153 , bus lane is defined in rule 154 , tram lane is defined in rule 155 , tramway is defined in rule 155A , transit lane is defined in rule 156 , truck lane is defined in rule 157 , and public bus, public minibus, taxi, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 76 deals with drivers keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes or on tram tracks marked on each side by a yellow line.

Note 3: Division 6 of Part 11 deals with driving in bicycle lanes, bus lanes, tram lanes, tramways, transit lanes and truck lanes.

188.   Stopping in a shared zone

A driver must not stop in a shared zone unless –
(a) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules; or
(b) the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Road Rules; or
(c) the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or goods; or
(d) the driver is engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Parking bay and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and shared zone is defined in rule 24 .

189.   Double parking

(1)  A driver must not stop on a road if to do so would put any part of the vehicle that he or she is driving between a vehicle that is parked on the road and the centre of the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: One-way road and two-way road are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver does not contravene this rule by parking on the side of the road, or in a median strip parking area, in accordance with rule 210 .

Note: Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

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The vehicle marked with an 'X' is stopped in contravention of this rule

Example 2

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The angle parked vehicles are not stopped in contravention of this rule

190.   Stopping in or near a safety zone

(1)  A driver must not stop in a safety zone, or on a road within 10 metres before or after a safety zone, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance before or after something if the driver stops so any part of the vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured –
(a) in the direction in which the driver is driving; and
(b) from the end of the structure; and
(c) as shown in the example.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

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Safety zone sign

Example

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Measurement of distance – safety zone

The vehicles marked with an X are stopped in contravention of this rule.

191.   Stopping near an obstruction

A driver must not stop on a road near an obstruction on the road in a position that obstructs traffic on the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Obstruction is defined in the dictionary.

192.   Stopping on a bridge or in a tunnel, &c.

(1)  A driver must not stop on a bridge, causeway, ramp or similar structure unless –
(a) the road is at least as wide on the structure as it is on each of the approaches; or
(b) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not stop in a tunnel or underpass unless –
(a) the road is at least as wide in the tunnel or underpass as it is on each of the approaches; or
(b) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Example

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Stopping on a bridge where the road on the bridge is narrower than on the approach

The vehicle stopped is in contravention of subrule (1) .

193.   Stopping on a crest or curve outside a built-up area

(1)  A driver must not stop on or near a crest or curve on a length of road that is not in a built-up area unless –
(a) the driver’s vehicle is visible for 100 metres to drivers approaching the vehicle and travelling in the direction of travel of traffic on the same side of the road as the vehicle; or
(b) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Built-up area, driver’s vehicle and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

194.   Stopping near a fire hydrant, &c.

(1)  A driver must not stop within one metre of a fire hydrant, fire hydrant indicator, or fire plug indicator, unless –
(a) the driver is driving a public bus, and the driver stops at a bus stop or in a bus zone and does not leave the bus unattended; or
(b) the driver is driving a taxi, and the driver stops in a taxi zone and does not leave the taxi unattended; or
(c) the driver is driving a public minibus, and the driver stops in a minibus zone and does not leave the minibus unattended.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bus zone is defined in rule 183 , public bus, public minibus and taxi are defined in the dictionary, minibus zone is defined in rule 184 , and taxi zone is defined in rule 182 .

(2)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.
(3)  In this rule –
fire hydrant means an upright pipe with a spout, nozzle or other outlet for drawing water from a main or service pipe in case of fire or other emergency.

Examples

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Fire hydrant indicator

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Fire hydrant indicator

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Fire plug indicator

195.   Stopping at or near a bus stop

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a public bus) must not stop at a bus stop, or on the road, within 20 metres before a sign on the road that indicates the bus stop, and 10 metres after the sign, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Parking control sign and public bus are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance before or after a sign indicating a bus stop if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, distances are measured in the direction in which the driver is driving.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

196.   Stopping at or near a tram stop

(1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, a tram recovery vehicle or a public bus travelling along tram tracks) must not stop at a tram stop or on the road within 20 metres before a sign that indicates a tram stop, unless –
(a) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies; and
(b) the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Parking control sign, public bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops within a particular distance before a sign indicating a tram stop if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance – see rule 350(2) .

(2)  For this rule, the distance is measured in the direction in which the driver is driving.
(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

197.   Stopping on a path, dividing strip, nature strip, painted island or traffic island

(1)  A driver must not stop on a bicycle path, footpath, shared path or dividing strip, or a nature strip adjacent to a length of road in a built-up area, unless –
(a) the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules; or
(b) the driver is permitted to stop under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle path is defined in rule 239 , built-up area, dividing strip, footpath, nature strip and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

Note 2: A separated footpath is a particular kind of footpath – see rule 239 .

Note 3: See clause 4 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(1A)  A driver must not stop on a painted island.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 85 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a turning lane from a painted island and rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

(1B)  [Rule 197 Subrule (1B) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] A driver must not stop on a traffic island.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Traffic island is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  [Rule 197 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] Subrules (1) and (1B) do not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

198.   Obstructing access to and from a footpath, driveway, &c.

(1)  A driver must not stop on a road in a position that obstructs access by vehicles or pedestrians to or from a footpath ramp or a similar way of access to a footpath, or a bicycle path or passageway unless –
(a) the driver is driving a public bus that is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; or
(b) the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle path is defined in rule 239 , and footpath, parking bay and public bus are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A driver must not stop on or across a driveway or other way of access for vehicles travelling to or from adjacent land unless –
(a) the driver –
(i) is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; and
(ii) does not leave the vehicle unattended; and
(iii) completes the dropping off, or picking up, of the passengers, and drives on, as soon as possible and, in any case, within 2 minutes after stopping; or
(b) the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Adjacent land is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A driver stops on or across a driveway or way of access if any part of the vehicle is on or across the driveway or way of access – see rule 350 .

Example

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Blocking a driveway

The vehicle marked 'X' is stopped in contravention of subrule (2) .

(3)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so that the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.

199.   Stopping near a postbox

(1)  A driver must not stop on a road within 3 metres of a public postbox, unless the driver –
(a) is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or mail; or
(b) stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
public postbox means a structure that is declared to be a public postbox, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction.

200.   Stopping on roads: heavy and long vehicles

(1)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, must not stop on a length of road that is not in a built-up area, except on the shoulder of the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Built-up area is defined in the dictionary, and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

(2)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, must not stop on a length of road in a built-up area for longer than one hour, unless the driver is permitted to stop on the length of road for longer than one hour by information on or with a traffic control device, or under subrule (2A) or another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Traffic control device and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: See clause 5 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(2A)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, other than a bus, is permitted to stop on a length of road in a built up area for longer than one hour if, throughout the period when the vehicle is stopped on the length of road, the driver is engaged in dropping off, or picking up, goods.
(3)  In this rule –
heavy vehicle means a vehicle with a GVM of 4.5 tonnes or more;
long vehicle means a vehicle that, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer;
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note 1: GVM is defined in the dictionary, road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

201.   Stopping on a road with a bicycle parking sign

A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not stop on a length of road to which a bicycle parking sign applies, unless the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

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Bicycle parking sign

Note for diagram: Anything on this sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

202.   Stopping on a road with a motor bike parking sign

A driver (except the rider of a motor bike) must not stop on a length of road to which a motor bike parking sign applies, unless the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

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Motor bike parking sign

Note for diagram: Anything on this sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

203.   Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities

(1)  A driver must not stop in a parking area for people with disabilities unless –
(a) the driver’s vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities; and
(b) the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle and parking permit for people with disabilities are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: See clause 6 of division 1 of Part 2 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional definition.

(2)  A parking area for people with disabilities is a length or area of a road –
(a) to which a permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol applies; or
(b) to which a people with disabilities parking sign applies; or
(c) indicated by a road marking (a people with disabilities road marking) that consists of, or includes, a people with disabilities symbol.

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People with disabilities symbol

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People with disabilities symbol

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Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol (for a length of road)

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Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol (for an area)

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People with disabilities parking sign

Note for diagrams: Anything on these signs may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

203A.   Stopping in a slip lane

A driver must not stop in a slip lane unless –
(a) a parking control sign applies to the place where the driver stops; and
(b) the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Parking control sign and slip lane are defined in the dictionary.

Division 7 - Permissive parking signs and parking fees

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

204.   Meaning of certain information on or with permissive parking signs

(1)  This rule explains the meaning of certain information on or with a permissive parking sign applying to a length of road or an area.

Note: With is defined in the dictionary.

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Permissive parking sign (for a length of road)

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Permissive parking sign (for an area)

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Permissive parking sign (for a length of road)

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A permissive parking sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged – see rule 316(4) .

Note: Rule 318(1) and (2) deal with the effect of information on or with a traffic control device (including a permissive parking sign) that limits the application of the device to particular times or days. Under rule 318(3) , if the information indicates that the device applies on a particular day, for example Friday, the sign does not have effect on a Friday that is a public holiday unless otherwise stated.

(2)  A whole number, fraction, or whole number and fraction, immediately to the left of the letter ‘P’ indicates that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the period of hours, or fraction of an hour, equal to the number, fraction, or number and fraction, shown.

Examples of permissive parking signs showing permitted parking periods and times of operation

Example 1

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Permissive parking sign applying to a length of road with a whole number to the left of P

Indicates that a driver must not park continuously for longer than 1 hour on Saturdays between 9 am and 12 noon.

Example 2

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Permissive parking sign applying to an area with a whole number to the left of P

Indicates that a driver must not park in the area for longer than 2 hours on Mondays to Fridays between 8.30 am and 5 pm, and on Saturdays between 8.30 am and 12 noon, unless permitted by information on or with another traffic control device.

(3)  A number, together with the word ‘minute’, immediately to the right of the letter ‘P’ indicate that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the number of minutes shown.

Example 3

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Permissive parking sign with a number of minutes to the right of P

Indicates that a driver must not park continuously for longer than 5 minutes on Mondays to Fridays between 9 am and 4 pm.

(4)  The word ‘parking’, together with words indicating a number of hours or minutes, indicate that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the number of hours or minutes shown.

205.   Parking for longer than indicated

(1)  A driver must not park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies for longer than the period indicated by information on or with the sign or, if rule 206 applies to the driver, the period allowed under that rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note : With is defined in the dictionary.

(1A)  If a permissive parking sign does not indicate a period and does not indicate that it applies at particular times, or at particular times on particular days, a driver may, at any time, park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which the sign applies, unless –
(a) another parking control sign applies to the length of road or area; and
(b) the driver is prohibited from parking on the length of road, or in the area, under the Road Rules.

Note : Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  For subrule (1) , a driver parks continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies, from the time when the driver parks on the length of road, or in the area, until the driver, or another driver, moves the vehicle off the length of road, or out of the area, to which the permissive parking sign applies.

205A.   Parking outside times indicated

If a permissive parking sign indicates that it applies at particular times, or at particular times on particular days, a driver may park on the length of road, or in an area, to which the sign applies at a time, or at a time on a day, when the sign does not apply, unless –
(a) another parking control sign applies to the length of road or area; and
(b) the driver is prohibited from parking on the length of road, or in the area, at that time, or at that time on that day, under the Road Rules.

Note 1: Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 318(1) and (2) deal with the effect of information on or with a traffic control device (including a permissive parking sign) that limits the application of the device to particular times or days. Under rule 318(3) , if the information indicates that the device applies on a particular day, for example Friday, the sign does not have effect on a Friday that is a public holiday at the place where the device is located, unless otherwise stated.

206.   Time extension for people with disabilities

(1)  This rule applies to a driver –
(a) if the driver’s vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities; and
(b) the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit.

Note: Driver’s vehicle and parking permit for people with disabilities are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  [Rule 206 Subrule (2) substituted by S.R. 2010, No. 93, Applied:30 Sep 2010] The driver may park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies (except in a parking area for people with disabilities) for the longest of the following periods that applies to his or her circumstances:
(a) if the time limit on the sign –
(i) is less than 30 minutes, 30 minutes; or
(ii) is 30 minutes or more but 1 hour or less, 2 hours; or
(iii) is more than 1 hour, twice the period indicated on the sign;
(b) if another law of this jurisdiction permits the driver to park for a longer period, the longer period;
(c) if another law of this jurisdiction permits the driver to park for an unlimited period, an unlimited period.

207.   Parking where fees are payable

(1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that a fee is payable for parking by buying a ticket or putting money into a parking meter.

Note: With is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must –
(a) pay the fee (if any) payable under the law of this jurisdiction; and
(b) obey any instructions on or with the sign, meter, ticket or ticket-vending machine.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Division 8 - Parallel parking

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

208.   Parallel parking on a road (except in a median strip parking area)

(1)  A driver who parks on a road (except in a median strip parking area) must position the driver’s vehicle in accordance with subrules (2) to (8) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Driver’s vehicle and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must position the vehicle to face –
(a) in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic on, or next to, the part of the road where the driver parks; or
(b) if there is no traffic on, or next to, that part of the road – in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road.

Note : Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If the road is a two-way road, the driver must position the vehicle parallel, and as near as practicable, to the far left side of the road.

Note: Two-way road is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  If the road is a one-way road, the driver must position the vehicle parallel, and as near as practicable, to the far left or far right side of the road, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.

Note: One-way road, parking control sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

(5)  If the driver does not park in a parking bay, the driver must position the vehicle at least one metre from the closest point of any vehicle in front of it and any vehicle behind it.

Note: Parking bay is defined in the dictionary.

(6)  If the road has a continuous dividing line or a dividing strip, the driver must position the vehicle at least 3 metres from the continuous dividing line or dividing strip, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.

Note: Dividing line and dividing strip are defined in the dictionary.

(7)  If the road does not have a continuous dividing line or a dividing strip, the driver must position the vehicle so there is at least 3 metres of the road alongside the vehicle that is clear for other vehicles to pass, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.
(8)  The driver must position the vehicle so the vehicle does not unreasonably obstruct the path of other vehicles or pedestrians.
(9)  This rule does not apply to –
(a) a driver if the driver parks on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign or road marking applies, and information on or with the sign or road marking includes the words ‘angle parking’ or ‘angle’; or
(b) the rider of a motor bike if the rider parks the motor bike on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies and the sign indicates that the length of road or area is for parking motor bikes.

Note 1: Motor bike and road marking are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Division 9 deals with angle parking.

(10)  Subrules (3) and (4) do not apply to the rider of a motor bike if the rider positions the motor bike so at least one wheel is as near as practicable to the far left or far right side of the road.
(11)  If a road has one or more service roads, the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles, and each service road, is taken to be a separate road for this rule.

Note: Part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles and service road are defined in the dictionary.

(12)  In this rule –
continuous dividing line means –
(a) a single continuous dividing line only; or
(b) a single continuous dividing line to the left or right of a broken dividing line; or
(c) 2 parallel continuous dividing lines;
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Example

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Parallel parking – minimum distance from other vehicles and dividing strip

The vehicles marked with an 'X' are parked in contravention of this rule.

208A.   Parallel parking in a road-related area (except in a median strip parking area)

(1)  A driver who parks in a road-related area (except in a median strip parking area) must position the driver’s vehicle to face –
(a) in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic next to the part of the road-related area where the driver parks; or
(b) if there is no traffic next to that part of the road-related area – in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel in the road-related area; or
(c) if the road-related area is an area that divides a road – either –
(i) in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic to the left of the driver; or
(ii) if there is no traffic to the left of the driver – in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Driver’s vehicle, line of traffic, marked lane and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary and road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

(2)  Subrule (1) does not apply if –
(a) another law of this jurisdiction permits the driver to park in another manner in the road-related area; or
(b) signs or road markings indicate that angle parking is required in the road-related area.

209.   Parallel parking in a median strip parking area

(1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks in a median strip parking area if a parking control sign or road marking applies to the area, and information on or with the sign or road marking indicates that the driver’s vehicle must be positioned parallel to the median strip.

Note: Driver’s vehicle, median strip, median strip parking area, parking control sign, road marking and with are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must position the driver’s vehicle –
(a) to face –
(i) in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic to the left of the driver; or
(ii) if there is no traffic to the left of the driver – in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road; and
(b) parallel, and as near as practicable, to the centre of the median strip; and
(c) if the driver does not park in a parking bay – at least one metre from the closest point of any vehicle in front of it and any vehicle behind it.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Marked lane and parking bay are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note: Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Division 9 - Angle parking

Note 1
Park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

210.   Angle parking

(1)  If a driver parks in a parking area on the side of a road, or in a median strip parking area –
(a) to which a parking control sign with the words ‘angle parking’ or ‘angle’ applies; or
(b) to which a road marking indicating an angle applies –
the driver must position the driver’s vehicle in accordance with subrules (2) to (4) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle, median strip parking area, parking area, parking control sign, road marking and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 212 deals with whether a driver enters a median strip parking area forwards or in reverse.

(2)  If the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at a specified angle (other than 90 degrees), the driver must position the vehicle –
(a) so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to the specified angle; and
(b) if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road – with the rear of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.
(2A)  If the parking control sign or road marking does not indicate the angle at which the vehicle must be positioned, the driver must position the vehicle –
(a) so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 45 degrees, as shown in example 1 or 2; and
(b) if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road – with the rear of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.

Examples

Example 1

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Parking at 45 degrees at the side of a two-way road

Example 2

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Parking at 45 degrees at the right side of a one-way road

(2B)  Subrules (2) and (2A) do not apply if the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’ or similar words.
(3)  If the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at an angle of 90 degrees, the driver –
(a) must position the driver’s vehicle so the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 90 degrees, as shown in example 3 or 4; and
(b) if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road –
(i) if the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’ or ‘front in’, or similar words – must position the vehicle so that the front of the vehicle is nearest the centre of the road, or the rear of the vehicle is nearest the centre of the road, in accordance with the road marking or sign; or
(ii) otherwise – may position the vehicle either way around.

Examples

Example 3

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Parking at 90 degrees at the side of a two-way road

Example 4

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Parking at 90 degrees at the right side of a one-way road

(4)  If the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’, or similar words, the driver must position the driver’s vehicle –
(a) so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to –
(i) the angle indicated by the road marking or parking control sign; or
(ii) if the road marking or parking control sign does not indicate an angle – 45 degrees; and
(b) if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road – with the front of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.
(4A)  Subrule (4) does not apply if the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at an angle of 90 degrees.

Examples for subrule (4)

Example 5

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Parking 'rear in' at 30 degrees at the side of a road

Example 6

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Parking 'rear in' at 30 degrees in a median strip parking area

Example 7

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Parking 'rear in' at 45 degrees at the side of a road

Example 8

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Parking 'rear in' at 45 degrees in a median strip parking area

Example 9

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Parking 'rear in' at 60 degrees at the side of a road

Example 10

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Parking 'rear in' at 60 degrees in a median strip parking area

(5)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note: Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Division 10 - Other parking related rules

Note 1
Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2
Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

211.   Parking in parking bays

(1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks on a length of road, or in an area, that has parking bays (whether or not a park in bays only sign applies to the length of road or area).

Note: Parking bay is defined in the dictionary.

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Park in bays only sign

(2)  The driver must position the driver’s vehicle completely within a single parking bay, unless the vehicle is too wide or long to fit completely within the bay.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Vehicle includes a combination – see rule 15(d) .

(3)  If the vehicle is too wide or long to fit completely within a single parking bay, the driver must park the driver’s vehicle within the minimum number of parking bays needed to park the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

212.   Entering and leaving a median strip parking area

(1)  If information on or with a traffic control device indicates that a driver must enter or leave a median strip parking area in a particular direction, the driver must enter or leave the area in that direction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Median strip parking area, traffic control device and with are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If there is no information on or with a traffic control device that indicates that a driver must enter or leave a median strip parking area in a particular direction, the driver must enter or leave the area by driving forward.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Example

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Leaving median strip parking area by driving forward

213.   Making a motor vehicle secure

(1)  This rule applies to the driver of a motor vehicle who stops and leaves the vehicle on a road, except so far as the driver is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note : Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  Before leaving the vehicle, the driver must apply the parking brake effectively or, if weather conditions (for example, snow) would prevent the effective operation of the parking brake, effectively restrain the motor vehicle's movement in another way.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle, the driver must switch off the engine before leaving the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: See clause 7 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(4)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle, and –
(a) there is no-one left in the vehicle; or
(b) there is only a child or children under 16 years old left in the vehicle –
the driver must remove the ignition key before leaving the vehicle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(5)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle and there is no-one left in the vehicle, the driver must –
(a) if the windows of the vehicle can be secured – secure the windows immediately before leaving the vehicle; and
(b) if the doors of the vehicle can be locked – lock the doors immediately after leaving the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Window is defined in the dictionary.

(6)  For the purposes of subrule (5) , a window is secure even if it is open by up to 2 centimetres.
PART 13 - Lights and warning devices
Division 1 - Lights on vehicles (except bicycles, animals and animal-drawn vehicles)

214.   Division does not apply to riders of bicycles, animals or animal-drawn vehicles

This Division does not apply to the rider of a bicycle, animal or animal-drawn vehicle.

Note 1: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: The rules for using lights when riding a bicycle or an animal-drawn vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions, are:

(a) for riders of bicycles – rule 259

(b) for riders of animal-drawn vehicles – rule 223 .

215.   Using lights when driving at night or in hazardous weather conditions

(1)  A driver must not drive at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility unless –
(a) the headlights, tail lights and number plate light fitted to the driver’s vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; and
(b) if the vehicle is fitted with clearance lights or side marker lights – those lights are operating effectively and are clearly visible.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle and night are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Drive includes be in control of – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  However, this rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is stopped or parked at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop or park at that place under the Road Rules.

Note: Length of road and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  Also, a driver driving during the day in fog, or other hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, may drive without the headlights of the driver’s vehicle operating if the vehicle is fitted with front fog lights and those lights are operating effectively and are clearly visible.
(4)  In subrule (1) , a reference to a kind of light fitted to a vehicle is a reference to a light of that kind required to be fitted to the vehicle under another law of this jurisdiction.

216.   Towing a vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions

(1)  A driver must not tow a vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility unless –
(a) if the towed vehicle is being towed from the front of the vehicle –
(i) the tail lights of the vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; or
(ii) the vehicle has portable rear lights that are operating; or
(b) if the towed vehicle is being towed from the rear of the vehicle – the vehicle has portable rear lights that are operating.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Night is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  However, this rule does not apply to the driver of a tow truck if –
(a) the driver is towing a disabled vehicle carrying a placard load of dangerous goods to a place that is safely off the road; and
(b) a vehicle carrying a warning to other traffic is following immediately behind the disabled vehicle.
(3)  In this rule –
dangerous goods has the meaning given, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction;

Note: See clause 14 of division 2 of Part 2 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional definition.

placard load has the meaning given, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction;

Note: See clause 14 of division 2 of Part 2 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional definition.

portable rear lights means –
(a) for a vehicle being towed from the front of the vehicle – a pair of lights attached to the rear of the vehicle that, when operating, show a red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the vehicle; and
(b) for a vehicle being towed from the rear of the vehicle – a pair of lights attached to the front of the vehicle that, when operating, show a red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the vehicle;
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

217.   Using fog lights

(1)  The driver of a vehicle fitted with front fog lights or rear fog lights must not operate the fog lights unless the driver is driving in fog or other hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  In this rule –
front fog light means a light (other than a headlight) fitted to the front of a vehicle to improve illumination of the road in fog, snowfall, heavy rain or dust clouds;
rear fog light means a light (other than a brake light, a tail light, a number plate light or a reversing light) fitted to the rear of a vehicle to make the vehicle more easily visible from the rear in fog, snowfall, heavy rain or dust clouds.

218.   Using headlights on high-beam

(1)  The driver of a vehicle must not use the vehicle’s headlights on high-beam, or allow the vehicle’s headlights to be used on high-beam, if the driver is driving –
(a) less than 200 metres behind a vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver; or
(b) less than 200 metres from an oncoming vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: High-beam and oncoming vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  However, if the driver is overtaking a vehicle, the driver may briefly switch the headlights from low-beam to high-beam immediately before the driver begins to overtake the vehicle.

Note: Low-beam and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

graphic image

Using headlights on low-beam when travelling less than 200 metres behind another vehicle travelling in the same direction

Example 2

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Using headlights on low-beam when travelling within 200 metres of an oncoming vehicle

219.   Lights not to be used to dazzle other road users

A driver must not use, or allow to be used, any light fitted to or in the driver’s vehicle to dazzle, or in a way that is likely to dazzle, another road user.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, and road user is defined in rule 14 .

Note 2: Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle – see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

220.   Using lights on vehicles that are stopped

(1)  A driver must not stop on a road at night unless –
(a) if the driver’s vehicle is 2.2 metres wide, or wider – the clearance and side marker lights fitted to the vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; or
(b) in any other case – the parking lights fitted to the driver’s vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Note: Driver’s vehicle and night are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver stops on a length of road, or in an area, with street lighting and the driver’s vehicle is visible for at least 200 metres in all directions from the vehicle.

Note: Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In subrule (1) , a reference to a kind of light fitted to a vehicle is a reference to a light of that kind required to be fitted to the vehicle under another law of this jurisdiction.
(4)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

221.   Using hazard warning lights

(1)  The driver of a vehicle fitted with hazard warning lights must not use the hazard warning lights, or allow them to be used, unless –
(a) the vehicle is stopped and is obstructing, or is likely to obstruct, the path of other vehicles or pedestrians; or
(b) the vehicle is a slow-moving vehicle and is obstructing, or is likely to obstruct, the path of other vehicles or pedestrians; or
(c) the vehicle is stopped in an emergency stopping lane; or
(d) the driver stops the vehicle to sell a product (for example, ice creams) that may attract children onto the road; or
(e) the driver is driving in hazardous weather conditions (for example, fog or smoke); or
(f) the vehicle is a bus carrying children, and the driver stops the vehicle to drop off or pick up a child and is required or permitted to operate the hazard warning lights under another law of this jurisdiction; or
(g) the hazard warning lights are operating as part of an anti-theft device, or an alcohol interlock device, fitted to the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Bus and hazard warning lights are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95 .

Note 2: Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle – see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

Note 3: A vehicle does not obstruct another vehicle only because the vehicle is stopped in traffic or is travelling more slowly than other vehicles – see the definition of obstruction in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
alcohol interlock device means a device in a vehicle that is designed to prevent the vehicle from being started or driven unless the device is supplied with a breath sample that contains either no alcohol, or less than a certain concentration of alcohol.

222.   Using warning lights on buses carrying children

(1)  This rule applies to the driver of a bus carrying children if the bus is required to be fitted with warning lights under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note: Bus is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must not stop the bus to drop off or pick up a child unless the warning lights are operating as required under the law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 15 penalty units.

Division 2 - Lights on animal-drawn vehicles

223.   Using lights when riding an animal-drawn vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions

A person must not ride an animal-drawn vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, unless the vehicle is fitted with, and displays –
(a) a white light fitted at or towards the front of each side of the vehicle that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the vehicle; and
(b) a red light fitted at or towards the rear of each side of the vehicle that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the vehicle; and
(c) a red reflector fitted at or towards the rear of each side of the vehicle that is –
(i) not over 1.5 metres above ground level; and
(ii) clearly visible for at least 50 metres from the rear of the vehicle when light is projected onto it by another vehicle’s headlight on low-beam.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Low-beam and night are defined in the dictionary.

Division 3 - Horns and radar detectors

224.   Using horns and similar warning devices

A driver must not use, or allow to be used, a horn, or similar warning device, fitted to or in the driver’s vehicle unless –
(a) it is necessary to use the horn, or warning device, to warn other road users or animals of the approach or position of the vehicle; or
(b) the horn, or warning device, is being used as part of an anti-theft device, or an alcohol interlock device, fitted to the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, road user is defined in rule 14 and alcohol interlock device is defined in rule 221 .

Note 2: Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle – see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

225.   Using radar detectors and similar devices

(1)  A person must not drive a vehicle if the vehicle, or a trailer being towed by the vehicle, has in or on it a device for preventing the effective use of a speed measuring device, or a device for detecting the use of a speed measuring device, unless the person is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note:Drive includes be in control of – see the definition in the dictionary.

(2)  A person who is travelling in or on a vehicle or trailer must not have in his or her possession a device for preventing the effective use of a speed measuring device, or a device for detecting the use of a speed measuring device, unless the person is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(3)  Subrules (1) and (2) apply whether or not the device is operating or in working order.

Note: Under the law of this jurisdiction, radar detectors and similar devices may be subject to confiscation – see section 41D of the Traffic Act 1925.

Division 4 - Portable warning triangles for heavy vehicles

226.   Heavy vehicles to be equipped with portable warning triangles

(1)  A person must not drive a vehicle with a GVM over 12 tonnes unless the vehicle is equipped with at least 3 portable warning triangles.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: GVM and portable warning triangle are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The person must produce the portable warning triangles for inspection if the person is directed to do so by a police officer or an authorised person.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

227.   Using portable warning triangles

(1)  This rule applies to a driver if the GVM of the driver’s vehicle is over 12 tonnes.

Note: Driver’s vehicle and GVM are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the driver stops on a road and the vehicle is not visible at any time for at least 200 metres in all directions from the vehicle, the driver must use at least 3 portable warning triangles, positioned in accordance with subrule (4) , to warn other road users of the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Portable warning triangle is defined in the dictionary, and road user is defined in rule 14 .

Note 2: See rule 220 for the requirement to operate certain lights on vehicles that are stopped.

(3)  If some or all of any load being carried by the vehicle falls onto a road and is not clearly visible at any time for at least 200 metres in all directions from the fallen load, the driver must use at least 3 portable warning triangles, positioned in accordance with subrule (4) , to warn other road users of the fallen load.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(4)  The driver must position the portable warning triangles so –
(a) one triangle is at least 50 metres, but not over 150 metres, in front of the vehicle or fallen load; and
(b) one triangle is at least 50 metres, but not over 150 metres, behind the vehicle or fallen load; and
(c) one triangle is at the side of the vehicle, or fallen load, in a position that gives sufficient warning to other road users of the position of the vehicle or fallen load.
(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

PART 14 - Rules for pedestrians
Division 1 - General

Note 1
For the Road Rules, a pedestrian includes:
(a) a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at or over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground);
(b) a person in a non-motorised wheelchair;
(c) a person pushing a motorised or non-motorised wheelchair;
(d) a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy (see rule 18 ).

Note 2
Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

228.   No pedestrians signs

A pedestrian must not travel past a no pedestrians sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

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No pedestrians sign

229.   Pedestrians on a road with a road access sign

A pedestrian must not be on a length of road to which a road access sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that pedestrians are not permitted beyond the sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Length of road and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For the way in which a road access sign applies, see rule 97 . The sign is usually used on a freeway.

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Road access sign

Note 1 for diagram: There are a number of other permitted versions of the road access sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagram: The sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons – see rule 316(4) .

230.   Crossing a road: general

(1)  A pedestrian crossing a road –
(a) must cross by the shortest safe route; and
(b) must not stay on the road longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  However, if the pedestrian is crossing the road at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign, the pedestrian may cross the road diagonally at the intersection.

Note: Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

graphic image

Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

231.   Crossing a road at pedestrian lights

(1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with pedestrian lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the pedestrian lights show a red pedestrian light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the pedestrian lights change to green.

Note 1: Green pedestrian light and red pedestrian light are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: A traffic control device (including pedestrian lights) generally only applies to a person if the device faces the person – see Division 3 of Part 20 , especially rule 340 .

(3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the pedestrian lights change to flashing red or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following:
(a) a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area);
(b) the nearest side of the road.

Note: Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(4)  If, under subrule (3) , the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the pedestrian lights change to green.
(5)  However, if the pedestrian cannot operate the pedestrian lights from the safety area, the pedestrian may cross to the far side of the road when –
(a) the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing; and
(b) it is safe to do so.

Note: Red traffic light is defined in the dictionary.

(6)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

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Red pedestrian light showing red pedestrian symbol

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Green pedestrian light showing green pedestrian symbol

Note
[Rule 231 Subrule (6) amended by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] Rule 248A applies this rule to a rider of a bicycle.

232.   Crossing a road at traffic lights

(1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with traffic lights, but without pedestrian lights, must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the traffic lights show a red or yellow traffic light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.

Note: Green traffic light, red traffic light and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the traffic lights change to yellow or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following:
(a) a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area);
(b) the far side of the road.

Note: Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(4)  If, under subrule (3) , the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.
(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

233.   Crossing a road to or from a tram

(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road to get on a tram at a tram stop until the tram has stopped at the tram stop.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Tram is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A pedestrian crossing a road after getting off a tram –
(a) must cross to the nearest footpath by the shortest safe route or, if there is no footpath, cross the road by the shortest safe route; and
(b) must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  This rule does not apply to a pedestrian –
(a) on a safety zone; or
(b) crossing a road to or from a safety zone.

Note: Safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(4)  Subrule (2) does not apply to –
(a) a pedestrian in a shared zone; or
(b) an employee of a public transport operator who is in uniform and engaged in carrying out his or her duties.

Note: Shared zone is defined in rule 24 .

(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road;
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note 1: Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

Note 2: For the duties of drivers where there are pedestrians getting on or off trams or buses, or in safety zones, see rules 162 to 164 .

234.   Crossing a road on or near a crossing for pedestrians

(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road, or part of a road, within 20 metres of a crossing on the road, except at the crossing or another crossing, unless the pedestrian is –
(a) crossing, or helping another pedestrian to cross, an area of the road between tram tracks and the far left side of the road to get on, or after getting off, a tram or public bus; or
(b) crossing to or from a safety zone; or
(c) crossing at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign; or
(d) crossing in a shared zone; or
(e) crossing a road, or a part of a road, from which vehicles are excluded, either permanently or temporarily.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Intersection, public bus, traffic lights, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, safety zone is defined in rule 162 , and shared zone is defined in rule 24 .

(2)  A pedestrian must not stay on a crossing on a road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  Subrule (2) does not apply to a person who is helping pedestrians cross a road at a crossing if the person is permitted to do so under another law of this jurisdiction.
(4)  In this rule –
crossing means a children’s crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing.

Note: Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80 , marked foot crossing is defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.

graphic image

Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign

Note for diagram: There is another permitted version of this sign – see the diagram in Schedule 3 .

235.   Crossing a level crossing

(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing unless –
(a) there is a pedestrian facility at the crossing and the pedestrian uses the facility; or
(b) there is no pedestrian facility at, or within 20 metres of, the crossing.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Level crossing is defined in rule 120 .

Note 2: If the pedestrian facility is a footpath or shared path at which there is a red pedestrian light, rule 235A imposes further obligations on pedestrians using the facility.

(2)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing if –
(a) warning lights (for example, twin red lights or rotating red lights) are flashing or warning bells are ringing; or
(b) a gate, boom or barrier at the crossing is closed or is opening or closing; or
(c) a train or tram is on or entering the crossing; or
(d) a train or tram approaching the crossing can be seen from the crossing or is sounding a warning, and there would be a danger of the pedestrian being struck by the train or tram if the pedestrian entered the crossing; or
(e) the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Example for subrule (2)(e)

The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by stock on the road.

Note: Enter and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2A)  If any of the following events occurs after a pedestrian has started to cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing, he or she must finish crossing the line or tracks without delay:
(a) warning lights start flashing, or warning bells start ringing;
(b) a gate, boom or barrier starts to close;
(c) a train or tram approaches the crossing.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  In this rule –
pedestrian facility means a footpath, bridge or other structure designed for the use of pedestrians.

Note: Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

235A.   Crossing a pedestrian level crossing that has a red pedestrian light

(1)  A pedestrian level crossing is an area where a footpath or shared path crosses a railway line or tram tracks at substantially the same level.

Note: Footpath, shared path and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If a pedestrian approaches a pedestrian level crossing that has a red pedestrian light, he or she must not start to cross the crossing while the light is red.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Red pedestrian light is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  If a red pedestrian light at a pedestrian level crossing appears after a pedestrian has started to cross the crossing, he or she must finish crossing the crossing without delay.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Red pedestrian light is defined in the dictionary.

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Red pedestrian light showing red pedestrian symbol

236.   Pedestrians not to cause a traffic hazard or obstruction

(1)  A pedestrian must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  A pedestrian must not unreasonably obstruct the path of any driver or another pedestrian.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  For subrule (2) , a pedestrian does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another pedestrian only by travelling more slowly than other pedestrians.
(4)  A pedestrian must not stand on, or move onto, a road to –
(a) solicit contributions, employment or business from an occupant of a vehicle; or
(b) [this paragraph is intentionally left blank]; or
(c) display an advertisement; or
(d) sell or offer articles for sale; or
(e) wash or clean, or offer to wash or clean, the windscreen of a vehicle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note
Paragraph (b) is intentionally blank for Tasmania's road rules. The equivalent paragraph in the Australian road rules refers to hitchhiking but hitchhiking does not constitute part of the offence in Tasmania.
(5)  A driver, or a passenger, in or on a vehicle must not buy, or offer to buy, an article or service from a person standing on a road.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(6)  Subrules (4) and (5) do not apply to the carrying on of an activity permitted by another law of this jurisdiction.
(7)  In this rule –
road includes any shoulder of the road, and any median strip, painted island or traffic island, but does not include any other road-related area.

Note: Median strip, painted island and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12 , and road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

237.   Getting on or into a moving vehicle

(1)  A person must not get on, or into, a moving vehicle unless –
(a) the person is engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, and is required to get in or out of the vehicle, or on or off the vehicle, at frequent intervals; and
(b) the vehicle is not travelling at a speed over 5 kilometres per hour.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  This rule does not apply to a person who is getting on or off a bicycle or animal.

Note 1: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 269(1) prohibits a person getting off, or out of, a moving vehicle.

238.   Pedestrians travelling along a road (except in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy)

(1)  A pedestrian must not travel along a road if there is a footpath or nature strip adjacent to the road, unless it is impracticable to travel on the footpath or nature strip.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Footpath and nature strip are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A pedestrian travelling along a road –
(a) must keep as far to the left or right side of the road as is practicable; and
(ab) must, when moving forward, face approaching traffic that is moving in the direction opposite to which the pedestrian is travelling, unless it is impracticable to do so; and
(b) must not travel on the road alongside more than one other pedestrian or vehicle travelling on the road in the same direction as the pedestrian, unless the pedestrian is overtaking other pedestrians.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2A)  [Rule 238 Subrule (2A) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] This rule does not apply to a pedestrian in a shared zone.

Note: Shared zone is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
pedestrian does not include a person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy;
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note 1: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , shoulder is defined in rule 12 , and wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Persons travelling on roads in or on wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys are dealt with in rule 241 .

239.   Pedestrians on a bicycle path or separated footpath

(1)  A pedestrian must not be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, unless the pedestrian –
(a) is crossing the bicycle path or separated footpath by the shortest safe route; and
(b) does not stay on the bicycle path or separated footpath for longer than necessary to cross the bicycle path or separated footpath safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary, and bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in subrule (4) .

Note 2: Rule 336 deals with how parts of a separated footpath are designated for bicycle riders and pedestrians.

(2)  However, a pedestrian may be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, if –
(a) the pedestrian is –
(i) in or pushing a wheelchair; or
(ii) on rollerblades, rollerskates or a similar wheeled recreational device; and
(b) there is no traffic control device, or information on or with a traffic control device, applying to the bicycle path or separated footpath that indicates that the pedestrian is not permitted to be on the bicycle path or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.

Note 1: Traffic control device, wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Rule 243(2) provides that a person travelling on rollerblades, rollerskates, or a similar wheeled recreational device, on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle.

(3)  A pedestrian who is crossing a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle, or any pedestrian who is permitted under subrule (2) to be on the bicycle path, or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(4)  In the Road Rules –
bicycle path means a length of path beginning at a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) an end bicycle path sign or end bicycle path road marking;
(b) a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking;
(c) a road (except a road-related area);
(d) the end of the path;

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 .

bicycle path road marking means a road marking on a path, consisting of a bicycle symbol, the words "bicycles only", or both the bicycle symbol and the word "only";

Note: Bicycle symbol is defined in the dictionary.

end bicycle path road marking means a bicycle path road marking with the word "end";
end separated footpath road marking means a separated footpath road marking with the word "end";
separated footpath means a length of footpath beginning at a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) an end separated footpath sign or end separated footpath road marking;
(b) a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking;
(c) a no bicycles sign or no bicycles road marking;
(d) a road (except a road-related area);
(e) the end of the footpath;

Note: Footpath and no bicycles road marking are defined in the dictionary.

separated footpath road marking means a road marking on a footpath consisting of a pedestrian symbol and a bicycle symbol side by side, with or without the word "only".

Note: Pedestrian symbol is defined in the dictionary.

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Bicycle path sign

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End bicycle path sign

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Separated footpath sign

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End separated footpath sign

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No bicycles sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle path sign and the end bicycle path sign, and another permitted version of each of the other signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A separated footpath sign may have the pedestrian symbol and the bicycle symbol reversed – see rule 316(4) .

Division 2 - Rules for persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys

Note 1
For the Road Rules a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy is a pedestrian, not a rider – see rule 18(d) . This Division contains rules that apply only to persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys.

Note 2
Wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

Note 3
Rules that apply to users of wheeled recreational devices also apply to users of motorised scooters – see the definitions of wheeled recreational device and motorised scooter in the dictionary.

240A.   No wheeled recreational devices or toys sign

A person on a road who is travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy must not travel past a no wheeled recreational devices or toys sign.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

No wheeled recreational devices or toys sign

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240.   Wheeled recreational devices and toys not to be used on certain roads

(1)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy on –
(a) a road with a dividing line or median strip; or
(b) a road on which the speed-limit is greater than 50 kilometres per hour; or
(c) a one-way road with more than one marked lane.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled recreational device –
(a) on a road that is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road on which wheeled recreational devices are prohibited; or
(b) on a road at night; or
(c) on a road at any other time if another law of this jurisdiction prohibits wheeled recreational devices from being on all roads, or that road, at that time.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Night is defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled toy –
(a) on a road that is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road on which wheeled toys are prohibited; or
(b) on a road at a particular time if another law of this jurisdiction prohibits wheeled toys on all roads, or that road, at that time.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3A)  Subrules (1) and (2) do not apply to a person who is crossing a road in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy, if the person –
(a) crosses the road by the shortest safe route; and
(b) does not stay on the road longer than necessary to cross the road safely; and
(c) is not prohibited, under another law of this jurisdiction, from crossing the road in or on the wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.
(4)  In subrules (1) and (2)(b)  –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

241.   Travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy on a road

(1)  A person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy on a road –
(a) must keep as far to the left side of the road as is practicable; and
(b) must not travel alongside more than one other pedestrian or vehicle travelling on the road in the same direction as the person, unless the person is overtaking other pedestrians.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but, in subrule (1)(b) , includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

242.   Travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy on a footpath or shared path

(1)  A person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy on a footpath or shared path must –
(a) keep to the left of the footpath or shared path unless it is impracticable to do so; and
(b) give way to any pedestrian (except a person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy) who is on the footpath or shared path.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: For this rule, give way means the person must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3: Bicycle riders on footpaths and shared paths must give way to persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices or toys, as well as other pedestrians – see rule 250(2) .

Note 4: Another law of this jurisdiction may prescribe give way rules for persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices or toys.

(2)  A shared path is an area open to the public (except a separated footpath) that is designated for, or has as one of its main uses, use by both the riders of bicycles and pedestrians, and includes a length of path for use by both bicycles and pedestrians beginning at a shared path sign or shared path road marking and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) an end shared path sign or end shared path road marking;
(b) a no bicycles sign or no bicycles road marking;
(c) a bicycle pathsign or bicycle path road marking;
(d) a road (except a road-related area);
(e) the end of the path.

Note: Bicycle and no bicycles road marking are defined in the dictionary, road-related area is defined in rule 13 , and bicycle path road marking and separated footpath are defined in rule 239 .

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Shared path sign

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End shared path sign

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No bicycles sign

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Bicycle path sign

Note for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle path sign, and another permitted version of each of the other signs – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

(3)  In this rule –
end shared path road marking means a shared path road marking with the word ‘end’;
shared path road marking means a road marking consisting of a pedestrian symbol above a bicycle symbol.

243.   Travelling on rollerblades, &c., on a bicycle path or separated footpath

(1)  A person travelling on rollerblades, rollerskates, or a similar wheeled recreational device, must not be on a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of pedestrians unless the person –
(a) is crossing the separated footpath by the shortest safe route; and
(b) does not stay on the separated footpath for longer than necessary to cross the separated footpath safely.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Separated footpath is defined in rule 239 .

(2)  A person travelling on rollerblades, rollerskates, or a similar wheeled recreational device, on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle is defined in the dictionary, and bicycle path is defined in rule 239 .

244.   Wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys being towed, &c.

(1)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy that is being towed by a vehicle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(2)  A person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy must not hold onto a vehicle while the vehicle is moving.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  A person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy must not travel within 2 metres of the rear of a moving motor vehicle continuously for more than 200 metres.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

244A.   Meanings of scooter and motorised scooter

(1)  In these rules –
scooter means a device that –
(a) has 2 or more wheels and a footboard supported by the wheels; and
(b) is steered by handlebars; and
(c) is designed to be used by a single person; and
(d) is propelled by any one or more of the following:
(i) gravity;
(ii) the user pushing one foot against the ground;
(iii) an electric motor or motors; and
(e) if it is fitted with an electric motor or motors, complies with the following requirements:
(i) its maker certifies (either by means of a plate attached to the motor or each motor, or by means of engraving on the motor or each motor) the ungoverned power output of the motor, or each motor;
(ii) the maximum power output of the motor, or the combined maximum power output of the motors, is not more than 200 watts;
(iii) when propelled only by the motor or motors, the scooter is not capable of going faster than 10 km/h on level ground;
motorised scooter means a scooter that is propelled by one or more electric motors and complies with the requirements in paragraph (e) of the definition of "scooter".
(2)  A reference in paragraph (d) or (e) of the definition of "scooter", or in the definition of "motorised scooter", in subrule (1) , to a motor includes both a motor that is part of the relevant device and a motor that is attached to the device.
(3)  In these rules, a reference to a scooter includes a motorised scooter unless the contrary intention appears.

244B.   Wearing of helmets by users of motorised scooters

A person who is travelling on a motorised scooter on a road or road-related area must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on his or her head, unless he or she is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Approved bicycle helmet and motorised scooter are defined in the dictionary.

244C.   Motorised scooters not to be used

If another law of this jurisdiction prohibits the use of motorised scooters on a road or road-related area, a person must not travel on a motorised scooter on a road or road-related area.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

PART 15 - Additional rules for bicycle riders

Note 1
This Part contains rules that apply only to bicycle riders. Most rules in the Road Rules apply to bicycle riders in the same way as they apply to drivers – see rule 19 . There are some other rules that are for bicycle riders only, or that have exceptions for bicycle riders. These include:
(a) optional hook turn by bicycle riders – rule 35
(b) bicycle riders making a hook turn contrary to a no hook turn by bicycles signrule 36
(c) bicycle riders excepted from giving stop signals – rule 52
(d) exception for bicycle riders riding in emergency stopping lanes – rule 95
(e) bicycle riders entering and leaving roundabouts – rules 111 and 119
(f) bicycle riders overtaking on the left – rule 141
(g) riding alongside other riders – rule 151
(h) bicycle lanes – rule 153
(i) parking at a bicycle rail or in a bicycle rack – rule 166
(j) stopping on footpaths – rule 197
(k) stopping on a road with a bicycle parking signrule 201

Note 2
Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

245.   Riding a bicycle

The rider of a bicycle must –
(a) [Rule 245 Amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] be astride the rider’s seat facing forwards (except if the bicycle is not built to be ridden astride); and
(b) ride with at least one hand on the handlebars; and
(c) if the bicycle is equipped with a seat – not ride the bicycle seated in any other position on the bicycle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

246.   Carrying people on a bicycle

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not carry more persons on the bicycle than the bicycle is designed to carry.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Example
A single-seat bicycle with a child's seat attached is designed to carry 2 people, one on the bicycle seat and one on the attached child's seat.
(2)  A passenger on a bicycle that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must sit in the seat designed for the passenger.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

(3)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride with a passenger unless the passenger complies with subrule (2) .

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

247.   Riding in a bicycle lane on a road

(1)  The rider of a bicycle riding on a length of road with a bicycle lane designed for bicycles travelling in the same direction as the rider must ride in the bicycle lane unless it is impracticable to do so.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Rule 153 defines a bicycle lane and deals with the use of bicycle lanes by other vehicles.

(2)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area.

Note: Road-related area includes the shoulder of a road – see rule 13 .

247A.   Entering a bicycle storage area

(1)  A rider of a bicycle approaching a bicycle storage area at an intersection that has traffic lights or traffic arrows showing a red traffic light or red arrow must not enter the bicycle storage area other than from a bicycle lane, unless the rider is not required to ride in the bicycle lane under the Road Rules.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: See clause 8 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(2)  Subrule (1) does not apply if –
(a) the bicycle storage area cannot, under another law of this jurisdiction, be entered from a bicycle lane; and
(b) the rider enters the area in accordance with another law of this jurisdiction.

247B.   Giving way while entering or in a bicycle storage area

(1)  A rider of a bicycle must when entering a bicycle storage area, give way to –
(a) any vehicle that is in the area; and
(b) if the area is before any green or yellow traffic lights, any motor vehicle that is entering or about to enter the area, unless the motor vehicle is turning in a direction that is subject to a red traffic arrow; and
(c) if the area forms part of a lane to which traffic arrows apply, any motor vehicle that is entering or about to enter the area at a time when those arrows are green or yellow.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle storage area is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A rider of a bicycle that is in a bicycle storage area that extends across more than one lane of a multi-lane road must, if the area is before any green or yellow traffic lights, give way to a motor vehicle that is in any lane other than the lane that the bicycle is directly in front of, unless the motor vehicle is turning in a direction that is subject to a red traffic arrow.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

248.   Riding across a road on a crossing

[Rule 248 Substituted by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017]
(1)  This rule applies to the rider of a bicycle who is at –
(a) a children's crossing; or
(b) a marked foot crossing; or
(c) a pedestrian crossing.
(2)  The rider may ride across the crossing only in accordance with this rule.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(3)  The rider may ride across a children's crossing or pedestrian crossing only if the rider stops as near as practicable to the crossing before riding across the crossing.
(4)  The rider may ride across a marked foot crossing only if –
(a) for a crossing with bicycle crossing lights – the rider is allowed, under these rules, to ride across the crossing; or
(b) for a crossing without bicycle crossing lights – a pedestrian is allowed, under these rules, to cross the crossing.

Note 1
See rules 260, 261 and 262 for circumstances in which a rider of a bicycle is allowed to cross a road at bicycle crossing lights.

Note 2
See rule 231 for circumstances in which a pedestrian is allowed to cross a road at pedestrian lights.
(5)  The rider may ride across the crossing only if the rider –
(a) proceeds slowly and safely; and
(b) gives way to any pedestrian on the crossing; and
(c) keeps to the left of any oncoming rider of a bicycle or a pedestrian.

248A.   Crossing road at pedestrian lights

[Rule 248A Inserted by S.R. 2017, No. 62, Applied:27 Sep 2017] Rule 231 applies to a rider of a bicycle as if a reference in that rule to a pedestrian were a reference to a rider of a bicycle.

249.   Riding on a separated footpath

The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of pedestrians.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Separated footpath is defined in rule 239 , and pedestrian is defined in rule 18 .

Note 2: Rule 336 deals with how parts of a separated footpath are designated for bicycle riders and pedestrians.

250.   Riding on a footpath or shared path

(1)  The rider of a bicycle who is 12 years old or older must not ride on a footpath if another law of this jurisdiction prohibits the rider from riding on the footpath.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Example of another law of this jurisdiction

Another law of this jurisdiction may provide that a commercial courier must not ride a bicycle on any footpath or any footpath in a particular area, or that an adult must not ride a bicycle on a footpath unless the adult is accompanying a child under 12 years who is also riding on the footpath.

Note: Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

(1A)  [Rule 250 Subrule (1A) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] The rider does not have to comply with subrule (1) if –
(a) the rider is carrying a medical certificate that states a medical practitioner believes the rider should be allowed to ride on the footpath because of a medical condition that the rider has; and
(b) the rider is complying with any conditions stated in the medical certificate; and
(c) no other law of this jurisdiction states that this subrule does not apply.

Note: Medical certificate and medical practitioner are defined in the dictionary.

(1B)  [Rule 250 Subrule (1B) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] Also, the rider does not have to comply with subrule (1) if –
(a) the rider is with another rider who is riding on the footpath; and
(b) the other rider is –
(i) carrying a medical certificate that states a medical practitioner believes the rider should be allowed to ride on the footpath because of a medical condition that the rider has; or
(ii) a child under 12 years of age.
(1C)  [Rule 250 Subrule (1C) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, the rider is exempt under subrule (1A) or (1B) only if the rider who is carrying the medical certificate immediately produces the medical certificate when an authorised person or police officer asks to see the certificate.

Note: Authorised person, medical certificate, medical practitioner and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The rider of a bicycle riding on a footpath or shared path must –
(a) keep to the left of the footpath or shared path unless it is impracticable to do so; and
(b) give way to any pedestrian on the footpath or shared path.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note 1: Pedestrian is defined in rule 18 , and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

Note 2: For subrule (2) , give way means the rider must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision – see the definition in the dictionary.

(3)  In this rule –
footpath does not include a separated footpath.

Note:Separated footpath is defined in rule 239 .

251.   Riding to the left of oncoming bicycle riders on a path

The rider of a bicycle riding on a bicycle path, footpath, separated footpath or shared path must keep to the left of any oncoming bicycle rider on the path.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in rule 239 , footpath is defined in the dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242 .

252.   No bicycles signs and markings

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a length of road or footpath to which a no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Footpath, length of road and no bicycles road marking are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies to a length of road or footpath beginning at the sign or marking and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a) a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking;
(b) a bicycle lane sign;
(c) a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking;
(d) a shared path sign;
(e) an end no bicycles sign;
(f) the next intersection.

Note: Intersection is defined in the dictionary, and bicycle path road marking and separated footpath road marking are defined in rule 239 .

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No bicycles sign

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Bicycle path sign

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Bicycle lane sign

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Separated footpath sign

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Shared path sign

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End no bicycles sign

Note 1 for diagrams: There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle path sign and bicycle lane sign, and another permitted version of the no bicycles sign, separated footpath sign and shared path sign – see the diagrams in Schedule 3 .

Note 2 for diagrams: A separated footpath sign may have the pedestrian symbol and the bicycle symbol reversed – see rule 316(4) .

253.   Bicycle riders not to cause a traffic hazard

The rider of a bicycle must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver or pedestrian.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

254.   Bicycles being towed, &c.

(1)  A person must not ride on a bicycle that is being towed by another vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

(2)  The rider of a bicycle must not hold onto another vehicle while the vehicle is moving.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

255.   Riding too close to the rear of a motor vehicle

The rider of a bicycle must not ride within 2 metres of the rear of a moving motor vehicle continuously for more than 200 metres.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

256.   Bicycle helmets

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the rider’s head, unless the rider is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Approved bicycle helmet is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A passenger on a bicycle that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the passenger's head, unless the passenger is –
(a) a paying passenger on a three or four-wheeled bicycle; or
(b) exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

(3)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride with a passenger on the bicycle unless the passenger complies with subrule (2) .

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

257.   Riding with a person on a bicycle trailer

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not tow a bicycle trailer with a person in or on the bicycle trailer, unless –
(a) the rider is 16 years old, or older; and
(b) the person in or on the bicycle trailer is under 10 years old, or as otherwise provided under another law of this jurisdiction; and
(c) the bicycle trailer can safely carry the person; and
(d) the person in or on the bicycle trailer is wearing an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the person’s head, unless the person is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Approved bicycle helmet is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  In this rule –
bicycle trailer means a vehicle that is built to be towed, or is towed, by a bicycle.

Note: Vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

258.   Equipment on a bicycle

A person must not ride a bicycle that does not have –
(a) at least one effective brake; and
(b) a bell, horn, or similar warning device, in working order.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

259.   Riding at night

The rider of a bicycle must not ride at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, unless the bicycle, or the rider, displays –
(a) a flashing or steady white light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the bicycle; and
(b) a flashing or steady red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the bicycle; and
(c) a red reflector that is clearly visible for at least 50 metres from the rear of the bicycle when light is projected onto it by a vehicle’s headlight on low-beam.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Low-beam and night are defined in the dictionary.

260.   Stopping for a red bicycle crossing light

[Rule 260 Substituted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014]
(1)  The rider of a bicycle approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road or road-related area, with bicycle crossing lights must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights show a red bicycle crossing light and the rider has not already started crossing the intersection or place, the rider must not start to cross until –
(a) the bicycle crossing lights change to green; or
(b) there is no red or yellow bicycle crossing light showing.

Note 1: Red bicycle crossing light includes a flashing red bicycle crossing light – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2: Green bicycle crossing light and yellow bicycle crossing light are defined in the dictionary.

Example

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Red bicycle crossing light

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Green bicycle crossing light

(3)  In this rule –
road includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

261.   Stopping for a yellow bicycle crossing light

[Rule 261 Substituted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014]
(1)  The rider of a bicycle approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road or road-related area, with bicycle crossing lights must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights show a yellow bicycle crossing light and the rider has not already started crossing the intersection or place, the rider must not start to cross until –
(a) the bicycle crossing lights change to green; or
(b) there is no red or yellow bicycle crossing light showing.

Note 1: Yellow bicycle crossing light includes a flashing yellow bicycle crossing light – see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2: Green bicycle crossing light and red bicycle crossing light are defined in the dictionary.

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Yellow bicycle crossing light

(3)  In this rule –
road includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

262.   Proceeding when bicycle crossing lights change to yellow or red

(1)  The rider of a bicycle who is crossing at an intersection, or another place on a road, with bicycle crossing lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 2 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights, intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights change from green to yellow, flashing yellow, red or flashing red while the rider is crossing the road, the rider must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the rider) of the following:
(a) a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by riders of bicycles to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area);
(b) the nearest side of the road.

Note: Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162 .

(3)  If, under subrule (2) , the rider crosses to the safety area, the rider must remain in the safety area until the bicycle crossing lights change to green.
(4)  However, if the rider cannot operate the bicycle crossing lights from the safety area, the rider may cross to the far side of the road when –
(a) the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing; and
(b) it is safe to do so.

Note: Red traffic light is defined in the dictionary.

(5)  In this rule –
road does not include a road-related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note: Road-related area is defined in rule 13 and shoulder is defined in rule 12 .

262A.   Proceeding when bicycle crossing light is green

[Rule 262A Inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016]
(1)  The rider of a bicycle who is crossing at an intersection, or another place on a road, with bicycle crossing lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights, intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights show a green bicycle crossing light, the rider may cross even though the traffic lights show a red traffic light or yellow traffic light.

Note: Bicycle crossing lights, green bicycle crossing light, red traffic light, straight ahead, traffic lights and yellowtraffic light are defined in the dictionary.

PART 16 - Rules for persons travelling in or on vehicles

263.   Application of Part to persons in or on trams

This Part, except rule 269(1) , does not apply to a person in or on a tram.

Note: Rule 269(1) prohibits a person getting off, or out of, a moving vehicle.

264.   Wearing of seatbelts by drivers

(1)  The driver of a motor vehicle that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must comply with this rule if the driver’s seating position is fitted with an approved seatbelt.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Driver is defined in rule 16 , and approved seatbelt, motor vehicle and park are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  The driver must wear the seatbelt properly adjusted and fastened unless the driver is –
(a) reversing the vehicle; or
(b) exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 .

Note: Rule 267 provides exemptions from wearing seatbelts.

265.   Wearing of seatbelts by passengers 16 years old, or older

(1)  A passenger in or on a motor vehicle that is moving, or that is stationary but not parked, must comply with subrule (2) if he or she –
(a) is 16 years old or older; and
(b) is not exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 .

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(2)  The passenger –
(a) must occupy a seating position that is fitted with an approved seatbelt; and
(b) must not occupy the same seating position as another passenger (whether or not the other passenger is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 ); and
(c) must wear the seatbelt properly adjusted and fastened.[Rule 265 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014]

Note 1: Approved seatbelt is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2: Subrule (4) provides that subrule (2)(b) does not apply to passengers holding children under one year old in their laps on buses, minibuses, taxis and tow trucks in certain circumstances. Bus and taxi are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  The driver of a motor vehicle (except a bus or taxi) that is moving, or that is stationary but not parked, must ensure that each passenger in or on the vehicle who is 16 years old or older complies with subrule (2) , unless the passenger is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Bus, motor vehicle, park and taxi are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  [Rule 265 Subrule (4) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] Subrule (2)(b) does not apply to a passenger in a bus, minibus, taxi or tow truck who has a child who is less than one year old seated in his or her lap if no suitable approved child restraint is fitted and available for use and if the bus, minibus, taxi or tow truck has 2 or more rows of seats – the passenger is not in the front row of seats.

Note: Approved child restraint is defined in rule 266(7).

(5)  [Rule 265 Subrule (5) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] Subrule (3) does not apply to the driver of a correctional vehicle or juvenile justice vehicle if either –
(a) the vehicle has 2 or more rows of seats and the passenger is not in the front row of seats or there is not a seating position available for the passenger in another row of seats; or
(b) the vehicle has a caged, or other secured, area designed for the carriage of passengers and the passenger occupies a seating position in that area.

Note: Correctional vehicle and juvenile justice vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

266.   Wearing of seatbelts by passengers under 16 years old

(1)  The driver of a motor vehicle (except a bus or motor bike) that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must ensure that this rule is complied with for each passenger in or on the vehicle who is under 16 years old.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Bus, motor bike, motor vehicle and park are defined in the dictionary.

(2)  [Rule 266 Subrule (2) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] If the passenger is under 6 months old, he or she must be restrained in a suitable and properly fastened and adjusted rearward facing approved child restraint.

Note 1: Approved child restraint is defined in subrule (7) and rearward facing is defined in subrule (6A) .

Note 2: See subrule (4B) if a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by this subrule because of his or her height or weight.

(2A)  [Rule 266 Subrule (2A) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] If the passenger is 6 months old or older, but under 4 years old, he or she must be restrained in a suitable and properly fastened and adjusted –
(a) rearward facing approved child restraint; or
(b) forward facing approved child restraint that has an inbuilt harness.

Note 1: Approved child restraint is defined in subrule (7) and forward facing and rearward facing are defined in subrule (6A) .

Note 2: See subrule (4C) if a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by this subrule because of his or her height or weight.

(2B)  [Rule 266 Subrule (2B) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] If the passenger is 4 years old or older, but under 7 years old, he or she must –
(a) be restrained in a suitable and properly fastened and adjusted forward facing approved child restraint that has an inbuilt harness; or
(b) [Rule 266 Subrule (2B) amended by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] [Rule 266 Subrule (2B) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] be placed on a properly positioned approved booster seat and be restrained by an approved seatbelt that is properly adjusted and fastened; or
(c) [Rule 266 Subrule (2B) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] if he or she is seated in a category 2 or category 3 seat as defined in Standards Bulletin VSB 5A –
(i) be restrained by an approved seatbelt, of the lap and sash type, that is properly adjusted and fastened; or
(ii) have the midsection of his or her body restrained by an approved seatbelt, of the lap and sash type, that is properly adjusted and fastened, and have his or her upper body restrained by an approved child safety harness that is properly adjusted and fastened.

Note 1: Approved booster seat and approved child restraint are defined in subrule (7) , approved seatbelt is defined in the dictionary and forward facing is defined in subrule (6A) .

Note 2: See subrule (4D) if a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by this subrule because of his or her height or weight.

Note 3: In relation to paragraph (b) , subrule (4E) permits an approved child safety harness to be worn instead of the sash part of a lap and sash seatbelt.

Note 4: See rule 372 for special transitional rules.

(2C)  [Rule 266 Subrule (2C) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] A passenger does not have to comply with subrules (2) , (2A) and (2B) if –
(a) the driver is carrying a medical certificate that states a medical practitioner believes the passenger should not be restrained in any of the ways described in those subrules because of a medical condition or disability that the passenger has; and
(b) the passenger is properly restrained in a child restraint that has been designed for, and is suitable for use by, the passenger or a person with the same medical condition or disability as the passenger; and
(c) the driver is complying with any conditions stated in the medical certificate; and
(d) no other law of this jurisdiction states that this subrule does not apply.

Note: Medical certificate and medical practitioner are defined in the dictionary.

(2D)  [Rule 266 Subrule (2D) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, the passenger is exempt under subrule (2C) only if the driver immediately produces the medical certificate when an authorised person or police officer asks to see the certificate.

Note: Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

(3)  A passenger who is under 4 years old must not be in the front row of a motor vehicle that has 2 or more rows of seats.
(3A)  [Rule 266 Subrule (3A) substituted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] A passenger who is 4 years old or older, but under 7 years old, must not be in the front row of a motor vehicle that has 2 or more rows of seats unless in the row or rows behind the front row –
(a) all of the seats are occupied by passengers who are also under 7 years old; or
(b) there is no empty seating position in which the passenger can sit in accordance with this rule.
(3B)  [Rule 266 Subrule (3B) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] The driver does not have to comply with subrule (3) or (3A) if –
(a) the driver is carrying a medical certificate that states a medical practitioner believes the passenger should be in the front row of the vehicle because of a medical condition that the passenger has; and
(b) the driver is complying with any conditions stated in the medical certificate; and
(c) no other law of this jurisdiction states that this subrule does not apply.

Note: Medical certificate and medical practitioner are defined in the dictionary.

(3C)  [Rule 266 Subrule (3C) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, the driver is exempt under subrule (3B) only if the driver immediately produces the medical certificate when an authorised person or police officer asks to see the certificate.

Note: Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  [Rule 266 Subrule (4) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] [Rule 266 Subrule (4) amended by S.R. 2010, No. 117, Applied:01 Dec 2010] If the passenger is 7 years old or older, but under 16 years old –
(a) he or she must be restrained in a suitable approved child restraint that is properly adjusted and fastened; or
(b) he or she –
(i) must occupy a seating position that is fitted with a suitable approved seatbelt; and
(ii) must not occupy the same seating position as another passenger (whether or not the other passenger is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 ); and
(iii) must wear the seatbelt properly adjusted and fastened.

Note: In relation to paragraph (b)(iii) , subrule (4E) permits an approved child safety harness to be worn instead of the sash part of a lap and sash seatbelt.

(4A)  Subrules (2) , (2A) , (2B) and (4) do not apply if the passenger is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 .
(4B)  If a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by subrule (2) because of his or her height or weight, he or she must be restrained as if subrule (2A) applied to him or her.
(4C)  If a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by subrule (2A) or (4B) because of his or her height or weight, he or she must be restrained as if subrule (2B) applied to him or her.
(4D)  If a passenger cannot safely be restrained as required by subrule (2B) or (4C) because of his or her height or weight, he or she must be restrained as if subrule (4) applied to him or her.
(4E)  In the case of a passenger sitting in a seating position that is fitted with a lap and sash type seatbelt, it is sufficient compliance with subrule (2B)(b) or subrule (4)(b)(iii) , as the case may be, if, instead of using the sash part of the seatbelt, an approved child safety harness that is properly adjusted and fastened is used to restrain the upper body of the passenger.

Note: Approved child safety harness is defined in subrule (7) .

(5)  The driver of a public minibus or taxi is exempt from subrules (2) , (2A) and (2B) in relation to a passenger if –
(a) there is no suitable approved child restraint available in the minibus or taxi for the passenger; and
(b) if the minibus or taxi has 2 or more rows of seats – the passenger is not in the front row of seats; and
(c) there is not another law of this jurisdiction requiring all passengers in a minibus or taxi who are the same age as the passenger to be restrained in an approved child restraint.

Note: Public minibus and taxi are defined in the dictionary.

(5A)  [Rule 266 Subrule (5A) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] [Rule 266 Subrule (5A) inserted by S.R. 2010, No. 117, Applied:01 Dec 2010] If the exemption set out in subrule (5) applies to a driver in relation to a passenger who is one year old or older, but under 7 years old, and who is not exempt from wearing a seatbelt under rule 267 , the passenger must wear an approved seatbelt that is properly adjusted and fastened to the best extent that is possible given the height and weight of the passenger.
(5B)  [Rule 266 Subrule (5B) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] The driver of a public minibus, taxi or tow truck is exempt from subrules (2) and (2A) in relation to a passenger who is under one year old if no suitable approved child restraint is fitted and available for use and the public minibus, taxi or tow truck has 2 or more rows of seats and the passenger is not in the front row of seats and –
(a) the passenger under one year old is seated in the lap of a passenger who is 16 years old or older; and
(b) in the case of a tow truck, the passenger under one year old is being transported from a location where the vehicle that the passenger was travelling in is being towed by the tow truck where it is necessary to tow the vehicle because the vehicle has broken down or has been involved in a crash.
(5C)  [Rule 266 Subrule (5C) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] This rule does not apply to the driver of a correctional vehicle or juvenile justice vehicle.

Note: Correctional vehicle and juvenile justice vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(6)  For this rule –
(a) an approved child restraint is available in the motor vehicle for a passenger if an approved child restraint is fitted in the vehicle and is not occupied by someone else under 16 years old; and
(b) an approved child restraint or approved seatbelt is suitable for a passenger if it is suitable for restraining, or to be worn by the passenger.
(6A)  For this rule, a child restraint that is properly fastened and adjusted –
(a) is forward facing if, once it restrains a passenger, his or her head is closer to the rear of the vehicle than his or her feet; and
(b) is rearward facing if, once it restrains a passenger, his or her feet are closer to the rear of the vehicle than his or her head.
(7)  In this rule –
approved booster seat means a booster seat approved, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction;
approved child restraint means a child restraint approved, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction;
[Rule 266 Subrule (7) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] approved child safety harness means a child safety harness approved, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction;
[Rule 266 Subrule (7) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] Standards Bulletin VSB 5A means the National Code of Practice of that name issued by the Australian Government's Administrator of Vehicle Standards and subtitled Commercial Manufacture and Installation of Additional Seats.

267.   Exemptions from wearing seatbelts

(1)  A person is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) the person is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under another law of this jurisdiction and is complying with the conditions (if any) of the exemption; and
(b) the person is a passenger in or on a motor vehicle with 2 or more rows of seats and there is not another law of this jurisdiction permitting the person to sit in the front row of seats, and the person is not in the front row of seats.

Note: Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(1A)  A person in or on a motor vehicle is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) the seating position that he or she occupies is not fitted with a seatbelt; and
(b) there is no requirement for that seating position to be fitted with a seatbelt; and
(c) all passengers in the vehicle who are exempt from wearing a seatbelt are complying with subrule (8) .
(1B)  Subrule (1A) does not apply to a person who is under 7 years old.
(1C)  To avoid doubt, subrule (1A) does not authorise a passenger to whom rule 266(3) or (3A) applies to occupy a seat in the front row of seats in a vehicle that has 2 or more rows of seats.
(2)  A person in or on a motor vehicle is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) the person is engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, and is required to get in or out of the vehicle, or on or off the vehicle, at frequent intervals; and
(b) the vehicle is not travelling over 25 kilometres per hour.
(2A)  [Rule 267 Subrule (2A) inserted by S.R. 2014, No. 136, Applied:10 Dec 2014] Subrule (2) does not apply to a person who is under 7 years old.
(3)  A person is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) [Rule 267 Subrule (3) amended by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] the person (or, for a passenger, the driver of the vehicle in or on which the person is a passenger) is carrying a certificate (other than a medical certificate issued under subrule (3A) ), issued under another law of this jurisdiction, stating that the person is not required to wear a seatbelt; and
(b) the person is complying with the conditions (if any) stated in the certificate.

Note: See clause 9 of Part 1 of Schedule 6 for jurisdictional qualifications.

(3A)  [Rule 267 Subrule (3A) substituted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] A person who is in, or on, a motor vehicle is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) the person or, if the person is a passenger, the driver of the vehicle, is carrying a medical certificate that states a medical practitioner believes the person should not wear a seatbelt because of a medical condition that the person has; and
(b) the person is complying with any conditions stated in the medical certificate; and
(c) no other law of this jurisdiction states that this subrule does not apply.

Note: Medical certificate and medical practitioner are defined in the dictionary.

(4)  [Rule 267 Subrule (4) substituted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, a person is exempt under subrule (3) or (3A) only if the person who is carrying the medical certificate immediately produces the medical certificate when an authorised person or police officer asks to see the certificate.

Note: Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

(5)  A person is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if –
(a) the person is a passenger in or on a police or emergency vehicle; and
(b) either –
(i) if the vehicle has 2 or more rows of seats – the person is not in the front row of seats or there is not a seating position available for the person in another row of seats; or
(ii) if the vehicle is a police vehicle and has a caged, or other secured, area designed for the carriage of passengers – the person occupies a seating position in that area.

Note: Emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(6)  A person is exempt from wearing a seatbelt if he or she is providing or receiving medical treatment of an urgent and necessary nature while in or on a vehicle.
(7)  If a truck or bus has a sleeper compartment, a two-up driver of the truck or bus is exempt from wearing a seatbelt while he or she occupies the sleeper compartment for rest purposes.

Note: Bus and truck are defined in the dictionary.

(8)  If a vehicle does not have seatbelts or approved child restraints fitted to all its passenger seating positions, a passenger who is exempt from wearing a seatbelt under this rule must not occupy a seating position that is fitted with a seatbelt or an approved child restraint if the result would be that a passenger who is not exempt from wearing a seatbelt under this rule would be required to occupy a seating position that is not fitted with a seatbelt or an approved child restraint.
(9)  In this rule –
medical practitioner means a person who is a medical practitioner within the meaning of section 3 of the Medical Practitioners Registration Act 1996 ;
two-up driver means a person accompanying a driver of a truck or bus on a journey, or part of a journey, who has been, is or will be sharing the task of driving the truck or bus during the journey.

268.   How persons must travel in or on a motor vehicle

(1)  A person must not travel in or on a part of a motor vehicle that is not a part designed primarily for the carriage of passengers or goods.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

(2)  A person must not travel in or on a part of a motor vehicle that is a part designed primarily for the carriage of goods unless –
(a) the part is enclosed; and
(b) he or she occupies a seating position that is suitable for the size and weight of the person and that is fitted with a seatbelt.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note 1: Enclosed is defined in subrule (7) .

Note 2: Rule 265 deals with the wearing of seatbelts by passengers 16 years old or older, and rule 266 deals with the wearing of seatbelts by passengers under 16 years old.

(3)  A person must not travel in or on a motor vehicle with any part of the person’s body outside a window or door of the vehicle, unless the person is the driver of the vehicle and is giving a hand signal –
(a) for changing direction to the right in accordance with rule 50 ; or
(b) for stopping or slowing in accordance with rule 55 .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Window is defined in the dictionary.

(4)  The driver of a motor vehicle (except a bus) must not drive with a passenger if any part of the passenger’s body is outside a window or door of the vehicle.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Bus is defined in the dictionary.

(4A)  The driver of a motor vehicle must not drive with a passenger in or on a part of the vehicle that is not a part designed primarily for the carriage of passengers or goods.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(4B)  The driver of a motor vehicle must not drive with a passenger in or on a part of the vehicle that is a part designed primarily for the carriage of goods unless –
(a) the part is enclosed; and
(b) the person occupies a seating position that is suitable for the size and weight of the person and that is fitted with a seatbelt.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Rule 265 deals with the wearing of seatbelts by passengers 16 years old or older, and rule 266 deals with the wearing of seatbelts by passengers under 16 years old.

(5)  This rule does not apply to a person who is –
(a) in or on a police or emergency vehicle; or
(b) on a motor bike; or
(c) engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, in or on a motor vehicle that is not travelling over 25 kilometres per hour.

Note: Emergency vehicle, motor bike, and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

(6)  This rule also does not apply to a person if –
(a) the person is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction and is complying with the conditions (if any) of the exemption; or
(b) the vehicle is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.
(7)  For this rule –
enclosed, for a part of a vehicle, means enclosed by –
(a) the structure of the vehicle; or
(b) a canopy, cage or other device fitted to the vehicle that is approved, for the Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction.

269.   Opening doors and getting out of a vehicle, &c.,

(1)  A person must not get off, or out of, a moving vehicle, unless the person is engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, and the vehicle is not travelling over 5 kilometres per hour.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note 1: Vehicle is defined in rule 15 .

Note 2: Rule 237 deals with persons getting on, or into, a moving vehicle.

(2)  Subrule (1) does not apply to a person getting off a bicycle or animal.
(3)  A person must not cause a hazard to any person or vehicle by opening a door of a vehicle, leaving a door of a vehicle open, or getting off, or out of, a vehicle.

Penalty:  Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

(4)  The driver of a bus must not drive the bus unless the doors of the bus are closed while the bus is moving.

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 10 penalty units.

Note: Bus is defined in the dictionary.

270.   Wearing motor bike helmets

(1)  The rider of a motor bike that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must –
(a) wear an approved motor bike helmet securely fitted and fastened on the rider’s head; and
(b) not ride with a passenger unless the passenger complies with subrule (2) .

Penalty: Fine not exceeding 5 penalty units.

Note: Motor bike and park are defined in the dictionary.

(1A)  [Rule 270 Subrule (1A) inserted by S.R. 2016, No. 56, Applied:27 Jul 2016] However, the rider of a motor bike that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, is exempt from wearing an approved motor bike helmet if –
(a) the motor bike's engine is not on; and
(b) the rider is pushing the mo